E.g., 01/31/2015
E.g., 01/31/2015

State Demographics Data - AL

Alabama

Demographics & Social
2013
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 162,226
% Foreign Born 3.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 84.8%
% change: 1990-2000 101.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White
48.5%
Black or African American
6.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.6%
Asian
25.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
16.0%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 75,544
% Latino 46.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 6.9%
18-64 82.6%
65 and older 9.9%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

37.1
Gender (% female) 48.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.9%
Married 57.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,671,496
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 7.2%
% change: 1990-2000 9.1%
Race (%)  
One race 98.3%
White 69.6%
Black or African American 27.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.6%
Two or more races 1.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 114,390
% Latino 2.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.2%
5-17 17.3%
18-64 61.4%
65 and older 15.1%
Median Age 38.4
Gender (% female) 51.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 30.4%
Married 46.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.8%
Foreign Born
Number 87,772
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 4,359,328
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 43,533
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,997,054
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

162,226
Born in Africa 7,452
Born in Asia 50,159
Born in Europe 17,317
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 82,928
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,430
Born in Oceania 940
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Korea
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

162,226
Europe 17,317
Northern Europe 4,056
United Kingdom
3,989
Ireland
0
Other Northern Europe
67
Western Europe 7,880
France
497
Germany
5,968
Other Western Europe
1,415
Southern Europe 1,190
Italy
442
Portugal
28
Other Southern Europe
720
Eastern Europe 4,191
Poland
754
Russia
1,207
Other Eastern Europe
2,230
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 50,159
Eastern Asia 17,509
China
9,088

China, excluding Taiwan

8,144

Taiwan

944
Japan
1,311
Korea
7,110
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 13,083
India
9,326
Iran
977
Other South Central Asia
2,780
Southeastern Asia 15,124
Philippines
4,225
Vietnam
6,448
Other Southeastern Asia
4,451
Western Asia 4,048
Israel
70
Lebanon
1,034
Other Western Asia
2,944
Other Asia (no country specified) 395
Africa 7,452
Eastern Africa 1,900
Northern Africa
1,806
Western Africa
2,815
Middle and Southern Africa
715
Other Africa (no country specified)
216
Oceania 940
Australia and New Zealand subregion 480
Oceania (no country specified) 460
Americas 86,358
Latin America 82,928
Caribbean
5,844

Cuba

1,239

Jamaica

2,103

Other Caribbean

2,502
Central America
71,618

Mexico

55,060

El Salvador

1,174

Other Central America

15,384
South America
5,466

Brazil

639

Colombia

2,241

Other South America

2,586
Northern America 3,430
Canada
3,430
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 41,233
1990-1999 32,978
2000-2009 68,779
Since 2010 19,236
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.6%
Born in Asia 30.9%
Born in Europe 10.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 51.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.1%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 34.0%
Country #2 6.5%
Country #3 5.6%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.7%
Northern Europe 2.5%
United Kingdom 2.5%
Ireland 0.0%
Other Northern Europe 0.0%
Western Europe 4.9%
France 0.3%
Germany 3.7%
Other Western Europe 0.9%
Southern Europe 0.7%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 2.6%
Poland 0.5%
Russia 0.7%
Other Eastern Europe 1.4%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.9%
Eastern Asia 10.8%
China 5.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.0%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 4.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.1%
India 5.7%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 1.7%
Southeastern Asia 9.3%
Philippines 2.6%
Vietnam 4.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.7%
Western Asia 2.5%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.6%
Other Western Asia 1.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 4.6%
Eastern Africa 1.2%
Northern Africa 1.1%
Western Africa 1.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.3%
Americas 53.2%
Latin America 51.1%
Caribbean 3.6%
Cuba 0.8%
Jamaica 1.3%
Other Caribbean 1.5%
Central America 44.1%
Mexico 33.9%
El Salvador 0.7%
Other Central America 9.5%
South America 3.4%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 1.4%
Other South America 1.6%
Northern America 2.1%
Canada 2.1%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 25.4%
1980-1989 20.3%
1990-1999 42.4%
Since 2000 11.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 87,772
Born in Africa 3,662
Born in Asia 26,235
Born in Europe 18,415
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35,574
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,352
Cat28 529
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.2%
Born in Asia 29.9%
Born in Europe 21.0%
Born in Latin America 40.5%
Born in Northern America 3.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 26.5%
Country #2 8.4%
Country #3 4.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 41,426
Born in Africa 1,813
Born in Asia 17,294
Born in Europe 13,972
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,658
Cat21 275
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 41.7%
Born in Europe 33.7%
Born in Latin America 13.1%
Born in Northern America 6.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 13.2%
Country #2 6.2%
Country #3 5.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 162,226
Naturalized citizens 59,782
Noncitizens 102,444
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 59,782
Before 1980 10,841
1980-1989 8,618
1990-1999 13,619
2000-2009 18,389
Since 2010 8,315
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.9%
Noncitizens 63.1%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 18.1%
1980-1989 14.4%
1990-1999 22.8%
2000-2009 30.8%
Since 2010 13.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 87,772
Naturalized citizens 32,200
Noncitizens 55,572
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.7%
Noncitizens 63.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,533
Naturalized citizens 21,391
Noncitizens 22,142
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.1%
Noncitizens 50.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 51,448
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,466
% married among women who gave birth
81.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
18.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,111,877
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 54,587
% married among women who gave birth 58.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 41.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.24
Average family size 3.77
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.57
Average family size 3.18
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,035,638
Only native parent(s)
962,152
One or more foreign-born parents
72,263

Child is native

63,563

Child is foreign born

8,700
Children under age 6 with 335,973
Only native parent(s)
308,958
One or more foreign-born parents
26,961

Child is native

26,166

Child is foreign born

795
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 699,665
Only native parent(s)
653,194
One or more foreign-born parents
45,302

Child is native

37,397

Child is foreign born

7,905
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

520,074
Only native parents 475,885
One or more foreign-born parents 43,710
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.0%
Child is native 6.1%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.0%
Child is native 7.8%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Child is native 5.3%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 91.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,059,242
Only native parent(s) 1,023,154
One or more foreign-born parents 36,088
Child is native 28,910
Child is foreign born 7,178
Children under age 6 with 339,918
Only native parent(s) 326,467
One or more foreign-born parents 13,451
Child is native 11,859
Child is foreign born 1,592
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 719,324
Only native parent(s) 696,687
One or more foreign-born parents 22,637
Child is native 17,051
Child is foreign born 5,586
Children in Low-Income Families* 467,040
Only native parents 450,841
One or more foreign-born parents 16,199
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.7%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.0%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.4%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,002,651
Only native parent(s) 982,040
One or more foreign-born parents 20,611
Child is native 17,503
Child is foreign born 3,108
Children under age 6 with 325,144
Only native parent(s) 317,763
One or more foreign-born parents 7,381
Child is native 6,907
Child is foreign born 474
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 677,507
Only native parent(s) 664,277
One or more foreign-born parents 13,230
Child is native 10,596
Child is foreign born 2,634
Children in Low-Income Families* 478,701
Only native parents 471,892
One or more foreign-born parents 6,809
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2013 ACS, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in the total number of children; the same information is unavailable by parental nativity. This means that the sum of children of natives and children of immigrants (in absolute and percent terms) may be smaller than the total number of children.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.