E.g., 09/17/2014
E.g., 09/17/2014

State Demographics Data - AL

Alabama

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 163,679
% Foreign Born 3.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 86.5%
% change: 1990-2000 101.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White
44.6%
Black or African American
8.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
26.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
17.5%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 77,124
% Latino 47.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.3%
5-17 9.1%
18-64 80.9%
65 and older 8.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

36.2
Gender (% female) 49.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.7%
Married 63.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 11.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,658,344
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 6.9%
% change: 1990-2000 9.1%
Race (%)  
One race 98.5%
White 70.0%
Black or African American 27.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 0.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.5%
Two or more races 1.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 108,317
% Latino 2.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.4%
5-17 17.4%
18-64 61.5%
65 and older 14.7%
Median Age 38.4
Gender (% female) 51.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.5%
Married 47.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.7%
Foreign Born
Number 87,772
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,359,328
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 43,533
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,997,054
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

163,679
Born in Africa 6,957
Born in Asia 51,092
Born in Europe 17,760
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 83,096
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,688
Born in Oceania 1,086
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Korea
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

163,679
Europe 17,760
Northern Europe 4,016
United Kingdom
3,660
Ireland
34
Other Northern Europe
322
Western Europe 9,475
France
794
Germany
7,761
Other Western Europe
920
Southern Europe 657
Italy
243
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
414
Eastern Europe 3,612
Poland
231
Russia
1,300
Other Eastern Europe
2,081
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 51,092
Eastern Asia 19,865
China
8,765

China, excluding Taiwan

7,310

Taiwan

1,455
Japan
1,899
Korea
9,201
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 14,800
India
10,707
Iran
867
Other South Central Asia
3,226
Southeastern Asia 12,663
Philippines
5,715
Vietnam
5,150
Other Southeastern Asia
1,798
Western Asia 3,741
Israel
196
Lebanon
721
Other Western Asia
2,824
Other Asia (no country specified) 23
Africa 6,957
Eastern Africa 3,282
Northern Africa
437
Western Africa
2,034
Middle and Southern Africa
639
Other Africa (no country specified)
565
Oceania 1,086
Australia and New Zealand subregion 552
Oceania (no country specified) 534
Americas 86,784
Latin America 83,096
Caribbean
6,997

Cuba

2,313

Jamaica

2,252

Other Caribbean

2,432
Central America
72,161

Mexico

55,576

El Salvador

2,466

Other Central America

14,119
South America
3,938

Brazil

326

Colombia

1,076

Other South America

2,536
Northern America 3,688
Canada
3,688
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 37,640
1990-1999 39,648
2000-2009 67,844
Since 2010 18,547
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.3%
Born in Asia 31.2%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 50.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 34.0%
Country #2 6.5%
Country #3 5.6%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.9%
Northern Europe 2.5%
United Kingdom 2.2%
Ireland 0.0%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 5.8%
France 0.5%
Germany 4.7%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 2.2%
Poland 0.1%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 1.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 31.2%
Eastern Asia 12.1%
China 5.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.5%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 1.2%
Korea 5.6%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 9.0%
India 6.5%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 2.0%
Southeastern Asia 7.7%
Philippines 3.5%
Vietnam 3.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.1%
Western Asia 2.3%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.4%
Other Western Asia 1.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 4.3%
Eastern Africa 2.0%
Northern Africa 0.3%
Western Africa 1.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.3%
Americas 53.0%
Latin America 50.8%
Caribbean 4.3%
Cuba 1.4%
Jamaica 1.4%
Other Caribbean 1.5%
Central America 44.1%
Mexico 34.0%
El Salvador 1.5%
Other Central America 8.6%
South America 2.4%
Brazil 0.2%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 1.5%
Northern America 2.3%
Canada 2.3%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 23.0%
1980-1989 24.2%
1990-1999 41.4%
Since 2000 11.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 87,772
Born in Africa 3,662
Born in Asia 26,235
Born in Europe 18,415
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35,574
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,352
Cat28 529
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.2%
Born in Asia 29.9%
Born in Europe 21.0%
Born in Latin America 40.5%
Born in Northern America 3.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 26.5%
Country #2 8.4%
Country #3 4.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 41,426
Born in Africa 1,813
Born in Asia 17,294
Born in Europe 13,972
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,658
Cat21 275
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 41.7%
Born in Europe 33.7%
Born in Latin America 13.1%
Born in Northern America 6.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 13.2%
Country #2 6.2%
Country #3 5.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 163,679
Naturalized citizens 56,167
Noncitizens 107,512
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 56,167
Before 1980 9,853
1980-1989 6,890
1990-1999 8,130
2000-2009 21,855
Since 2010 9,439
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.3%
Noncitizens 65.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.5%
1980-1989 12.3%
1990-1999 14.5%
2000-2009 38.9%
Since 2010 16.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 87,772
Naturalized citizens 32,200
Noncitizens 55,572
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.7%
Noncitizens 63.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,533
Naturalized citizens 21,391
Noncitizens 22,142
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.1%
Noncitizens 50.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 55,021
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 4,239
% married among women who gave birth
85.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
14.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,107,359
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 59,208
% married among women who gave birth 54.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 45.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.32
Average family size 3.87
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.52
Average family size 3.14
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,059,458
Only native parent(s)
978,216
One or more foreign-born parents
81,242

Child is native

69,016

Child is foreign born

12,226
Children under age 6 with 349,442
Only native parent(s)
316,300
One or more foreign-born parents
33,142

Child is native

31,346

Child is foreign born

1,796
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 710,016
Only native parent(s)
661,916
One or more foreign-born parents
48,100

Child is native

37,670

Child is foreign born

10,430
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

527,765
Only native parents 476,854
One or more foreign-born parents 50,911
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.7%
Child is native 6.5%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.5%
Child is native 9.0%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.8%
Child is native 5.3%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,059,242
Only native parent(s) 1,023,154
One or more foreign-born parents 36,088
Child is native 28,910
Child is foreign born 7,178
Children under age 6 with 339,918
Only native parent(s) 326,467
One or more foreign-born parents 13,451
Child is native 11,859
Child is foreign born 1,592
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 719,324
Only native parent(s) 696,687
One or more foreign-born parents 22,637
Child is native 17,051
Child is foreign born 5,586
Children in Low-Income Families* 467,040
Only native parents 450,841
One or more foreign-born parents 16,199
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.7%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.0%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.4%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,002,651
Only native parent(s) 982,040
One or more foreign-born parents 20,611
Child is native 17,503
Child is foreign born 3,108
Children under age 6 with 325,144
Only native parent(s) 317,763
One or more foreign-born parents 7,381
Child is native 6,907
Child is foreign born 474
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 677,507
Only native parent(s) 664,277
One or more foreign-born parents 13,230
Child is native 10,596
Child is foreign born 2,634
Children in Low-Income Families* 478,701
Only native parents 471,892
One or more foreign-born parents 6,809
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.