Migration Policy Institute - Brain Drain & Brain Gain
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This Bangkok launch of the MPI-IOM Issue in Brief "A ‘Freer’ Flow of Skilled Labour within ASEAN: Aspirations, Opportunities and Challenges in 2015 and Beyond" explored the creation of the ASEAN Economic Community and its vision of a freer flow of skilled labor, as well as other migration issues affecting the region.
A call/webinar focused the 2014 Global Forum on Migration and Development: its agenda, the policy areas that seem ripe for action, and what impact the discussions will have on the post-2015 development agenda.
This policy brief, which concludes a nine-brief series examining what is known about the linkages between migration and development, suggests that the policy framework on migration and development remains relatively weak, and few development agencies have made it a priority to promote the positive impact of international migration.
Skilled migration is often thought to have overwhelmingly negative effects on countries of migrant origin. Yet recent research and policy experience challenge this assumption and offer a more nuanced picture, as this brief explains. Countries of origin and destination can in fact benefit from skilled migration when it is correctly structured, and efforts to restrict skilled nationals’ ability to leave their countries of origin may have unintended costs, in addition to being ethically problematic.
This conference provides an assessment of what we have learned about the relationship between migration and development in the past decade—including the gains made through six years of the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD)—and identifies key areas that are ripe for action.
This brief explores how governments in Asia are facilitating diaspora contributions, including creation of conducive legal frameworks and diaspora-centered institutions to initiation of programs that specifically target diasporas as development actors.
The second annual Global Diaspora Forum, hosted by the U.S. State Department and the U.S. Agency for International Development, focused on how new technology can empower and increase diaspora philanthropy, volunteerism, social entrepreneurship, and innovation. MPI was the knowledge partner for the forum.
The 2012 Global Diaspora Forum challenged diaspora communities to forge partnerships with the private sector, civil society, and public institutions in order to make their engagements with their countries of origin or ancestry effective, scalable, and sustainable.
A discussion on diaspora engagement with Dr. Noppawan Tanpipat, Vice President, National Science and Technology Development Agency; and IOM and MPI representatives based in Asia.
A discussion with Dr. Noppawan Tanpipat, Vice President, National Science and Technology Development Agency; Frank Laczko, Head, Migration Research Division, IOM; Dovelyn Rannveig Agunias, Regional Research Officer, IOM, and Policy Analyst, Migration Policy Institute (MPI); and Kathleen Newland, Director of Migrants, Migration, and Development, Migration Policy Institute (MPI).
The Washington DC launch event for the MPI/IOM handbook on diaspora engagement with the Director General of the International Organization for Migration, and MPI's Kathleen Newland.
This discussion highlights the best practices and experiences of different countries in engaging and maximizing the contributions that diasporas can and do make to the development of their country of origin, and more broadly the experience of policymakers in both sending and receiving countries and the related challenges and opportunities they face.
An MPI Europe-IOM event for the launch of a handbook on engaging diasporas in development and panel discussion.
The launch of the Diaspora handbook and a joint panel discussion that explored the opportunities and challenges that governments face when developing strategies to engage diaspora populations.
Migration and development have emerged as a pressing policy priority on the global agenda. This report identifies critical lessons from the past decade of policy experimentation and offers recommendations for migration and development policy.
The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs, the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, the Migration Policy Institute, and the Indian Council for Overseas Employment hosted a panel discussion with business leaders and experts in innovation who were joined by Indian Ambassador to the United States Meera Shankar. This panel discussion was held in association with maximum INDIA--A festival of Indian arts and culture at the Kennedy Center.
Nearly 1 million U.S. residents spend time volunteering abroad each year, including nearly 200,000 first- and second-generation immigrants. As skilled migration and the number of U.S. youth with ancestors in the developing world grow, this report shows the potential for diaspora service volunteers to assist with development in a number of countries.
Five factors, including wages and professional development, drive skilled people to migrate, and three reasons encourage them to return. Laura Chappell and Alex Glennie of ippr in London look at all of these factors and how motivations vary across different contexts and groups of migrants.
A number of governments and institutions are determined to ride international migration toward a future of greater prosperity. MPI's Kathleen Newland outlines what they all should know about the pluses and minuses of the most basic issues that frame the debate on migration and development: remittances and the brain drain.
This volume finds that while emigration may be beneficial in some cases, unhindered high-skilled emigration, particularly in the case of sub-Saharan Africa, can have disastrous consequences. The author, Arno Tanner, recommends specific policies where carefully targeted development measures could be used to mitigate the negative consequences of brain drain.