E.g., 07/05/2015
E.g., 07/05/2015

State Workforce Data - NC

North Carolina

Workforce
2013
2000
1990
Civilian Labor Force

Note: 1) Persons are considered to be in the civilian labor force if they were employed or if they were unemployed but actively looking for work. Persons not in the labor force include homemakers, retirees, students who do not work, and others who are neither working outside the home nor looking for work. Civilian labor force excludes members of the armed forces (Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, and Marines). 2) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 3) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 4) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (16 and older) 704,235
% in the civilian labor force 71.0%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 500,007
% unemployed of the total civilian labor force 7.3%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 463,392
% change: 2000-2013 89.7%
% change: 1990-2000 272.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (16 and older) 7,105,917
% in the civilian labor force 60.8%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 4,320,398
% unemployed of the total civilian labor force 9.9%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 3,892,089
% change: 2000-2011 8.6%
% change: 1990-2000 13.3%
Foreign Born
Population (16 and older) 386,503
% change: 2000-2011 67.0%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 259,094
% change: 1990-2000 5.7%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 244,217
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (16 and older) 5,913,836
% change: 2000-2011 64.0%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 3,782,813
% change: 1990-2000 5.3%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 3,582,646
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (16 and older) 108,072
% change: 2000-2011 63.3%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 68,451
% change: 1990-2000 4.3%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 65,538
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (16 and older) 5,083,947
% change: 2000-2011 65.4%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 3,322,776
% change: 1990-2000 4.8%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 3,162,771
   
   
Foreign-Born Labor Force by U.S. Citizenship Status

Note: 1) Persons are considered to be in the civilian labor force if they were employed or if they were unemployed but actively looking for work. Persons not in the labor force include homemakers, retirees, students who do not work, and others who are neither working outside the home nor looking for work. Civilian labor force excludes members of the armed forces (Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, and Marines). 2) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 3) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 4) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Naturalized Citizens  
Population (16 and older) 230,076
% in the civilian labor force
69.0%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 158,752
% unemployed of the total civilian labor force 6.3%
Civilian employed workers (age 16 and older) 148,735
Noncitizens  
Population (age 16 and older) 474,159
% in the civilian labor force
72.0%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 341,394
% unemployed of the total civilian labor force
7.8%
Civilian employed workers (age 16 and older) 314,657
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign-Born Workers by Period of Entry and Origin Foreign Born
Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Period of Entry

Note: The total estimate of foreign-born workers here is somewhat different from other Workforce data due to different ACS data sources.

458,368
% recent arrivals (i.e., arrived within the last 10 years)
29.0%
Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Region of Birth

Note: The total estimate of foreign-born workers here is somewhat different from other Workforce data due to different ACS data sources.

458,368
Born in Africa 6.6%
Born in Asia 22.2%
Born in Europe 9.0%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 60.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.0%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Occupations

Note: 1) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Civilian Workers Age 16 and Older 463,392
% Civilian Workers Employed in  
Management, business, science, and arts occupations 27.5%
Service occupations 24.2%
Sales and office occupations 12.7%
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 18.5%
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 17.2%
% Foreign Born by Occupation  
All civilian workers 10.6%
Management, business, science, and arts occupations 8.1%
Service occupations 14.0%
Sales and office occupations 5.7%
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 21.6%
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 14.0%
U.S. Born
Civilian Workers Age 16 and Older 3,892,089
% Civilian Workers Employed in  
Management, business, science, and arts occupations 36.9%
Service occupations 17.7%
Sales and office occupations 24.8%
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 8.0%
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 12.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Industries

Note: 1) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Civilian Workers Age 16 and Older 463,392
% Civilian Workers Employed in  
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 3.2%
Construction 14.9%
Manufacturing 16.2%
Wholesale trade 2.3%
Retail trade 8.3%
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 3.1%
Information 0.9%
Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 4.2%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste-management services 12.6%
Educational services, and health care and social assistance 13.6%
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 14.5%
Other services (except public administration) 5.1%
Public administration 1.2%
% Foreign Born by Industry  
All civilian workers 10.6%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 25.7%
Construction 24.4%
Manufacturing 13.8%
Wholesale trade 9.5%
Retail trade 7.5%
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 7.7%
Information 5.3%
Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 7.1%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste-management services 12.9%
Educational services, and health care and social assistance 6.2%
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 15.8%
Other services (except public administration) 10.8%
Public administration 2.9%
U.S. Born
Civilian Workers Age 16 and Older 3,892,089
% Civilian Workers Employed in  
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 1.1%
Construction 5.5%
Manufacturing 12.0%
Wholesale trade 2.6%
Retail trade 12.2%
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 4.4%
Information 1.9%
Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 6.5%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste-management services 10.1%
Educational services, and health care and social assistance 24.6%
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 9.2%
Other services (except public administration) 5.0%
Public administration 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Class of Worker

Note: 1) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) (%) 463,392
Private wage and salary workers 87.6%
Government workers 6.3%
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business 5.9%
Unpaid family workers 0.2%
U.S. Born
Class of Worker (civilian workers age 16 and older) (%) 3,892,089
Private wage and salary workers 78.5%
Government workers 15.8%
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business 5.6%
Unpaid family workers 0.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 25 and older)
 
 
Labor Force Participation by Language Spoken at Home Number
Total Population (native and foreign born) Age 25 and older 6,568,110
In labor force 4,181,350
Not in labor force 2,386,760
Speak only English 5,915,028
In labor force 3,703,889
Not in labor force 2,211,139
Speak Spanish 407,072
In labor force 307,216
Not in labor force 99,856
Speak other Indo-European languages 112,624
In labor force 76,970
Not in labor force 35,654
Speak Asian and Pacific Island languages 104,111
In labor force 71,366
Not in labor force 32,745
Speak other languages 29,275
In labor force 21,909
Not in labor force 7,366
%
Total Population (native and foreign born) age 25 and older 100%
  In labor force 63.7%
Not in labor force 36.3%
Speak only English 100%
  In labor force 62.6%
Not in labor force 37.4%
Speak Spanish 100%
  In labor force 75.5%
Not in labor force 24.5%
Speak other Indo-European languages 100%
  In labor force 68.3%
Not in labor force 31.7%
Speak Asian and Pacific Island languages 100%
  In labor force 68.5%
Not in labor force 31.5%
Speak other languages 100%
  In labor force 74.8%
Not in labor force 25.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Workers' Education and English Proficiency

Note: 1) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 2) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Civilian Employed Workers (age 25 and older) 409,724
Low-educated workers (i.e., those with high school diploma) 139,470
% low educated of all workers
34.0%
High-educated workers (i.e., those with at least a bachelor's degree) 122,753
% high educated of all workers
30.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Workers (age 25 and older) 205,029
% LEP among all workers
50.0%
U.S. Born
Civilian Workers (age 25 and older) 3,386,740
Low-educated workers (i.e., those with high school diploma) 204,836
% low educated of all workers
6.0%
High-educated workers (i.e., those with at least a bachelor's degree) 1,202,195
% high educated of all workers
35.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Workers (age 25 and older) 16,378
% LEP among all workers
0.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Brain Waste

Note: The terms "brain waste" and "skill underutilization" are used interchangeably and describe a phenomenon when college-educated persons are either unemployed or employed in unskilled jobs, i.e., jobs that require only moderate on-the-job training or less, such as construction laborers, taxi drivers, file clerks, or nannies.

Foreign Born
Skill Underutilization among College-Educated Workers (age 25 and older)*

Note: Estimates are based on Migration Policy Institute analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 ACS data.

 
Total civilian, college-educated labor force, age 25+ 117,529
Number underutilized (i.e., unemployed or employed in low-skilled jobs)
22,397

% of civilian, college-educated labor force, age 25+

19.1%
U.S. Born
Skill Underutilization among College-Educated Workers (age 25 and older)*  
Total civilian, college-educated workers, age 25+ 1,206,939
Number underutilized (i.e., unemployed or employed in low-skilled jobs)
207,670

% of all civilian, college-educated workers, age 25+

17.2%
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Persons are considered to be in the civilian labor force if they were employed or if they were unemployed but actively looking for work. Persons not in the labor force include homemakers, retirees, students who do not work, and others who are neither working outside the home nor looking for work. Civilian labor force excludes members of the armed forces (Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, and Marines). Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.
  • The terms "brain waste" and "skill underutilization" are used interchangeably and describe a phenomenon when college-educated persons are either unemployed or employed in unskilled jobs, i.e., jobs that require only moderate on-the-job training or less, such as construction laborers, taxi drivers, file clerks, or nannies.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Civilian Labor Force,” “Foreign-Born Labor Force by U.S. Citizenship Status,” “Occupations,” “Industries,” and “Class of Worker,”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi,  South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.
  • For “Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Period of Entry,” “Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Region of Birth,” and “Workers' Education and English Proficiency (age 25 and older)”: The total estimate of foreign-born workers here is somewhat different from other Workforce data due to different ACS data sources. These three indicators are based on Migration Policy Institute analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's 2013 ACS data.
  • Brain waste estimates are based on Migration Policy Institute analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 ACS data.