E.g., 04/19/2015
E.g., 04/19/2015

State Workforce Data - MI

Michigan

Workforce
2013
2000
1990
Civilian Labor Force

Note: 1) Persons are considered to be in the civilian labor force if they were employed or if they were unemployed but actively looking for work. Persons not in the labor force include homemakers, retirees, students who do not work, and others who are neither working outside the home nor looking for work. Civilian labor force excludes members of the armed forces (Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, and Marines). 2) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 3) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 4) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (16 and older) 574,240
% in the civilian labor force 60.7%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 348,564
% unemployed of the total civilian labor force 8.0%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 320,860
% change: 2000-2013 23.5%
% change: 1990-2000 59.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (16 and older) 7,348,972
% in the civilian labor force 61.2%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 4,497,571
% unemployed of the total civilian labor force 10.0%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 4,048,927
% change: 2000-2011 -7.4%
% change: 1990-2000 9.1%
Foreign Born
Population (16 and older) 471,389
% change: 2000-2011 58.2%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 274,346
% change: 1990-2000 5.3%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 259,832
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (16 and older) 7,157,953
% change: 2000-2011 64.9%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 4,643,226
% change: 1990-2000 5.8%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 4,373,717
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (16 and older) 336,210
% change: 2000-2011 51.8%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 174,035
% change: 1990-2000 6.4%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 162,873
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (16 and older) 6,756,639
% change: 2000-2011 64.7%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 4,370,801
% change: 1990-2000 8.3%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 4,008,803
   
   
Foreign-Born Labor Force by U.S. Citizenship Status

Note: 1) Persons are considered to be in the civilian labor force if they were employed or if they were unemployed but actively looking for work. Persons not in the labor force include homemakers, retirees, students who do not work, and others who are neither working outside the home nor looking for work. Civilian labor force excludes members of the armed forces (Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, and Marines). 2) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 3) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 4) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Naturalized Citizens  
Population (16 and older) 301,549
% in the civilian labor force
60.4%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 182,136
% unemployed of the total civilian labor force 6.4%
Civilian employed workers (age 16 and older) 170,516
Noncitizens  
Population (age 16 and older) 272,691
% in the civilian labor force
61.1%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 166,614
% unemployed of the total civilian labor force
9.7%
Civilian employed workers (age 16 and older) 150,344
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign-Born Workers by Period of Entry and Origin Foreign Born
Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Period of Entry

Note: The total estimate of foreign-born workers here is somewhat different from other Workforce data due to different ACS data sources.

324,187
% recent arrivals (i.e., arrived within the last 10 years)
26.4%
Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Region of Birth

Note: The total estimate of foreign-born workers here is somewhat different from other Workforce data due to different ACS data sources.

324,187
Born in Africa 4.0%
Born in Asia 48.6%
Born in Europe 19.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 20.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 6.7%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Occupations

Note: 1) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Civilian Workers Age 16 and Older 320,860
% Civilian Workers Employed in  
Management, business, science, and arts occupations 43.3%
Service occupations 16.9%
Sales and office occupations 16.6%
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 7.7%
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 15.5%
% Foreign Born by Occupation  
All civilian workers 7.3%
Management, business, science, and arts occupations 9.2%
Service occupations 6.8%
Sales and office occupations 5.0%
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 7.3%
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 7.3%
U.S. Born
Civilian Workers Age 16 and Older 4,048,927
% Civilian Workers Employed in  
Management, business, science, and arts occupations 33.7%
Service occupations 18.3%
Sales and office occupations 24.8%
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 7.7%
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 15.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Industries

Note: 1) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Civilian Workers Age 16 and Older 320,860
% Civilian Workers Employed in  
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 2.1%
Construction 4.4%
Manufacturing 22.5%
Wholesale trade 1.8%
Retail trade 9.4%
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 3.5%
Information 1.1%
Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 4.1%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste-management services 11.4%
Educational services, and health care and social assistance 24.5%
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 9.0%
Other services (except public administration) 4.7%
Public administration 1.5%
% Foreign Born by Industry  
All civilian workers 7.3%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 12.2%
Construction 6.9%
Manufacturing 9.2%
Wholesale trade 5.8%
Retail trade 6.0%
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 6.2%
Information 5.2%
Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 5.4%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste-management services 8.8%
Educational services, and health care and social assistance 7.6%
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 7.0%
Other services (except public administration) 7.2%
Public administration 3.1%
U.S. Born
Civilian Workers Age 16 and Older 4,048,927
% Civilian Workers Employed in  
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 1.2%
Construction 4.7%
Manufacturing 17.5%
Wholesale trade 2.3%
Retail trade 11.6%
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 4.2%
Information 1.6%
Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 5.7%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste-management services 9.4%
Educational services, and health care and social assistance 23.6%
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 9.5%
Other services (except public administration) 4.8%
Public administration 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Class of Worker

Note: 1) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) (%) 320,860
Private wage and salary workers 86.2%
Government workers 8.1%
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business 5.4%
Unpaid family workers 0.3%
U.S. Born
Class of Worker (civilian workers age 16 and older) (%) 4,048,927
Private wage and salary workers 83.3%
Government workers 11.4%
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business 5.2%
Unpaid family workers 0.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 25 and older)
 
 
Labor Force Participation by Language Spoken at Home Number
Total Population (native and foreign born) Age 25 and older 6,645,295
In labor force 4,069,481
Not in labor force 2,575,814
Speak only English 6,072,514
In labor force 3,712,710
Not in labor force 2,359,804
Speak Spanish 160,864
In labor force 108,503
Not in labor force 52,361
Speak other Indo-European languages 192,383
In labor force 113,088
Not in labor force 79,295
Speak Asian and Pacific Island languages 100,919
In labor force 69,025
Not in labor force 31,894
Speak other languages 118,615
In labor force 66,155
Not in labor force 52,460
%
Total Population (native and foreign born) age 25 and older 100%
  In labor force 61.2%
Not in labor force 38.8%
Speak only English 100%
  In labor force 61.1%
Not in labor force 38.9%
Speak Spanish 100%
  In labor force 67.5%
Not in labor force 32.5%
Speak other Indo-European languages 100%
  In labor force 58.8%
Not in labor force 41.2%
Speak Asian and Pacific Island languages 100%
  In labor force 68.4%
Not in labor force 31.6%
Speak other languages 100%
  In labor force 55.8%
Not in labor force 44.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Workers' Education and English Proficiency

Note: 1) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 2) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Civilian Employed Workers (age 25 and older) 297,230
Low-educated workers (i.e., those with high school diploma) 46,224
% low educated of all workers
15.6%
High-educated workers (i.e., those with at least a bachelor's degree) 141,684
% high educated of all workers
47.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Workers (age 25 and older) 105,702
% LEP among all workers
35.6%
U.S. Born
Civilian Workers (age 25 and older) 3,444,446
Low-educated workers (i.e., those with high school diploma) 163,267
% low educated of all workers
4.7%
High-educated workers (i.e., those with at least a bachelor's degree) 1,127,982
% high educated of all workers
32.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Workers (age 25 and older) 12,305
% LEP among all workers
0.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Brain Waste

Note: The terms "brain waste" and "skill underutilization" are used interchangeably and describe a phenomenon when college-educated persons are either unemployed or employed in unskilled jobs, i.e., jobs that require only moderate on-the-job training or less, such as construction laborers, taxi drivers, file clerks, or nannies.

Foreign Born
Skill Underutilization among College-Educated Workers (age 25 and older)*

Note: Estimates are based on Migration Policy Institute analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 ACS data.

 
Total civilian, college-educated labor force, age 25+ 141,142
Number underutilized (i.e., unemployed or employed in low-skilled jobs)
24,228

% of civilian, college-educated labor force, age 25+

17.2%
U.S. Born
Skill Underutilization among College-Educated Workers (age 25 and older)*  
Total civilian, college-educated workers, age 25+ 1,150,079
Number underutilized (i.e., unemployed or employed in low-skilled jobs)
209,921

% of all civilian, college-educated workers, age 25+

18.3%
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Persons are considered to be in the civilian labor force if they were employed or if they were unemployed but actively looking for work. Persons not in the labor force include homemakers, retirees, students who do not work, and others who are neither working outside the home nor looking for work. Civilian labor force excludes members of the armed forces (Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, and Marines). Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.
  • The terms "brain waste" and "skill underutilization" are used interchangeably and describe a phenomenon when college-educated persons are either unemployed or employed in unskilled jobs, i.e., jobs that require only moderate on-the-job training or less, such as construction laborers, taxi drivers, file clerks, or nannies.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Civilian Labor Force,” “Foreign-Born Labor Force by U.S. Citizenship Status,” “Occupations,” “Industries,” and “Class of Worker,”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi,  South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.
  • For “Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Period of Entry,” “Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Region of Birth,” and “Workers' Education and English Proficiency (age 25 and older)”: The total estimate of foreign-born workers here is somewhat different from other Workforce data due to different ACS data sources. These three indicators are based on Migration Policy Institute analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's 2013 ACS data.
  • Brain waste estimates are based on Migration Policy Institute analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 ACS data.