E.g., 02/01/2015
E.g., 02/01/2015

State Workforce Data - GA

Georgia

Workforce
2013
2000
1990
Civilian Labor Force

Note: 1) Persons are considered to be in the civilian labor force if they were employed or if they were unemployed but actively looking for work. Persons not in the labor force include homemakers, retirees, students who do not work, and others who are neither working outside the home nor looking for work. Civilian labor force excludes members of the armed forces (Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, and Marines). 2) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 3) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 4) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (16 and older) 914,682
% in the civilian labor force 69.4%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 634,789
% unemployed of the total civilian labor force 7.9%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 584,546
% change: 2000-2013 75.2%
% change: 1990-2000 217.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (16 and older) 6,865,158
% in the civilian labor force 61.3%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 4,208,342
% unemployed of the total civilian labor force 10.6%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 3,763,293
% change: 2000-2011 7.0%
% change: 1990-2000 17.6%
Foreign Born
Population (16 and older) 520,438
% change: 2000-2011 67.7%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 352,116
% change: 1990-2000 5.2%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 333,679
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (16 and older) 5,732,570
% change: 2000-2011 64.9%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 3,717,953
% change: 1990-2000 5.4%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 3,515,685
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (16 and older) 157,747
% change: 2000-2011 70.4%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 111,063
% change: 1990-2000 5.4%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 105,075
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (16 and older) 4,774,105
% change: 2000-2011 66.4%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 3,168,357
% change: 1990-2000 5.6%
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) 2,989,668
   
   
Foreign-Born Labor Force by U.S. Citizenship Status

Note: 1) Persons are considered to be in the civilian labor force if they were employed or if they were unemployed but actively looking for work. Persons not in the labor force include homemakers, retirees, students who do not work, and others who are neither working outside the home nor looking for work. Civilian labor force excludes members of the armed forces (Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, and Marines). 2) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 3) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 4) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Naturalized Citizens  
Population (16 and older) 359,714
% in the civilian labor force
68.9%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 247,843
% unemployed of the total civilian labor force 7.4%
Civilian employed workers (age 16 and older) 229,524
Noncitizens  
Population (age 16 and older) 554,968
% in the civilian labor force
69.7%
Civilian labor force (age 16 and older) 386,813
% unemployed of the total civilian labor force
8.2%
Civilian employed workers (age 16 and older) 355,022
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign-Born Workers by Period of Entry and Origin Foreign Born
Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Period of Entry

Note: The total estimate of foreign-born workers here is somewhat different from other Workforce data due to different ACS data sources.

585,778
% recent arrivals (i.e., arrived within the last 10 years)
28.6%
Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Region of Birth

Note: The total estimate of foreign-born workers here is somewhat different from other Workforce data due to different ACS data sources.

585,778
Born in Africa 8.5%
Born in Asia 26.2%
Born in Europe 8.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 55.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.6%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Occupations

Note: 1) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Civilian Workers Age 16 and Older 584,546
% Civilian Workers Employed in  
Management, business, science, and arts occupations 28.1%
Service occupations 23.5%
Sales and office occupations 16.8%
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 15.9%
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 15.7%
% Foreign Born by Occupation  
All civilian workers 13.4%
Management, business, science, and arts occupations 10.6%
Service occupations 17.8%
Sales and office occupations 9.2%
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 23.8%
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 16.1%
U.S. Born
Civilian Workers Age 16 and Older 3,763,293
% Civilian Workers Employed in  
Management, business, science, and arts occupations 36.7%
Service occupations 16.8%
Sales and office occupations 25.9%
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 7.9%
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 12.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Industries

Note: 1) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Civilian Workers Age 16 and Older 584,546
% Civilian Workers Employed in  
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 2.4%
Construction 12.8%
Manufacturing 12.3%
Wholesale trade 3.2%
Retail trade 10.1%
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 3.8%
Information 1.9%
Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 4.4%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste-management services 13.7%
Educational services, and health care and social assistance 13.5%
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 12.4%
Other services (except public administration) 7.4%
Public administration 2.1%
% Foreign Born by Industry  
All civilian workers 13.4%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 25.3%
Construction 27.3%
Manufacturing 15.6%
Wholesale trade 14.6%
Retail trade 11.5%
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 8.7%
Information 9.9%
Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 9.0%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste-management services 16.5%
Educational services, and health care and social assistance 8.7%
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 17.5%
Other services (except public administration) 19.7%
Public administration 5.2%
U.S. Born
Civilian Workers Age 16 and Older 3,763,293
% Civilian Workers Employed in  
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 1.1%
Construction 5.3%
Manufacturing 10.3%
Wholesale trade 2.9%
Retail trade 12.1%
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 6.2%
Information 2.7%
Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 6.9%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste-management services 10.8%
Educational services, and health care and social assistance 22.1%
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services 9.1%
Other services (except public administration) 4.7%
Public administration 5.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Class of Worker

Note: 1) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) (%) 584,546
Private wage and salary workers 85.3%
Government workers 6.2%
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business 8.2%
Unpaid family workers 0.3%
U.S. Born
Class of Worker (civilian workers age 16 and older) (%) 3,763,293
Private wage and salary workers 78.3%
Government workers 16.5%
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business 5.1%
Unpaid family workers 0.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 25 and older)
 
 
Labor Force Participation by Language Spoken at Home Number
Total Population (native and foreign born) Age 25 and older 6,472,172
In labor force 4,185,595
Not in labor force 2,286,577
Speak only English 5,643,818
In labor force 3,583,472
Not in labor force 2,060,346
Speak Spanish 444,267
In labor force 337,833
Not in labor force 106,434
Speak other Indo-European languages 178,901
In labor force 121,678
Not in labor force 57,223
Speak Asian and Pacific Island languages 149,361
In labor force 101,787
Not in labor force 47,574
Speak other languages 55,825
In labor force 40,825
Not in labor force 15,000
%
Total Population (native and foreign born) age 25 and older 100%
  In labor force 64.7%
Not in labor force 35.3%
Speak only English 100%
  In labor force 63.5%
Not in labor force 36.5%
Speak Spanish 100%
  In labor force 76.0%
Not in labor force 24.0%
Speak other Indo-European languages 100%
  In labor force 68.0%
Not in labor force 32.0%
Speak Asian and Pacific Island languages 100%
  In labor force 68.1%
Not in labor force 31.9%
Speak other languages 100%
  In labor force 73.1%
Not in labor force 26.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Workers' Education and English Proficiency

Note: 1) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 2) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Civilian Employed Workers (age 25 and older) 540,270
Low-educated workers (i.e., those with high school diploma) 156,303
% low educated of all workers
28.9%
High-educated workers (i.e., those with at least a bachelor's degree) 170,881
% high educated of all workers
31.6%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Workers (age 25 and older) 261,745
% LEP among all workers
48.4%
U.S. Born
Civilian Workers (age 25 and older) 3,285,028
Low-educated workers (i.e., those with high school diploma) 206,039
% low educated of all workers
6.3%
High-educated workers (i.e., those with at least a bachelor's degree) 1,170,330
% high educated of all workers
35.6%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Workers (age 25 and older) 16,891
% LEP among all workers
0.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Brain Waste

Note: The terms "brain waste" and "skill underutilization" are used interchangeably and describe a phenomenon when college-educated persons are either unemployed or employed in unskilled jobs, i.e., jobs that require only moderate on-the-job training or less, such as construction laborers, taxi drivers, file clerks, or nannies.

Foreign Born
Skill Underutilization among College-Educated Workers (age 25 and older)*

Note: Estimates are based on Migration Policy Institute analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 ACS data.

 
Total civilian, college-educated labor force, age 25+ 177,134
Number underutilized (i.e., unemployed or employed in low-skilled jobs)
37,320

% of civilian, college-educated labor force, age 25+

21.1%
U.S. Born
Skill Underutilization among College-Educated Workers (age 25 and older)*  
Total civilian, college-educated workers, age 25+ 1,202,126
Number underutilized (i.e., unemployed or employed in low-skilled jobs)
202,327

% of all civilian, college-educated workers, age 25+

16.8%
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Persons are considered to be in the civilian labor force if they were employed or if they were unemployed but actively looking for work. Persons not in the labor force include homemakers, retirees, students who do not work, and others who are neither working outside the home nor looking for work. Civilian labor force excludes members of the armed forces (Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, and Marines). Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.
  • The terms "brain waste" and "skill underutilization" are used interchangeably and describe a phenomenon when college-educated persons are either unemployed or employed in unskilled jobs, i.e., jobs that require only moderate on-the-job training or less, such as construction laborers, taxi drivers, file clerks, or nannies.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Civilian Labor Force,” “Foreign-Born Labor Force by U.S. Citizenship Status,” “Occupations,” “Industries,” and “Class of Worker,”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi,  South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.
  • For “Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Period of Entry,” “Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Region of Birth,” and “Workers' Education and English Proficiency (age 25 and older)”: The total estimate of foreign-born workers here is somewhat different from other Workforce data due to different ACS data sources. These three indicators are based on Migration Policy Institute analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's 2013 ACS data.
  • Brain waste estimates are based on Migration Policy Institute analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 ACS data.