E.g., 10/01/2014
E.g., 10/01/2014

State Language Data - oh

Ohio

Language & Education
2012
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 446,819
Speak only English 22.4%
Speak English "very well" 40.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 39.6%
% change: 1990-2000 55.6%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 230,585
Speak only English 28.8%
Speak English "very well" 42.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29.1%
Noncitizens 216,234
Speak only English 15.5%
Speak English "very well" 38.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 10,407,351
Speak only English 96.4%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -24.9%
% change: 1990-2000 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 333,271
Speak only English 25.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 38.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 10,266,697
Speak only English 96.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 253,569
Speak only English 33.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 9,794,684
Speak only English 96.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,969,870
Speak only English 1,831,367
Speak language other than English 138,503
Speak English "very well"
102,338
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
36,165
Speak Spanish 58,681
Speak English "very well"
43,464
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
15,217
Ages 18-64 7,176,732
Speak only English 6,674,631
Speak language other than English 502,101
Speak English "very well"
321,864
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
180,237
Speak Spanish 172,236
Speak English "very well"
103,270
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
68,966
65 and Older 1,707,568
Speak only English 1,624,386
Speak language other than English 83,182
Speak English "very well"
46,795
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
36,387
Speak Spanish 15,214
Speak English "very well"
8,555
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
6,659
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 93.0%
Speak language other than English 7.0%
Speak English "very well" 5.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.8%
Speak Spanish 3.0%
Speak English "very well" 2.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 93.0%
Speak language other than English 7.0%
Speak English "very well" 4.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.5%
Speak Spanish 2.4%
Speak English "very well" 1.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.1%
Speak language other than English 4.9%
Speak English "very well" 2.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.1%
Speak Spanish 0.9%
Speak English "very well" 0.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 10,854,170
Speak only English 10,130,384
Speak language other than English 723,786
Spanish or Spanish Creole 246,131
Speak English "very well" 155,289
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 90,842
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 28,958
Speak English "very well" 22,854
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,104
French Creole 3,391
Speak English "very well" 2,512
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 879
Italian 15,894
Speak English "very well" 10,948
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,946
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 2,625
Speak English "very well" 1,934
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 691
German 50,416
Speak English "very well" 36,354
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,062
Yiddish 671
Speak English "very well" 579
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 92
Other West Germanic Languages 42,801
Speak English "very well" 27,992
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,809
Scandinavian Languages 1,187
Speak English "very well" 995
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 192
Greek 11,147
Speak English "very well" 8,406
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,741
Russian 17,961
Speak English "very well" 9,205
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,756
Polish 9,410
Speak English "very well" 6,278
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,132
Serbo-Croatian 12,305
Speak English "very well" 7,870
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,435
Other Slavic Languages 14,414
Speak English "very well" 10,347
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,067
Armenian 187
Speak English "very well" 187
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 3,724
Speak English "very well" 2,774
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 950
Gujarati 7,040
Speak English "very well" 4,510
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,530
Hindi 14,368
Speak English "very well" 12,605
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,763
Urdu 5,438
Speak English "very well" 4,342
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,096
Other Indic Languages 12,821
Speak English "very well" 8,519
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,302
Other Indo-European Languages 15,344
Speak English "very well" 9,195
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,149
Chinese 40,880
Speak English "very well" 18,769
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22,111
Japanese 8,557
Speak English "very well" 4,974
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,583
Korean 11,189
Speak English "very well" 6,196
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,993
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 5,004
Speak English "very well" 2,868
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,136
Hmong 375
Speak English "very well" 268
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 107
Thai 2,947
Speak English "very well" 1,688
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,259
Laotian 4,574
Speak English "very well" 2,437
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,137
Vietnamese 11,343
Speak English "very well" 4,880
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,463
Other Asian Languages 23,458
Speak English "very well" 18,132
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,326
Tagalog 9,577
Speak English "very well" 6,872
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,705
Other Pacific Island Languages 2,348
Speak English "very well" 1,401
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 947
Navajo 394
Speak English "very well" 394
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 1,429
Speak English "very well" 1,179
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 250
Hungarian 6,622
Speak English "very well" 4,518
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,104
Arabic 35,679
Speak English "very well" 24,309
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,370
Hebrew 2,744
Speak English "very well" 2,376
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 368
African Languages 39,820
Speak English "very well" 25,582
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,238
Other and Unspecified Languages 613
Speak English "very well" 459
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 154
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.3%
Field 308 6.7%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 63.1%
Field 310 36.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 78.9%
Field 315 21.1%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 74.1%
Field 316 25.9%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 68.9%
Field 319 31.1%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 73.7%
Field 322 26.3%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 72.1%
Field 325 27.9%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 86.3%
Field 328 13.7%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 65.4%
Field 331 34.6%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 83.8%
Field 334 16.2%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 75.4%
Field 337 24.6%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 51.2%
Field 340 48.8%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 66.7%
Field 343 33.3%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 64.0%
Field 346 36.0%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 71.8%
Field 349 28.2%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 74.5%
Field 355 25.5%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 64.1%
Field 358 35.9%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 87.7%
Field 361 12.3%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 79.8%
Field 364 20.2%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 66.4%
Field 367 33.6%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 59.9%
Field 370 40.1%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 45.9%
Field 373 54.1%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 58.1%
Field 376 41.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 55.4%
Field 379 44.6%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 57.3%
Field 382 42.7%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 71.5%
Field 385 28.5%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 57.3%
Field 388 42.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 53.3%
Field 391 46.7%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 43.0%
Field 394 57.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 77.3%
Field 397 22.7%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 71.8%
Field 400 28.2%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 59.7%
Field 403 40.3%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 82.5%
Field 409 17.5%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 68.2%
Field 412 31.8%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 68.1%
Field 415 31.9%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 86.6%
Field 418 13.4%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 64.2%
Field 421 35.8%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 74.9%
Field 424 25.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 372,469
Less than high school diploma 18.9%
High school diploma or GED 21.5%
Some college or associate's degree 19.8%
Bachelor's degree 19.8%
Graduate or professional degree 20.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.6%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2012 9.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -11.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2012 42.0%
% change: 1990-2000 69.9%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 206,028
Less than high school diploma 15.8%
High school diploma or GED 22.3%
Some college or associate's degree 21.4%
Bachelor's degree 20.1%
Graduate or professional degree 20.5%
Noncitizens (%) 166,441
Less than high school diploma 22.9%
High school diploma or GED 20.5%
Some college or associate's degree 17.8%
Bachelor's degree 19.5%
Graduate or professional degree 19.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 7,398,247
Less than high school diploma 10.8%
High school diploma or GED 35.2%
Some college or associate's degree 29.4%
Bachelor's degree 15.8%
Graduate or professional degree 8.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -33.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -25.9%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 24.9%
% change: 1990-2000 31.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 282,925
Less than high school diploma 22.9%
High school diploma or GED 21.1%
Some college or associate's degree 19.2%
Bachelor's degree 17.7%
Graduate or professional degree 19.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 7,120,879
Less than high school diploma 16.8%
High school diploma or GED 36.7%
Some college or associate's degree 26.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.5%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 221,320
Less than high school diploma 33.2%
High school diploma or GED 21.6%
Some college or associate's degree 17.4%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 14.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,687,905
Less than high school diploma 24.1%
High school diploma or GED 36.9%
Some college or associate's degree 22.5%
Bachelor's degree 11.0%
Graduate or professional degree 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status” : Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.