E.g., 11/29/2014
E.g., 11/29/2014

State Language Data - TN

Tennessee

Language & Education
2012
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 288,751
Speak only English 18.0%
Speak English "very well" 36.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 83.8%
% change: 1990-2000 394.4%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 104,601
Speak only English 27.9%
Speak English "very well" 43.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28.4%
Noncitizens 184,150
Speak only English 12.3%
Speak English "very well" 32.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 55.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,767,469
Speak only English 97.1%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -22.8%
% change: 1990-2000 29.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 155,547
Speak only English 20.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 34.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,160,373
Speak only English 97.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 57,861
Speak only English 37.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 37.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,471,431
Speak only English 97.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,094,194
Speak only English 1,003,304
Speak language other than English 90,890
Speak English "very well"
74,040
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
16,850
Speak Spanish 63,196
Speak English "very well"
51,193
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,003
Ages 18-64 4,041,305
Speak only English 3,752,837
Speak language other than English 288,468
Speak English "very well"
157,892
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
130,576
Speak Spanish 163,008
Speak English "very well"
76,375
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
86,633
65 and Older 920,721
Speak only English 893,293
Speak language other than English 27,428
Speak English "very well"
15,274
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,154
Speak Spanish 9,317
Speak English "very well"
5,728
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,589
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 91.7%
Speak language other than English 8.3%
Speak English "very well" 6.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.5%
Speak Spanish 5.8%
Speak English "very well" 4.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.1%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 92.9%
Speak language other than English 7.1%
Speak English "very well" 3.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.2%
Speak Spanish 4.0%
Speak English "very well" 1.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.1%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 97.0%
Speak language other than English 3.0%
Speak English "very well" 1.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.3%
Speak Spanish 1.0%
Speak English "very well" 0.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 6,056,220
Speak only English 5,649,434
Speak language other than English 406,786
Spanish or Spanish Creole 235,521
Speak English "very well" 133,296
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 102,225
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 12,643
Speak English "very well" 9,480
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,163
French Creole 2,161
Speak English "very well" 1,848
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 313
Italian 2,646
Speak English "very well" 2,296
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 350
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 1,512
Speak English "very well" 1,265
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 247
German 14,502
Speak English "very well" 12,192
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,310
Yiddish 31
Speak English "very well" 31
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 4,410
Speak English "very well" 4,229
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 181
Scandinavian Languages 705
Speak English "very well" 645
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 60
Greek 864
Speak English "very well" 567
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 297
Russian 4,127
Speak English "very well" 2,794
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,333
Polish 1,605
Speak English "very well" 1,404
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 201
Serbo-Croatian 2,134
Speak English "very well" 1,283
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 851
Other Slavic Languages 2,449
Speak English "very well" 1,701
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 748
Armenian 879
Speak English "very well" 406
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 473
Persian 3,200
Speak English "very well" 1,911
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,289
Gujarati 3,216
Speak English "very well" 1,836
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,380
Hindi 5,130
Speak English "very well" 3,814
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,316
Urdu 1,879
Speak English "very well" 1,641
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 238
Other Indic Languages 11,142
Speak English "very well" 6,197
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,945
Other Indo-European Languages 5,982
Speak English "very well" 4,091
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,891
Chinese 13,166
Speak English "very well" 7,870
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,296
Japanese 4,186
Speak English "very well" 2,288
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,898
Korean 9,108
Speak English "very well" 4,714
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,394
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 978
Speak English "very well" 464
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 514
Hmong 268
Speak English "very well" 167
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 101
Thai 1,650
Speak English "very well" 1,151
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 499
Laotian 5,541
Speak English "very well" 3,369
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,172
Vietnamese 10,404
Speak English "very well" 3,666
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,738
Other Asian Languages 6,873
Speak English "very well" 4,669
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,204
Tagalog 4,101
Speak English "very well" 3,075
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,026
Other Pacific Island Languages 1,429
Speak English "very well" 969
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 460
Navajo 94
Speak English "very well" 94
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 1,662
Speak English "very well" 1,532
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 130
Hungarian 467
Speak English "very well" 445
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22
Arabic 16,718
Speak English "very well" 10,090
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,628
Hebrew 1,706
Speak English "very well" 1,660
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46
African Languages 10,808
Speak English "very well" 7,512
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,296
Other and Unspecified Languages 889
Speak English "very well" 544
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 345
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.3%
Field 308 6.7%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 56.6%
Field 310 43.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 75.0%
Field 315 25.0%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 85.5%
Field 316 14.5%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 86.8%
Field 319 13.2%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 83.7%
Field 322 16.3%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 84.1%
Field 325 15.9%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 95.9%
Field 331 4.1%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 91.5%
Field 334 8.5%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 65.6%
Field 337 34.4%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 67.7%
Field 340 32.3%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 87.5%
Field 343 12.5%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 60.1%
Field 346 39.9%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 69.5%
Field 349 30.5%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 46.2%
Field 352 53.8%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 59.7%
Field 355 40.3%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 57.1%
Field 358 42.9%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 74.3%
Field 361 25.7%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 87.3%
Field 364 12.7%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 55.6%
Field 367 44.4%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 68.4%
Field 370 31.6%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 59.8%
Field 373 40.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 54.7%
Field 376 45.3%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 51.8%
Field 379 48.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 47.4%
Field 382 52.6%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 62.3%
Field 385 37.7%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 69.8%
Field 388 30.2%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 60.8%
Field 391 39.2%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 35.2%
Field 394 64.8%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 67.9%
Field 397 32.1%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 75.0%
Field 400 25.0%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 67.8%
Field 403 32.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 92.2%
Field 409 7.8%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 95.3%
Field 412 4.7%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 60.4%
Field 415 39.6%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 97.3%
Field 418 2.7%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 69.5%
Field 421 30.5%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 61.2%
Field 424 38.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 234,675
Less than high school diploma 29.4%
High school diploma or GED 23.5%
Some college or associate's degree 17.1%
Bachelor's degree 16.0%
Graduate or professional degree 13.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 10.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.7%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2012 106.7%
% change: 1990-2000 265.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2012 96.1%
% change: 1990-2000 119.8%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 93,130
Less than high school diploma 14%
High school diploma or GED 22.6%
Some college or associate's degree 23.4%
Bachelor's degree 21.9%
Graduate or professional degree 18.1%
Noncitizens (%) 141,545
Less than high school diploma 39.5%
High school diploma or GED 24.2%
Some college or associate's degree 12.9%
Bachelor's degree 12.1%
Graduate or professional degree 11.2%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,101,798
Less than high school diploma 14.0%
High school diploma or GED 33.6%
Some college or associate's degree 28.4%
Bachelor's degree 15.7%
Graduate or professional degree 8.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -33.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.4%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 40.1%
% change: 1990-2000 44.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 113,901
Less than high school diploma 29.3%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 19.9%
Bachelor's degree 15.7%
Graduate or professional degree 15.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 3.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,630,845
Less than high school diploma 24.0%
High school diploma or GED 31.8%
Some college or associate's degree 24.9%
Bachelor's degree 12.7%
Graduate or professional degree 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 45,984
Less than high school diploma 19.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.4%
Some college or associate's degree 22.3%
Bachelor's degree 18.2%
Graduate or professional degree 17.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 0.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,082,581
Less than high school diploma 33.0%
High school diploma or GED 30.3%
Some college or associate's degree 20.9%
Bachelor's degree 10.5%
Graduate or professional degree 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status” : Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.