E.g., 07/08/2015
E.g., 07/08/2015

State Language Data - TN

Tennessee

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 301,962
Speak only English 19.4%
Speak English "very well" 35.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 90.8%
% change: 1990-2000 394.4%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 113,679
Speak only English 26.5%
Speak English "very well" 44.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28.6%
Noncitizens 188,283
Speak only English 15%
Speak English "very well" 30%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 55.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,796,808
Speak only English 97.4%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -29.4%
% change: 1990-2000 29.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 155,547
Speak only English 20.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 34.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,160,373
Speak only English 97.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 57,861
Speak only English 37.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 37.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,471,431
Speak only English 97.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,094,873
Speak only English 1,008,542
Speak language other than English 86,331
Speak English "very well"
70,369
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
15,962
Speak Spanish 59,262
Speak English "very well"
47,967
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,295
Ages 18-64 4,053,707
Speak only English 3,767,125
Speak language other than English 286,582
Speak English "very well"
149,582
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
137,000
Speak Spanish 160,882
Speak English "very well"
70,297
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
90,585
65 and Older 950,190
Speak only English 928,631
Speak language other than English 21,559
Speak English "very well"
12,391
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
9,168
Speak Spanish 6,129
Speak English "very well"
2,977
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,152
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 92.1%
Speak language other than English 7.9%
Speak English "very well" 6.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.5%
Speak Spanish 5.4%
Speak English "very well" 4.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 92.9%
Speak language other than English 7.1%
Speak English "very well" 3.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.4%
Speak Spanish 4.0%
Speak English "very well" 1.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 97.7%
Speak language other than English 2.3%
Speak English "very well" 1.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Speak Spanish 0.6%
Speak English "very well" 0.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 6,098,770
Speak only English 5,704,298
Speak language other than English 394,472
Spanish or Spanish Creole 226,273
Speak English "very well" 121,241
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 105,032
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 11,276
Speak English "very well" 8,924
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,352
French Creole 2,455
Speak English "very well" 1,893
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 562
Italian 2,419
Speak English "very well" 2,285
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 134
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 2,634
Speak English "very well" 2,106
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 528
German 11,742
Speak English "very well" 10,237
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,505
Yiddish 147
Speak English "very well" 147
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 1,828
Speak English "very well" 1,499
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 329
Scandinavian Languages 847
Speak English "very well" 740
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 107
Greek 934
Speak English "very well" 692
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 242
Russian 3,877
Speak English "very well" 2,928
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 949
Polish 650
Speak English "very well" 435
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 215
Serbo-Croatian 2,301
Speak English "very well" 1,436
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 865
Other Slavic Languages 654
Speak English "very well" 582
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 72
Armenian 82
Speak English "very well" 82
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 2,120
Speak English "very well" 1,266
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 854
Gujarati 6,343
Speak English "very well" 4,477
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,866
Hindi 7,096
Speak English "very well" 5,118
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,978
Urdu 1,576
Speak English "very well" 1,271
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 305
Other Indic Languages 7,407
Speak English "very well" 3,548
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,859
Other Indo-European Languages 5,326
Speak English "very well" 3,070
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,256
Chinese 13,577
Speak English "very well" 8,227
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,350
Japanese 2,749
Speak English "very well" 1,654
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,095
Korean 8,481
Speak English "very well" 4,765
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,716
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 821
Speak English "very well" 416
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 405
Hmong 83
Speak English "very well" 83
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 768
Speak English "very well" 349
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 419
Laotian 5,911
Speak English "very well" 3,366
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,545
Vietnamese 9,656
Speak English "very well" 3,285
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,371
Other Asian Languages 6,445
Speak English "very well" 4,643
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,802
Tagalog 6,442
Speak English "very well" 4,463
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,979
Other Pacific Island Languages 1,037
Speak English "very well" 677
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 360
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 233
Speak English "very well" 233
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hungarian 1,453
Speak English "very well" 1,042
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 411
Arabic 25,381
Speak English "very well" 15,984
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,397
Hebrew 666
Speak English "very well" 473
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 193
African Languages 11,919
Speak English "very well" 8,195
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,724
Other and Unspecified Languages 863
Speak English "very well" 510
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 353
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.5%
Field 308 6.5%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 53.6%
Field 310 46.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 79.1%
Field 315 20.9%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 77.1%
Field 316 22.9%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 94.5%
Field 319 5.5%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 80.0%
Field 322 20.0%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 87.2%
Field 325 12.8%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 82.0%
Field 331 18.0%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 87.4%
Field 334 12.6%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 74.1%
Field 337 25.9%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 75.5%
Field 340 24.5%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 66.9%
Field 343 33.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 62.4%
Field 346 37.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 89.0%
Field 349 11.0%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 59.7%
Field 355 40.3%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 70.6%
Field 358 29.4%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 72.1%
Field 361 27.9%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 80.6%
Field 364 19.4%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 47.9%
Field 367 52.1%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 57.6%
Field 370 42.4%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 60.6%
Field 373 39.4%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 60.2%
Field 376 39.8%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 56.2%
Field 379 43.8%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 50.7%
Field 382 49.3%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 100.0%
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 45.4%
Field 388 54.6%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 56.9%
Field 391 43.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 34.0%
Field 394 66.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 72.0%
Field 397 28.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 69.3%
Field 400 30.7%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 65.3%
Field 403 34.7%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 71.7%
Field 412 28.3%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 63.0%
Field 415 37.0%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 71.0%
Field 418 29.0%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 68.8%
Field 421 31.2%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 59.1%
Field 424 40.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 246,841
Less than high school diploma 31.8%
High school diploma or GED 21.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.3%
Bachelor's degree 16.1%
Graduate or professional degree 12.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 12.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.5%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 135.2%
% change: 1990-2000 265.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 97.6%
% change: 1990-2000 119.8%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 96,541
Less than high school diploma 15.3%
High school diploma or GED 20.8%
Some college or associate's degree 24.9%
Bachelor's degree 21.9%
Graduate or professional degree 17.1%
Noncitizens (%) 150,300
Less than high school diploma 42.4%
High school diploma or GED 21.5%
Some college or associate's degree 14%
Bachelor's degree 12.4%
Graduate or professional degree 9.7%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,123,194
Less than high school diploma 13.4%
High school diploma or GED 33.6%
Some college or associate's degree 28.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 9.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -36.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.4%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 44.2%
% change: 1990-2000 44.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 113,901
Less than high school diploma 29.3%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 19.9%
Bachelor's degree 15.7%
Graduate or professional degree 15.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 3.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,630,845
Less than high school diploma 24.0%
High school diploma or GED 31.8%
Some college or associate's degree 24.9%
Bachelor's degree 12.7%
Graduate or professional degree 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 45,984
Less than high school diploma 19.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.4%
Some college or associate's degree 22.3%
Bachelor's degree 18.2%
Graduate or professional degree 17.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 0.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,082,581
Less than high school diploma 33.0%
High school diploma or GED 30.3%
Some college or associate's degree 20.9%
Bachelor's degree 10.5%
Graduate or professional degree 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.