E.g., 03/04/2015
E.g., 03/04/2015

State Language Data - OK

Oklahoma

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 216,175
Speak only English 13.6%
Speak English "very well" 32.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 53.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 78.7%
% change: 1990-2000 178.4%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 75,902
Speak only English 22.4%
Speak English "very well" 40.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.4%
Noncitizens 140,273
Speak only English 8.8%
Speak English "very well" 28.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 62.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,371,706
Speak only English 95.1%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -22.1%
% change: 1990-2000 20.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 129,664
Speak only English 17.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,086,055
Speak only English 95.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 63,588
Speak only English 26.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,850,524
Speak only English 96.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 685,145
Speak only English 605,058
Speak language other than English 80,087
Speak English "very well"
63,100
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
16,987
Speak Spanish 63,513
Speak English "very well"
51,989
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,524
Ages 18-64 2,354,809
Speak only English 2,104,579
Speak language other than English 250,230
Speak English "very well"
134,507
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
115,723
Speak Spanish 169,251
Speak English "very well"
80,969
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
88,282
65 and Older 547,927
Speak only English 524,853
Speak language other than English 23,074
Speak English "very well"
12,925
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,149
Speak Spanish 9,519
Speak English "very well"
3,950
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,569
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 88.3%
Speak language other than English 11.7%
Speak English "very well" 9.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.5%
Speak Spanish 9.3%
Speak English "very well" 7.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.7%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 89.4%
Speak language other than English 10.6%
Speak English "very well" 5.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.9%
Speak Spanish 7.2%
Speak English "very well" 3.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.7%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.8%
Speak language other than English 4.2%
Speak English "very well" 2.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Speak Spanish 1.7%
Speak English "very well" 0.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 3,587,881
Speak only English 3,234,490
Speak language other than English 353,391
Spanish or Spanish Creole 242,283
Speak English "very well" 136,908
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 105,375
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 5,791
Speak English "very well" 4,837
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 954
French Creole 657
Speak English "very well" 544
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 113
Italian 1,216
Speak English "very well" 1,079
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 137
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 984
Speak English "very well" 673
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 311
German 9,653
Speak English "very well" 7,807
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,846
Yiddish 31
Speak English "very well" 31
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 825
Speak English "very well" 675
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 150
Scandinavian Languages 250
Speak English "very well" 222
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28
Greek 857
Speak English "very well" 718
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 139
Russian 2,420
Speak English "very well" 1,930
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 490
Polish 471
Speak English "very well" 336
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 135
Serbo-Croatian 296
Speak English "very well" 129
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 167
Other Slavic Languages 196
Speak English "very well" 175
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21
Armenian 49
Speak English "very well" 49
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 1,785
Speak English "very well" 1,299
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 486
Gujarati 523
Speak English "very well" 62
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 461
Hindi 1,574
Speak English "very well" 1,295
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 279
Urdu 1,744
Speak English "very well" 1,201
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 543
Other Indic Languages 2,212
Speak English "very well" 1,201
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,011
Other Indo-European Languages 1,644
Speak English "very well" 1,372
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 272
Chinese 9,817
Speak English "very well" 5,085
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,732
Japanese 1,988
Speak English "very well" 1,156
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 832
Korean 5,204
Speak English "very well" 3,041
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,163
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hmong 1,943
Speak English "very well" 1,499
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 444
Thai 594
Speak English "very well" 154
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 440
Laotian 720
Speak English "very well" 274
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 446
Vietnamese 15,811
Speak English "very well" 5,731
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,080
Other Asian Languages 9,435
Speak English "very well" 4,990
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,445
Tagalog 3,218
Speak English "very well" 2,381
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 837
Other Pacific Island Languages 3,758
Speak English "very well" 2,017
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,741
Navajo 289
Speak English "very well" 143
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 146
Other Native North American Languages 14,436
Speak English "very well" 12,887
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,549
Hungarian 271
Speak English "very well" 271
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Arabic 4,252
Speak English "very well" 3,487
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 765
Hebrew 381
Speak English "very well" 354
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27
African Languages 5,337
Speak English "very well" 4,337
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,000
Other and Unspecified Languages 476
Speak English "very well" 182
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 294
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 90.2%
Field 308 9.8%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 56.5%
Field 310 43.5%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 83.5%
Field 315 16.5%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 82.8%
Field 316 17.2%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 88.7%
Field 319 11.3%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 68.4%
Field 322 31.6%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 80.9%
Field 325 19.1%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 81.8%
Field 331 18.2%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 88.8%
Field 334 11.2%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 83.8%
Field 337 16.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 79.8%
Field 340 20.2%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 71.3%
Field 343 28.7%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 43.6%
Field 346 56.4%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 89.3%
Field 349 10.7%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 72.8%
Field 355 27.2%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 11.9%
Field 358 88.1%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 82.3%
Field 361 17.7%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 68.9%
Field 364 31.1%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 54.3%
Field 367 45.7%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 83.5%
Field 370 16.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 51.8%
Field 373 48.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 58.1%
Field 376 41.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 58.4%
Field 379 41.6%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 N
Field 382 N
Field 385 100%
Field 385 77.1%
Field 385 22.9%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 25.9%
Field 388 74.1%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 38.1%
Field 391 61.9%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 36.2%
Field 394 63.8%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 52.9%
Field 397 47.1%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 74.0%
Field 400 26.0%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 53.7%
Field 403 46.3%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 49.5%
Field 406 50.5%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 89.3%
Field 409 10.7%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 100.0%
Field 412 N
Field 415 100%
Field 415 82.0%
Field 415 18.0%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 92.9%
Field 418 7.1%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 81.3%
Field 421 18.7%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 38.2%
Field 424 61.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 173,783
Less than high school diploma 41.0%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 15.5%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 21.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.5%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 96.8%
% change: 1990-2000 123.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 54.1%
% change: 1990-2000 62.3%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 67,393
Less than high school diploma 26.9%
High school diploma or GED 25.9%
Some college or associate's degree 19.8%
Bachelor's degree 16.6%
Graduate or professional degree 10.7%
Noncitizens (%) 106,390
Less than high school diploma 49.9%
High school diploma or GED 23.8%
Some college or associate's degree 12.7%
Bachelor's degree 7.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,332,654
Less than high school diploma 11.2%
High school diploma or GED 32.9%
Some college or associate's degree 31.8%
Bachelor's degree 16.5%
Graduate or professional degree 7.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -33.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -20.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 33.0%
% change: 1990-2000 24.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 92,075
Less than high school diploma 39.3%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.0%
Bachelor's degree 12.6%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,109,077
Less than high school diploma 18.6%
High school diploma or GED 32.2%
Some college or associate's degree 29.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.4%
Graduate or professional degree 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 49,487
Less than high school diploma 32.7%
High school diploma or GED 20.0%
Some college or associate's degree 20.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 12.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 3.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,940,646
Less than high school diploma 25.5%
High school diploma or GED 30.6%
Some college or associate's degree 26.4%
Bachelor's degree 11.8%
Graduate or professional degree 5.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.