E.g., 09/30/2014
E.g., 09/30/2014

State Language Data - OK

Oklahoma

Language & Education
2012
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 211,547
Speak only English 15.2%
Speak English "very well" 30.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 53.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 74.8%
% change: 1990-2000 178.4%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 67,801
Speak only English 26.8%
Speak English "very well" 37.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.5%
Noncitizens 143,746
Speak only English 9.8%
Speak English "very well" 27.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 62.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,341,112
Speak only English 95.0%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -16.8%
% change: 1990-2000 20.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 129,664
Speak only English 17.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,086,055
Speak only English 95.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 63,588
Speak only English 26.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,850,524
Speak only English 96.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 674,123
Speak only English 594,757
Speak language other than English 79,366
Speak English "very well"
63,236
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
16,130
Speak Spanish 63,532
Speak English "very well"
50,252
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
13,280
Ages 18-64 2,342,529
Speak only English 2,100,624
Speak language other than English 241,905
Speak English "very well"
127,301
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
114,604
Speak Spanish 161,723
Speak English "very well"
72,371
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
89,352
65 and Older 536,007
Speak only English 512,420
Speak language other than English 23,587
Speak English "very well"
12,265
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,322
Speak Spanish 10,472
Speak English "very well"
4,120
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
6,352
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 88.2%
Speak language other than English 11.8%
Speak English "very well" 9.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.4%
Speak Spanish 9.4%
Speak English "very well" 7.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 89.7%
Speak language other than English 10.3%
Speak English "very well" 5.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.9%
Speak Spanish 6.9%
Speak English "very well" 3.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.8%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.6%
Speak language other than English 4.4%
Speak English "very well" 2.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.1%
Speak Spanish 2.0%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 3,552,659
Speak only English 3,207,801
Speak language other than English 344,858
Spanish or Spanish Creole 235,727
Speak English "very well" 126,743
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 108,984
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 5,006
Speak English "very well" 4,245
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 761
French Creole 431
Speak English "very well" 431
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian 551
Speak English "very well" 381
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 170
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 1,558
Speak English "very well" 1,111
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 447
German 10,775
Speak English "very well" 9,408
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,367
Yiddish 83
Speak English "very well" 44
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39
Other West Germanic Languages 1,017
Speak English "very well" 914
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 103
Scandinavian Languages 560
Speak English "very well" 474
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 86
Greek 1,032
Speak English "very well" 948
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 84
Russian 1,678
Speak English "very well" 1,107
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 571
Polish 898
Speak English "very well" 583
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 315
Serbo-Croatian 171
Speak English "very well" 171
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Slavic Languages 367
Speak English "very well" 367
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 2,575
Speak English "very well" 1,688
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 887
Gujarati 668
Speak English "very well" 439
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 229
Hindi 1,706
Speak English "very well" 1,319
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 387
Urdu 1,249
Speak English "very well" 960
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 289
Other Indic Languages 1,592
Speak English "very well" 917
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 675
Other Indo-European Languages 1,521
Speak English "very well" 1,041
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 480
Chinese 8,644
Speak English "very well" 3,823
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,821
Japanese 2,564
Speak English "very well" 2,041
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 523
Korean 5,075
Speak English "very well" 2,261
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,814
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 442
Speak English "very well" 390
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52
Hmong 2,558
Speak English "very well" 1,791
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 767
Thai 630
Speak English "very well" 307
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 323
Laotian 1,615
Speak English "very well" 753
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 862
Vietnamese 14,922
Speak English "very well" 7,873
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,049
Other Asian Languages 5,627
Speak English "very well" 3,006
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,621
Tagalog 2,492
Speak English "very well" 2,000
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 492
Other Pacific Island Languages 3,557
Speak English "very well" 2,380
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,177
Navajo 132
Speak English "very well" 92
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40
Other Native North American Languages 17,016
Speak English "very well" 14,862
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,154
Hungarian 113
Speak English "very well" 52
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 61
Arabic 5,150
Speak English "very well" 3,593
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,557
Hebrew 1,166
Speak English "very well" 1,166
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
African Languages 3,903
Speak English "very well" 3,034
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 869
Other and Unspecified Languages 87
Speak English "very well" 87
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 90.3%
Field 308 9.7%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 53.8%
Field 310 46.2%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 84.8%
Field 315 15.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 100.0%
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 69.1%
Field 319 30.9%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 71.3%
Field 322 28.7%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 87.3%
Field 325 12.7%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 53.0%
Field 328 47.0%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 89.9%
Field 331 10.1%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 84.6%
Field 334 15.4%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 91.9%
Field 337 8.1%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 66.0%
Field 340 34.0%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 64.9%
Field 343 35.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 100.0%
Field 346 N
Field 349 100%
Field 349 100.0%
Field 349 N
Field 352 100%
Field 352 N
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 65.6%
Field 355 34.4%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 65.7%
Field 358 34.3%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 77.3%
Field 361 22.7%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 76.9%
Field 364 23.1%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 57.6%
Field 367 42.4%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 68.4%
Field 370 31.6%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 44.2%
Field 373 55.8%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 79.6%
Field 376 20.4%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 44.6%
Field 379 55.4%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 88.2%
Field 382 11.8%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 70.0%
Field 385 30.0%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 48.7%
Field 388 51.3%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 46.6%
Field 391 53.4%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 52.8%
Field 394 47.2%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 53.4%
Field 397 46.6%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 80.3%
Field 400 19.7%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 66.9%
Field 403 33.1%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 69.7%
Field 406 30.3%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 87.3%
Field 409 12.7%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 46.0%
Field 412 54.0%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 69.8%
Field 415 30.2%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 100.0%
Field 418 N
Field 421 100%
Field 421 77.7%
Field 421 22.3%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 100.0%
Field 424 N
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 171,642
Less than high school diploma 41.4%
High school diploma or GED 22.1%
Some college or associate's degree 15.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.5%
Graduate or professional degree 8.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 21.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.1%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2012 96.1%
% change: 1990-2000 123.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2012 67.9%
% change: 1990-2000 62.3%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 61,642
Less than high school diploma 26%
High school diploma or GED 21.8%
Some college or associate's degree 23.1%
Bachelor's degree 17.9%
Graduate or professional degree 11.3%
Noncitizens (%) 110,000
Less than high school diploma 50%
High school diploma or GED 22.3%
Some college or associate's degree 11.5%
Bachelor's degree 9.5%
Graduate or professional degree 6.8%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,315,814
Less than high school diploma 11.3%
High school diploma or GED 32.3%
Some college or associate's degree 32.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.1%
Graduate or professional degree 7.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -33.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -20.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 31.1%
% change: 1990-2000 24.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 92,075
Less than high school diploma 39.3%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.0%
Bachelor's degree 12.6%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,109,077
Less than high school diploma 18.6%
High school diploma or GED 32.2%
Some college or associate's degree 29.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.4%
Graduate or professional degree 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 49,487
Less than high school diploma 32.7%
High school diploma or GED 20.0%
Some college or associate's degree 20.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 12.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 3.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,940,646
Less than high school diploma 25.5%
High school diploma or GED 30.6%
Some college or associate's degree 26.4%
Bachelor's degree 11.8%
Graduate or professional degree 5.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status” : Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.