E.g., 10/23/2014
E.g., 10/23/2014

State Language Data - NJ

New Jersey

Language & Education
2012
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,871,287
Speak only English 15.2%
Speak English "very well" 38.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 28.3%
% change: 1990-2000 63.3%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 971,807
Speak only English 19.5%
Speak English "very well" 44.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.2%
Noncitizens 899,480
Speak only English 10.6%
Speak English "very well" 32.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,466,716
Speak only English 85.4%
Speak English ""very well"" 12.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -21.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,460,077
Speak only English 16.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 37.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,396,191
Speak only English 87.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 9.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 955,439
Speak only English 21.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 43.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,218,657
Speak only English 89.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 7.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,500,151
Speak only English 1,069,426
Speak language other than English 430,725
Speak English "very well"
360,128
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
70,597
Speak Spanish 258,609
Speak English "very well"
213,194
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
45,415
Ages 18-64 5,587,538
Speak only English 3,757,870
Speak language other than English 1,829,668
Speak English "very well"
1,048,554
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
781,114
Speak Spanish 950,173
Speak English "very well"
479,061
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
471,112
65 and Older 1,250,314
Speak only English 978,155
Speak language other than English 272,159
Speak English "very well"
101,752
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
170,407
Speak Spanish 101,157
Speak English "very well"
24,271
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
76,886
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 71.3%
Speak language other than English 28.7%
Speak English "very well" 24.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.7%
Speak Spanish 17.2%
Speak English "very well" 14.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.0%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 67.3%
Speak language other than English 32.7%
Speak English "very well" 18.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 14.0%
Speak Spanish 17.0%
Speak English "very well" 8.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.4%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 78.2%
Speak language other than English 21.8%
Speak English "very well" 8.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 13.6%
Speak Spanish 8.1%
Speak English "very well" 1.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 8,338,003
Speak only English 5,805,451
Speak language other than English 2,532,552
Spanish or Spanish Creole 1,309,939
Speak English "very well" 716,526
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 593,413
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 40,802
Speak English "very well" 31,653
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,149
French Creole 43,630
Speak English "very well" 22,816
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,814
Italian 75,197
Speak English "very well" 54,969
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,228
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 75,432
Speak English "very well" 41,524
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33,908
German 26,128
Speak English "very well" 22,337
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,791
Yiddish 5,787
Speak English "very well" 5,311
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 476
Other West Germanic Languages 4,099
Speak English "very well" 3,716
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 383
Scandinavian Languages 3,821
Speak English "very well" 3,493
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 328
Greek 24,900
Speak English "very well" 18,535
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,365
Russian 41,882
Speak English "very well" 23,858
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,024
Polish 63,371
Speak English "very well" 37,369
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26,002
Serbo-Croatian 9,931
Speak English "very well" 6,408
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,523
Other Slavic Languages 22,045
Speak English "very well" 12,378
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,667
Armenian 6,263
Speak English "very well" 4,555
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,708
Persian 11,207
Speak English "very well" 7,706
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,501
Gujarati 76,019
Speak English "very well" 46,096
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29,923
Hindi 66,775
Speak English "very well" 52,502
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,273
Urdu 33,936
Speak English "very well" 23,126
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,810
Other Indic Languages 59,752
Speak English "very well" 38,394
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21,358
Other Indo-European Languages 22,047
Speak English "very well" 16,242
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,805
Chinese 107,810
Speak English "very well" 59,125
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48,685
Japanese 13,358
Speak English "very well" 6,553
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,805
Korean 78,806
Speak English "very well" 38,459
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40,347
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 1,272
Speak English "very well" 595
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 677
Hmong 38
Speak English "very well" 38
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 2,560
Speak English "very well" 1,599
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 961
Laotian 481
Speak English "very well" 343
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 138
Vietnamese 20,304
Speak English "very well" 7,858
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,446
Other Asian Languages 77,958
Speak English "very well" 59,429
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,529
Tagalog 78,562
Speak English "very well" 58,880
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19,682
Other Pacific Island Languages 6,286
Speak English "very well" 3,146
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,140
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 944
Speak English "very well" 565
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 379
Hungarian 4,031
Speak English "very well" 2,696
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,335
Arabic 67,616
Speak English "very well" 43,849
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23,767
Hebrew 16,143
Speak English "very well" 14,229
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,914
African Languages 30,070
Speak English "very well" 21,546
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,524
Other and Unspecified Languages 3,350
Speak English "very well" 2,010
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,340
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 69.6%
Field 308 30.4%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 54.7%
Field 310 45.3%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 77.6%
Field 315 22.4%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 52.3%
Field 316 47.7%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 73.1%
Field 319 26.9%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 55.0%
Field 322 45.0%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 85.5%
Field 325 14.5%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 91.8%
Field 328 8.2%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 90.7%
Field 331 9.3%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 91.4%
Field 334 8.6%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 74.4%
Field 337 25.6%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 57.0%
Field 340 43.0%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 59.0%
Field 343 41.0%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 64.5%
Field 346 35.5%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 56.1%
Field 349 43.9%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 72.7%
Field 352 27.3%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 68.8%
Field 355 31.2%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 60.6%
Field 358 39.4%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 78.6%
Field 361 21.4%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 68.1%
Field 364 31.9%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 64.3%
Field 367 35.7%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 73.7%
Field 370 26.3%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 54.8%
Field 373 45.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 49.1%
Field 376 50.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 48.8%
Field 379 51.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 46.8%
Field 382 53.2%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 100.0%
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 62.5%
Field 388 37.5%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 71.3%
Field 391 28.7%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 38.7%
Field 394 61.3%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 76.2%
Field 397 23.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 74.9%
Field 400 25.1%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 50.0%
Field 403 50.0%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 59.9%
Field 409 40.1%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 66.9%
Field 412 33.1%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 64.9%
Field 415 35.1%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 88.1%
Field 418 11.9%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 71.7%
Field 421 28.3%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 60.0%
Field 424 40.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,646,966
Less than high school diploma 20.7%
High school diploma or GED 24.8%
Some college or associate's degree 18.0%
Bachelor's degree 21.4%
Graduate or professional degree 15.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 48.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 27.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2012 -0.7%
% change: 1990-2000 19.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2012 61.8%
% change: 1990-2000 87.2%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 904,829
Less than high school diploma 15.2%
High school diploma or GED 22.8%
Some college or associate's degree 21.1%
Bachelor's degree 24.2%
Graduate or professional degree 16.6%
Noncitizens (%) 742,137
Less than high school diploma 27.3%
High school diploma or GED 27.4%
Some college or associate's degree 14.2%
Bachelor's degree 17.9%
Graduate or professional degree 13.2%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,402,386
Less than high school diploma 8.4%
High school diploma or GED 30.2%
Some college or associate's degree 25.3%
Bachelor's degree 22.9%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -45.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -26.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 21.1%
% change: 1990-2000 21.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,199,158
Less than high school diploma 28.6%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 17.9%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 13.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 33.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 22.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,452,754
Less than high school diploma 15.1%
High school diploma or GED 31.1%
Some college or associate's degree 24.3%
Bachelor's degree 19.1%
Graduate or professional degree 10.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 799,122
Less than high school diploma 35.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.7%
Some college or associate's degree 16.5%
Bachelor's degree 14.2%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 23.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 15.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,348,588
Less than high school diploma 21.0%
High school diploma or GED 32.6%
Some college or associate's degree 21.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status” : Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.