E.g., 01/29/2015
E.g., 01/29/2015

State Language Data - NC

North Carolina

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 744,338
Speak only English 17.8%
Speak English "very well" 33.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 63.9%
% change: 1990-2000 526.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 238,805
Speak only English 30.9%
Speak English "very well" 42.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26.9%
Noncitizens 505,533
Speak only English 11.7%
Speak English "very well" 28.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,496,240
Speak only English 95.2%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 2.4%
% change: 1990-2000 44.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 420,957
Speak only English 17.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,092,208
Speak only English 96.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,822
Speak only English 33.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,042,849
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,676,686
Speak only English 1,434,259
Speak language other than English 242,427
Speak English "very well"
187,734
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
54,693
Speak Spanish 192,435
Speak English "very well"
147,879
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
44,556
Ages 18-64 6,159,174
Speak only English 5,433,160
Speak language other than English 726,014
Speak English "very well"
364,202
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
361,812
Speak Spanish 475,468
Speak English "very well"
199,821
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
275,647
65 and Older 1,404,718
Speak only English 1,352,256
Speak language other than English 52,462
Speak English "very well"
27,011
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
25,451
Speak Spanish 21,091
Speak English "very well"
9,307
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,784
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 85.5%
Speak language other than English 14.5%
Speak English "very well" 11.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.3%
Speak Spanish 11.5%
Speak English "very well" 8.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.7%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 88.2%
Speak language other than English 11.8%
Speak English "very well" 5.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.9%
Speak Spanish 7.7%
Speak English "very well" 3.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.5%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 96.3%
Speak language other than English 3.7%
Speak English "very well" 1.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.8%
Speak Spanish 1.5%
Speak English "very well" 0.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,240,578
Speak only English 8,219,675
Speak language other than English 1,020,903
Spanish or Spanish Creole 688,994
Speak English "very well" 357,007
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 331,987
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 28,452
Speak English "very well" 23,385
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,067
French Creole 3,776
Speak English "very well" 2,090
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,686
Italian 5,494
Speak English "very well" 4,029
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,465
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 4,231
Speak English "very well" 2,926
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,305
German 21,102
Speak English "very well" 18,665
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,437
Yiddish N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 4,784
Speak English "very well" 4,593
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 191
Scandinavian Languages 1,707
Speak English "very well" 1,569
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 138
Greek 4,887
Speak English "very well" 4,157
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 730
Russian 10,412
Speak English "very well" 6,411
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,001
Polish 3,444
Speak English "very well" 2,717
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 727
Serbo-Croatian 2,516
Speak English "very well" 1,378
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,138
Other Slavic Languages 3,715
Speak English "very well" 2,596
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,119
Armenian 244
Speak English "very well" 244
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 3,279
Speak English "very well" 2,576
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 703
Gujarati 8,256
Speak English "very well" 5,367
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,889
Hindi 12,866
Speak English "very well" 11,024
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,842
Urdu 7,178
Speak English "very well" 3,945
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,233
Other Indic Languages 14,462
Speak English "very well" 9,527
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,935
Other Indo-European Languages 6,453
Speak English "very well" 4,112
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,341
Chinese 31,412
Speak English "very well" 17,859
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,553
Japanese 5,273
Speak English "very well" 2,689
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,584
Korean 14,177
Speak English "very well" 8,090
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,087
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 4,817
Speak English "very well" 2,668
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,149
Hmong 7,963
Speak English "very well" 5,251
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,712
Thai 1,678
Speak English "very well" 987
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 691
Laotian 6,509
Speak English "very well" 4,394
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,115
Vietnamese 27,048
Speak English "very well" 8,767
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,281
Other Asian Languages 26,280
Speak English "very well" 17,606
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,674
Tagalog 13,408
Speak English "very well" 9,900
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,508
Other Pacific Island Languages 4,793
Speak English "very well" 2,939
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,854
Navajo 56
Speak English "very well" 26
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30
Other Native North American Languages 1,192
Speak English "very well" 813
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 379
Hungarian 1,674
Speak English "very well" 1,620
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54
Arabic 14,120
Speak English "very well" 9,482
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,638
Hebrew 1,096
Speak English "very well" 904
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 192
African Languages 21,944
Speak English "very well" 15,589
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,355
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,211
Speak English "very well" 1,045
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 166
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 89.0%
Field 308 11.0%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 51.8%
Field 310 48.2%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 82.2%
Field 315 17.8%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 55.3%
Field 316 44.7%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 73.3%
Field 319 26.7%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 69.2%
Field 322 30.8%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 88.5%
Field 325 11.5%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 N
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 96.0%
Field 331 4.0%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 91.9%
Field 334 8.1%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 85.1%
Field 337 14.9%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 61.6%
Field 340 38.4%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 78.9%
Field 343 21.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 54.8%
Field 346 45.2%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 69.9%
Field 349 30.1%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 78.6%
Field 355 21.4%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 65.0%
Field 358 35.0%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 85.7%
Field 361 14.3%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 55.0%
Field 364 45.0%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 65.9%
Field 367 34.1%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 63.7%
Field 370 36.3%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 56.9%
Field 373 43.1%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 51.0%
Field 376 49.0%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 57.1%
Field 379 42.9%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 55.4%
Field 382 44.6%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 65.9%
Field 385 34.1%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 58.8%
Field 388 41.2%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 67.5%
Field 391 32.5%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 32.4%
Field 394 67.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 67.0%
Field 397 33.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 73.8%
Field 400 26.2%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 61.3%
Field 403 38.7%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 46.4%
Field 406 53.6%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 68.2%
Field 409 31.8%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 96.8%
Field 412 3.2%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 67.2%
Field 415 32.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 82.5%
Field 418 17.5%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 71.0%
Field 421 29.0%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 86.3%
Field 424 13.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 613,815
Less than high school diploma 34.7%
High school diploma or GED 20.1%
Some college or associate's degree 17.3%
Bachelor's degree 15.0%
Graduate or professional degree 12.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 22.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.2%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 88.4%
% change: 1990-2000 456.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 130.3%
% change: 1990-2000 152.1%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 214,002
Less than high school diploma 14.7%
High school diploma or GED 20%
Some college or associate's degree 24.4%
Bachelor's degree 22%
Graduate or professional degree 18.8%
Noncitizens (%) 399,813
Less than high school diploma 45.5%
High school diploma or GED 20.1%
Some college or associate's degree 13.5%
Bachelor's degree 11.3%
Graduate or professional degree 9.7%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 5,954,295
Less than high school diploma 12.2%
High school diploma or GED 27.2%
Some college or associate's degree 32.2%
Bachelor's degree 18.8%
Graduate or professional degree 9.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -30.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -16.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 53.8%
% change: 1990-2000 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 296,126
Less than high school diploma 38.2%
High school diploma or GED 18.3%
Some college or associate's degree 18.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 11.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,990,153
Less than high school diploma 20.9%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 27.8%
Bachelor's degree 15.1%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 90,990
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 21.0%
Some college or associate's degree 24.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.8%
Graduate or professional degree 15.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,155,306
Less than high school diploma 30.1%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.0%
Graduate or professional degree 5.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.