E.g., 11/26/2014
E.g., 11/26/2014

State Language Data - NC

North Carolina

Language & Education
2012
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 741,647
Speak only English 17.1%
Speak English "very well" 33.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 65.1%
% change: 1990-2000 526.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 238,662
Speak only English 29.9%
Speak English "very well" 44.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25.7%
Noncitizens 502,985
Speak only English 11%
Speak English "very well" 28.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 60.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,398,674
Speak only English 95.2%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 9.2%
% change: 1990-2000 44.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 420,957
Speak only English 17.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,092,208
Speak only English 96.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,822
Speak only English 33.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,042,849
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,672,250
Speak only English 1,426,717
Speak language other than English 245,533
Speak English "very well"
184,296
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
61,237
Speak Spanish 190,086
Speak English "very well"
141,760
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
48,326
Ages 18-64 6,121,371
Speak only English 5,403,633
Speak language other than English 717,738
Speak English "very well"
351,651
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
366,087
Speak Spanish 468,168
Speak English "very well"
189,204
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
278,964
65 and Older 1,346,700
Speak only English 1,292,449
Speak language other than English 54,251
Speak English "very well"
32,017
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
22,234
Speak Spanish 20,266
Speak English "very well"
10,658
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
9,608
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 85.3%
Speak language other than English 14.7%
Speak English "very well" 11.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.7%
Speak Spanish 11.4%
Speak English "very well" 8.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.9%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 88.3%
Speak language other than English 11.7%
Speak English "very well" 5.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.0%
Speak Spanish 7.6%
Speak English "very well" 3.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.6%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 96.0%
Speak language other than English 4.0%
Speak English "very well" 2.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.7%
Speak Spanish 1.5%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,140,321
Speak only English 8,122,799
Speak language other than English 1,017,522
Spanish or Spanish Creole 678,520
Speak English "very well" 341,622
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 336,898
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 26,619
Speak English "very well" 19,414
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,205
French Creole 3,577
Speak English "very well" 1,646
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,931
Italian 8,404
Speak English "very well" 7,619
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 785
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 7,503
Speak English "very well" 5,557
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,946
German 23,936
Speak English "very well" 21,047
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,889
Yiddish 85
Speak English "very well" 85
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 3,835
Speak English "very well" 3,498
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 337
Scandinavian Languages 2,714
Speak English "very well" 2,458
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 256
Greek 6,464
Speak English "very well" 4,696
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,768
Russian 9,939
Speak English "very well" 7,137
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,802
Polish 4,284
Speak English "very well" 3,319
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 965
Serbo-Croatian 3,840
Speak English "very well" 2,448
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,392
Other Slavic Languages 2,951
Speak English "very well" 2,269
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 682
Armenian 162
Speak English "very well" 162
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 3,409
Speak English "very well" 1,995
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,414
Gujarati 7,829
Speak English "very well" 5,445
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,384
Hindi 14,013
Speak English "very well" 11,971
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,042
Urdu 6,097
Speak English "very well" 4,354
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,743
Other Indic Languages 11,050
Speak English "very well" 6,973
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,077
Other Indo-European Languages 5,892
Speak English "very well" 4,329
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,563
Chinese 32,437
Speak English "very well" 16,931
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,506
Japanese 5,060
Speak English "very well" 3,071
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,989
Korean 15,267
Speak English "very well" 8,525
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,742
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 5,263
Speak English "very well" 2,735
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,528
Hmong 11,924
Speak English "very well" 8,084
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,840
Thai 2,972
Speak English "very well" 1,030
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,942
Laotian 2,722
Speak English "very well" 1,522
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,200
Vietnamese 24,175
Speak English "very well" 8,597
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,578
Other Asian Languages 22,660
Speak English "very well" 13,599
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,061
Tagalog 14,678
Speak English "very well" 12,141
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,537
Other Pacific Island Languages 5,818
Speak English "very well" 3,870
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,948
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 1,783
Speak English "very well" 1,187
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 596
Hungarian 795
Speak English "very well" 642
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 153
Arabic 19,134
Speak English "very well" 12,341
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,793
Hebrew 1,236
Speak English "very well" 1,229
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7
African Languages 19,236
Speak English "very well" 13,402
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,834
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,239
Speak English "very well" 1,014
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 225
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 88.9%
Field 308 11.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 50.3%
Field 310 49.7%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 72.9%
Field 315 27.1%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 46.0%
Field 316 54.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 90.7%
Field 319 9.3%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 74.1%
Field 322 25.9%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 87.9%
Field 325 12.1%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 91.2%
Field 331 8.8%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 90.6%
Field 334 9.4%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 72.6%
Field 337 27.4%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 71.8%
Field 340 28.2%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 77.5%
Field 343 22.5%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 63.8%
Field 346 36.3%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 76.9%
Field 349 23.1%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 58.5%
Field 355 41.5%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 69.5%
Field 358 30.5%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 85.4%
Field 361 14.6%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 71.4%
Field 364 28.6%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 63.1%
Field 367 36.9%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 73.5%
Field 370 26.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 52.2%
Field 373 47.8%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 60.7%
Field 376 39.3%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 55.8%
Field 379 44.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 52.0%
Field 382 48.0%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 67.8%
Field 385 32.2%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 34.7%
Field 388 65.3%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 55.9%
Field 391 44.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 35.6%
Field 394 64.4%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 60.0%
Field 397 40.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 82.7%
Field 400 17.3%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 66.5%
Field 403 33.5%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 66.6%
Field 409 33.4%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 80.8%
Field 412 19.2%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 64.5%
Field 415 35.5%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 99.4%
Field 418 0.6%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 69.7%
Field 421 30.3%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 81.8%
Field 424 18.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 609,060
Less than high school diploma 36.0%
High school diploma or GED 20.6%
Some college or associate's degree 17.8%
Bachelor's degree 14.5%
Graduate or professional degree 11.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 22.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 8.8%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2012 93.7%
% change: 1990-2000 456.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2012 109.9%
% change: 1990-2000 152.1%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 212,805
Less than high school diploma 14.9%
High school diploma or GED 18.9%
Some college or associate's degree 26.8%
Bachelor's degree 21.6%
Graduate or professional degree 17.9%
Noncitizens (%) 396,255
Less than high school diploma 47.4%
High school diploma or GED 21.5%
Some college or associate's degree 13%
Bachelor's degree 10.7%
Graduate or professional degree 7.5%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 5,880,823
Less than high school diploma 12.6%
High school diploma or GED 27.8%
Some college or associate's degree 32.0%
Bachelor's degree 18.4%
Graduate or professional degree 9.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -28.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -16.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 47.1%
% change: 1990-2000 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 296,126
Less than high school diploma 38.2%
High school diploma or GED 18.3%
Some college or associate's degree 18.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 11.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,990,153
Less than high school diploma 20.9%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 27.8%
Bachelor's degree 15.1%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 90,990
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 21.0%
Some college or associate's degree 24.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.8%
Graduate or professional degree 15.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,155,306
Less than high school diploma 30.1%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.0%
Graduate or professional degree 5.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status” : Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.