E.g., 09/23/2014
E.g., 09/23/2014

State Language Data - MO

Missouri

Language & Education
2012
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 226,248
Speak only English 19.7%
Speak English "very well" 39.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 52.3%
% change: 1990-2000 133.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 98,620
Speak only English 28.5%
Speak English "very well" 40.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.7%
Noncitizens 127,628
Speak only English 12.9%
Speak English "very well" 38.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,421,149
Speak only English 97.1%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -27.5%
% change: 1990-2000 8.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 147,656
Speak only English 23.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,078,366
Speak only English 97.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 81,794
Speak only English 33.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,653,063
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,029,115
Speak only English 957,231
Speak language other than English 71,884
Speak English "very well"
54,139
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
17,745
Speak Spanish 34,183
Speak English "very well"
26,563
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
7,620
Ages 18-64 3,733,957
Speak only English 3,493,224
Speak language other than English 240,733
Speak English "very well"
145,523
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
95,210
Speak Spanish 98,258
Speak English "very well"
56,828
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
41,430
65 and Older 884,325
Speak only English 856,866
Speak language other than English 27,459
Speak English "very well"
17,310
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,149
Speak Spanish 7,640
Speak English "very well"
4,927
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
2,713
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 93.0%
Speak language other than English 7.0%
Speak English "very well" 5.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.7%
Speak Spanish 3.3%
Speak English "very well" 2.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 93.6%
Speak language other than English 6.4%
Speak English "very well" 3.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.5%
Speak Spanish 2.6%
Speak English "very well" 1.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.1%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 96.9%
Speak language other than English 3.1%
Speak English "very well" 2.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.1%
Speak Spanish 0.9%
Speak English "very well" 0.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 5,647,397
Speak only English 5,307,321
Speak language other than English 340,076
Spanish or Spanish Creole 140,081
Speak English "very well" 88,318
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51,763
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 16,916
Speak English "very well" 13,153
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,763
French Creole 672
Speak English "very well" 609
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 63
Italian 4,263
Speak English "very well" 3,642
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 621
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 2,269
Speak English "very well" 1,872
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 397
German 22,722
Speak English "very well" 18,408
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,314
Yiddish 258
Speak English "very well" 123
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 135
Other West Germanic Languages 7,483
Speak English "very well" 5,680
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,803
Scandinavian Languages 699
Speak English "very well" 581
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 118
Greek 1,886
Speak English "very well" 1,539
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 347
Russian 6,531
Speak English "very well" 3,420
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,111
Polish 1,049
Speak English "very well" 849
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 200
Serbo-Croatian 13,467
Speak English "very well" 7,696
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,771
Other Slavic Languages 3,709
Speak English "very well" 2,592
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,117
Armenian 217
Speak English "very well" 36
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 181
Persian 1,768
Speak English "very well" 1,067
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 701
Gujarati 1,581
Speak English "very well" 1,122
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 459
Hindi 2,576
Speak English "very well" 2,410
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 166
Urdu 2,492
Speak English "very well" 1,949
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 543
Other Indic Languages 4,777
Speak English "very well" 3,873
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 904
Other Indo-European Languages 4,185
Speak English "very well" 2,321
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,864
Chinese 22,223
Speak English "very well" 8,491
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,732
Japanese 2,592
Speak English "very well" 1,655
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 937
Korean 6,985
Speak English "very well" 2,984
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,001
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 1,455
Speak English "very well" 489
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 966
Hmong 502
Speak English "very well" 329
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 173
Thai 1,225
Speak English "very well" 902
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 323
Laotian 519
Speak English "very well" 171
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 348
Vietnamese 12,160
Speak English "very well" 3,694
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,466
Other Asian Languages 12,125
Speak English "very well" 7,903
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,222
Tagalog 7,882
Speak English "very well" 5,977
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,905
Other Pacific Island Languages 4,161
Speak English "very well" 3,000
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,161
Navajo 91
Speak English "very well" 29
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 62
Other Native North American Languages 1,423
Speak English "very well" 1,366
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57
Hungarian 495
Speak English "very well" 495
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Arabic 10,386
Speak English "very well" 6,845
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,541
Hebrew 679
Speak English "very well" 519
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 160
African Languages 15,192
Speak English "very well" 10,483
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,709
Other and Unspecified Languages 380
Speak English "very well" 380
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 94.0%
Field 308 6.0%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 63.0%
Field 310 37.0%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 77.8%
Field 315 22.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 90.6%
Field 316 9.4%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 85.4%
Field 319 14.6%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 82.5%
Field 322 17.5%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 81.0%
Field 325 19.0%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 47.7%
Field 328 52.3%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 75.9%
Field 331 24.1%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 83.1%
Field 334 16.9%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 81.6%
Field 337 18.4%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 52.4%
Field 340 47.6%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 80.9%
Field 343 19.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 57.1%
Field 346 42.9%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 69.9%
Field 349 30.1%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 16.6%
Field 352 83.4%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 60.4%
Field 355 39.6%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 71.0%
Field 358 29.0%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 93.6%
Field 361 6.4%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 78.2%
Field 364 21.8%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 81.1%
Field 367 18.9%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 55.5%
Field 370 44.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 38.2%
Field 373 61.8%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 63.9%
Field 376 36.1%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 42.7%
Field 379 57.3%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 33.6%
Field 382 66.4%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 65.5%
Field 385 34.5%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 73.6%
Field 388 26.4%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 32.9%
Field 391 67.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 30.4%
Field 394 69.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 65.2%
Field 397 34.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 75.8%
Field 400 24.2%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 72.1%
Field 403 27.9%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 31.9%
Field 406 68.1%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 96.0%
Field 409 4.0%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 100.0%
Field 412 N
Field 415 100%
Field 415 65.9%
Field 415 34.1%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 76.4%
Field 418 23.6%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 69.0%
Field 421 31.0%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 100.0%
Field 424 N
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 182,019
Less than high school diploma 24.7%
High school diploma or GED 21.0%
Some college or associate's degree 18.0%
Bachelor's degree 17.9%
Graduate or professional degree 18.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.2%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2012 47.8%
% change: 1990-2000 59.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2012 61.4%
% change: 1990-2000 93.8%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 86,386
Less than high school diploma 16.3%
High school diploma or GED 23.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.9%
Bachelor's degree 19.5%
Graduate or professional degree 19.2%
Noncitizens (%) 95,633
Less than high school diploma 32.3%
High school diploma or GED 19%
Some college or associate's degree 14.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.5%
Graduate or professional degree 17.6%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,841,622
Less than high school diploma 11.4%
High school diploma or GED 32.1%
Some college or associate's degree 30.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.6%
Graduate or professional degree 9.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -32.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 32.8%
% change: 1990-2000 34.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 115,662
Less than high school diploma 26.3%
High school diploma or GED 20.1%
Some college or associate's degree 18.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.4%
Graduate or professional degree 19.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,521,800
Less than high school diploma 18.3%
High school diploma or GED 33.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 7.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 67,541
Less than high school diploma 28.3%
High school diploma or GED 21.1%
Some college or associate's degree 19.3%
Bachelor's degree 14.6%
Graduate or professional degree 16.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,217,654
Less than high school diploma 26.2%
High school diploma or GED 33.6%
Some college or associate's degree 22.9%
Bachelor's degree 11.5%
Graduate or professional degree 5.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status” : Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.