E.g., 09/02/2014
E.g., 09/02/2014

State Language Data - MI

Michigan

Language & Education
2012
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 601,025
Speak only English 21.3%
Speak English "very well" 38.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 21.8%
% change: 1990-2000 97.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 301,926
Speak only English 27.7%
Speak English "very well" 42.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29.8%
Noncitizens 299,099
Speak only English 14.8%
Speak English "very well" 34.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,710,690
Speak only English 95.4%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -29.7%
% change: 1990-2000 16.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 514,695
Speak only English 24.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,754,087
Speak only English 95.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 350,452
Speak only English 36.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,235,567
Speak only English 95.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,695,978
Speak only English 1,511,844
Speak language other than English 184,134
Speak English "very well"
148,065
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
36,069
Speak Spanish 76,848
Speak English "very well"
61,268
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
15,580
Ages 18-64 6,173,114
Speak only English 5,579,175
Speak language other than English 593,939
Speak English "very well"
368,904
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
225,035
Speak Spanish 188,563
Speak English "very well"
113,003
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
75,560
65 and Older 1,442,623
Speak only English 1,344,428
Speak language other than English 98,195
Speak English "very well"
49,815
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
48,380
Speak Spanish 18,873
Speak English "very well"
10,783
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,090
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 89.1%
Speak language other than English 10.9%
Speak English "very well" 8.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.1%
Speak Spanish 4.5%
Speak English "very well" 3.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.9%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 90.4%
Speak language other than English 9.6%
Speak English "very well" 6.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.6%
Speak Spanish 3.1%
Speak English "very well" 1.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 93.2%
Speak language other than English 6.8%
Speak English "very well" 3.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.4%
Speak Spanish 1.3%
Speak English "very well" 0.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,311,715
Speak only English 8,435,447
Speak language other than English 876,268
Spanish or Spanish Creole 284,284
Speak English "very well" 185,054
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 99,230
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 27,292
Speak English "very well" 21,846
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,446
French Creole 1,277
Speak English "very well" 834
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 443
Italian 22,528
Speak English "very well" 16,612
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,916
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 5,275
Speak English "very well" 3,949
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,326
German 37,512
Speak English "very well" 31,192
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,320
Yiddish 541
Speak English "very well" 541
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 10,533
Speak English "very well" 7,787
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,746
Scandinavian Languages 2,264
Speak English "very well" 2,024
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 240
Greek 7,223
Speak English "very well" 5,530
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,693
Russian 11,923
Speak English "very well" 6,395
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,528
Polish 22,076
Speak English "very well" 16,639
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,437
Serbo-Croatian 14,479
Speak English "very well" 7,764
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,715
Other Slavic Languages 13,297
Speak English "very well" 7,726
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,571
Armenian 1,804
Speak English "very well" 1,415
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 389
Persian 4,128
Speak English "very well" 2,903
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,225
Gujarati 12,009
Speak English "very well" 8,721
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,288
Hindi 17,171
Speak English "very well" 13,266
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,905
Urdu 10,255
Speak English "very well" 7,663
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,592
Other Indic Languages 28,041
Speak English "very well" 15,197
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,844
Other Indo-European Languages 40,335
Speak English "very well" 26,288
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,047
Chinese 39,630
Speak English "very well" 19,504
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,126
Japanese 10,777
Speak English "very well" 5,711
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,066
Korean 13,985
Speak English "very well" 5,948
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,037
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 1,105
Speak English "very well" 475
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 630
Hmong 7,161
Speak English "very well" 5,341
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,820
Thai 1,825
Speak English "very well" 753
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,072
Laotian 1,274
Speak English "very well" 662
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 612
Vietnamese 13,711
Speak English "very well" 6,059
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,652
Other Asian Languages 25,901
Speak English "very well" 18,761
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,140
Tagalog 14,413
Speak English "very well" 10,153
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,260
Other Pacific Island Languages 1,503
Speak English "very well" 1,338
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 165
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 3,499
Speak English "very well" 3,297
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 202
Hungarian 2,004
Speak English "very well" 1,565
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 439
Arabic 123,419
Speak English "very well" 70,711
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52,708
Hebrew 2,790
Speak English "very well" 2,117
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 673
African Languages 15,599
Speak English "very well" 10,807
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,792
Other and Unspecified Languages 23,425
Speak English "very well" 14,236
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,189
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 90.6%
Field 308 9.4%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 65.1%
Field 310 34.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 80.0%
Field 315 20.0%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 65.3%
Field 316 34.7%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 73.7%
Field 319 26.3%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 74.9%
Field 322 25.1%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 83.2%
Field 325 16.8%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 73.9%
Field 331 26.1%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 89.4%
Field 334 10.6%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 76.6%
Field 337 23.4%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 53.6%
Field 340 46.4%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 75.4%
Field 343 24.6%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 53.6%
Field 346 46.4%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 58.1%
Field 349 41.9%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 78.4%
Field 352 21.6%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 70.3%
Field 355 29.7%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 72.6%
Field 358 27.4%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 77.3%
Field 361 22.7%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 74.7%
Field 364 25.3%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 54.2%
Field 367 45.8%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 65.2%
Field 370 34.8%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 49.2%
Field 373 50.8%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 53.0%
Field 376 47.0%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 42.5%
Field 379 57.5%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 43.0%
Field 382 57.0%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 74.6%
Field 385 25.4%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 41.3%
Field 388 58.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 52.0%
Field 391 48.0%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 44.2%
Field 394 55.8%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 72.4%
Field 397 27.6%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 70.4%
Field 400 29.6%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 89.0%
Field 403 11.0%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 94.2%
Field 409 5.8%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 78.1%
Field 412 21.9%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 57.3%
Field 415 42.7%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 75.9%
Field 418 24.1%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 69.3%
Field 421 30.7%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 60.8%
Field 424 39.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 495,536
Less than high school diploma 24.1%
High school diploma or GED 19.3%
Some college or associate's degree 18.6%
Bachelor's degree 18.7%
Graduate or professional degree 19.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 16.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 10.9%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2012 0.2%
% change: 1990-2000 9.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2012 37.6%
% change: 1990-2000 85.2%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 266,573
Less than high school diploma 18.6%
High school diploma or GED 19.9%
Some college or associate's degree 22%
Bachelor's degree 19.4%
Graduate or professional degree 20.2%
Noncitizens (%) 228,963
Less than high school diploma 30.6%
High school diploma or GED 18.6%
Some college or associate's degree 14.8%
Bachelor's degree 17.9%
Graduate or professional degree 18.2%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,125,482
Less than high school diploma 9.7%
High school diploma or GED 31.5%
Some college or associate's degree 33.7%
Bachelor's degree 15.8%
Graduate or professional degree 9.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -36.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 21.8%
% change: 1990-2000 34.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 412,309
Less than high school diploma 29.0%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.5%
Graduate or professional degree 16.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 11.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,000,104
Less than high school diploma 15.7%
High school diploma or GED 32.1%
Some college or associate's degree 31.2%
Bachelor's degree 13.6%
Graduate or professional degree 7.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 306,901
Less than high school diploma 35.5%
High school diploma or GED 21.7%
Some college or associate's degree 18.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.1%
Graduate or professional degree 12.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 5,525,012
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 33.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.6%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status” : Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.