E.g., 07/30/2015
E.g., 07/30/2015

State Language Data - MI

Michigan

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 610,727
Speak only English 22.6%
Speak English "very well" 37.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 22.3%
% change: 1990-2000 97.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 314,125
Speak only English 26.7%
Speak English "very well" 43%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.3%
Noncitizens 296,602
Speak only English 18.3%
Speak English "very well" 31.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,714,592
Speak only English 95.8%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -36.7%
% change: 1990-2000 16.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 514,695
Speak only English 24.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,754,087
Speak only English 95.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 350,452
Speak only English 36.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,235,567
Speak only English 95.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,673,436
Speak only English 1,504,698
Speak language other than English 168,738
Speak English "very well"
135,239
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
33,499
Speak Spanish 69,782
Speak English "very well"
57,583
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,199
Ages 18-64 6,165,100
Speak only English 5,597,356
Speak language other than English 567,744
Speak English "very well"
347,919
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
219,825
Speak Spanish 175,801
Speak English "very well"
109,692
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
66,109
65 and Older 1,486,783
Speak only English 1,385,288
Speak language other than English 101,495
Speak English "very well"
50,926
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
50,569
Speak Spanish 19,615
Speak English "very well"
11,245
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,370
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 89.9%
Speak language other than English 10.1%
Speak English "very well" 8.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Speak Spanish 4.2%
Speak English "very well" 3.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 90.8%
Speak language other than English 9.2%
Speak English "very well" 5.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.6%
Speak Spanish 2.9%
Speak English "very well" 1.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.1%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 93.2%
Speak language other than English 6.8%
Speak English "very well" 3.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.4%
Speak Spanish 1.3%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,325,319
Speak only English 8,487,342
Speak language other than English 837,977
Spanish or Spanish Creole 265,198
Speak English "very well" 178,520
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 86,678
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 20,744
Speak English "very well" 17,116
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,628
French Creole 2,167
Speak English "very well" 1,547
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 620
Italian 17,226
Speak English "very well" 10,834
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,392
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 4,252
Speak English "very well" 3,288
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 964
German 37,229
Speak English "very well" 30,324
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,905
Yiddish 751
Speak English "very well" 751
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 7,313
Speak English "very well" 5,137
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,176
Scandinavian Languages 1,965
Speak English "very well" 1,596
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 369
Greek 6,368
Speak English "very well" 4,509
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,859
Russian 12,343
Speak English "very well" 7,214
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,129
Polish 18,510
Speak English "very well" 11,882
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,628
Serbo-Croatian 11,285
Speak English "very well" 6,664
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,621
Other Slavic Languages 12,356
Speak English "very well" 7,067
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,289
Armenian 2,095
Speak English "very well" 1,864
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 231
Persian 2,459
Speak English "very well" 1,531
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 928
Gujarati 9,693
Speak English "very well" 5,593
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,100
Hindi 15,500
Speak English "very well" 11,811
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,689
Urdu 13,013
Speak English "very well" 9,030
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,983
Other Indic Languages 27,461
Speak English "very well" 13,949
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,512
Other Indo-European Languages 30,594
Speak English "very well" 18,451
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,143
Chinese 43,700
Speak English "very well" 22,421
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21,279
Japanese 12,840
Speak English "very well" 5,528
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,312
Korean 15,930
Speak English "very well" 7,051
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,879
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 831
Speak English "very well" 484
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 347
Hmong 4,347
Speak English "very well" 2,948
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,399
Thai 880
Speak English "very well" 479
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 401
Laotian 2,260
Speak English "very well" 960
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,300
Vietnamese 16,873
Speak English "very well" 6,373
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,500
Other Asian Languages 25,635
Speak English "very well" 19,277
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,358
Tagalog 16,087
Speak English "very well" 11,426
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,661
Other Pacific Island Languages 3,005
Speak English "very well" 2,001
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,004
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 3,677
Speak English "very well" 3,183
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 494
Hungarian 1,817
Speak English "very well" 1,189
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 628
Arabic 123,659
Speak English "very well" 73,799
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49,860
Hebrew 3,444
Speak English "very well" 2,544
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 900
African Languages 13,477
Speak English "very well" 9,932
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,545
Other and Unspecified Languages 30,993
Speak English "very well" 15,811
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,182
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 91.0%
Field 308 9.0%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 67.3%
Field 310 32.7%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 82.5%
Field 315 17.5%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 71.4%
Field 316 28.6%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 62.9%
Field 319 37.1%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 77.3%
Field 322 22.7%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 81.5%
Field 325 18.5%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 70.2%
Field 331 29.8%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 81.2%
Field 334 18.8%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 70.8%
Field 337 29.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 58.4%
Field 340 41.6%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 64.2%
Field 343 35.8%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 59.1%
Field 346 40.9%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 57.2%
Field 349 42.8%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 89.0%
Field 352 11.0%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 62.3%
Field 355 37.7%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 57.7%
Field 358 42.3%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 76.2%
Field 361 23.8%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 69.4%
Field 364 30.6%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 50.8%
Field 367 49.2%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 60.3%
Field 370 39.7%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 51.3%
Field 373 48.7%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 43.1%
Field 376 56.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 44.3%
Field 379 55.7%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 58.2%
Field 382 41.8%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 67.8%
Field 385 32.2%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 54.4%
Field 388 45.6%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 42.5%
Field 391 57.5%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 37.8%
Field 394 62.2%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 75.2%
Field 397 24.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 71.0%
Field 400 29.0%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 66.6%
Field 403 33.4%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 86.6%
Field 409 13.4%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 65.4%
Field 412 34.6%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 59.7%
Field 415 40.3%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 73.9%
Field 418 26.1%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 73.7%
Field 421 26.3%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 51.0%
Field 424 49.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 510,652
Less than high school diploma 22.7%
High school diploma or GED 18.7%
Some college or associate's degree 18.8%
Bachelor's degree 20.4%
Graduate or professional degree 19.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 16.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 11.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 -2.7%
% change: 1990-2000 9.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 48.4%
% change: 1990-2000 85.2%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 278,744
Less than high school diploma 17.8%
High school diploma or GED 20.3%
Some college or associate's degree 21.2%
Bachelor's degree 21.3%
Graduate or professional degree 19.3%
Noncitizens (%) 231,908
Less than high school diploma 28.7%
High school diploma or GED 16.7%
Some college or associate's degree 16%
Bachelor's degree 19.2%
Graduate or professional degree 19.4%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,134,643
Less than high school diploma 9.6%
High school diploma or GED 30.6%
Some college or associate's degree 34.0%
Bachelor's degree 16.1%
Graduate or professional degree 9.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -37.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 25.7%
% change: 1990-2000 34.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 412,309
Less than high school diploma 29.0%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.5%
Graduate or professional degree 16.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 11.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,000,104
Less than high school diploma 15.7%
High school diploma or GED 32.1%
Some college or associate's degree 31.2%
Bachelor's degree 13.6%
Graduate or professional degree 7.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 306,901
Less than high school diploma 35.5%
High school diploma or GED 21.7%
Some college or associate's degree 18.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.1%
Graduate or professional degree 12.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 5,525,012
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 33.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.6%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.