E.g., 10/24/2014
E.g., 10/24/2014

State Language Data - MD

Maryland

Language & Education
2012
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 832,699
Speak only English 21.7%
Speak English "very well" 40.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 61.7%
% change: 1990-2000 87.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 391,507
Speak only English 27.3%
Speak English "very well" 47%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25.7%
Noncitizens 441,192
Speak only English 16.7%
Speak English "very well" 35.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,687,239
Speak only English 93.6%
Speak English ""very well"" 5.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -18.1%
% change: 1990-2000 20.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 511,881
Speak only English 22.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,433,162
Speak only English 94.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 307,273
Speak only English 27.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 38.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,116,970
Speak only English 95.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 978,310
Speak only English 810,747
Speak language other than English 167,563
Speak English "very well"
134,429
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
33,134
Speak Spanish 84,454
Speak English "very well"
66,153
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
18,301
Ages 18-64 3,778,947
Speak only English 3,080,297
Speak language other than English 698,650
Speak English "very well"
419,498
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
279,152
Speak Spanish 290,615
Speak English "very well"
139,961
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
150,654
65 and Older 762,681
Speak only English 678,944
Speak language other than English 83,737
Speak English "very well"
40,779
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
42,958
Speak Spanish 18,911
Speak English "very well"
8,086
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,825
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 82.9%
Speak language other than English 17.1%
Speak English "very well" 13.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.4%
Speak Spanish 8.6%
Speak English "very well" 6.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 81.5%
Speak language other than English 18.5%
Speak English "very well" 11.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.4%
Speak Spanish 7.7%
Speak English "very well" 3.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 89.0%
Speak language other than English 11.0%
Speak English "very well" 5.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.6%
Speak Spanish 2.5%
Speak English "very well" 1.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 5,519,938
Speak only English 4,569,988
Speak language other than English 949,950
Spanish or Spanish Creole 393,980
Speak English "very well" 214,200
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 179,780
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 50,166
Speak English "very well" 39,969
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,197
French Creole 15,040
Speak English "very well" 10,659
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,381
Italian 9,844
Speak English "very well" 7,828
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,016
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 11,057
Speak English "very well" 6,556
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,501
German 19,720
Speak English "very well" 17,031
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,689
Yiddish 1,363
Speak English "very well" 1,094
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 269
Other West Germanic Languages 4,585
Speak English "very well" 3,751
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 834
Scandinavian Languages 1,976
Speak English "very well" 1,867
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 109
Greek 9,086
Speak English "very well" 6,977
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,109
Russian 26,173
Speak English "very well" 17,425
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,748
Polish 4,349
Speak English "very well" 3,171
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,178
Serbo-Croatian 1,345
Speak English "very well" 847
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 498
Other Slavic Languages 6,154
Speak English "very well" 5,006
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,148
Armenian 1,448
Speak English "very well" 1,139
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 309
Persian 14,741
Speak English "very well" 9,709
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,032
Gujarati 9,686
Speak English "very well" 6,981
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,705
Hindi 16,328
Speak English "very well" 13,907
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,421
Urdu 15,713
Speak English "very well" 12,069
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,644
Other Indic Languages 24,307
Speak English "very well" 17,579
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,728
Other Indo-European Languages 8,348
Speak English "very well" 5,927
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,421
Chinese 66,771
Speak English "very well" 34,380
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 32,391
Japanese 6,153
Speak English "very well" 4,538
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,615
Korean 32,320
Speak English "very well" 14,208
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,112
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 2,888
Speak English "very well" 1,838
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,050
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 3,499
Speak English "very well" 2,202
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,297
Laotian 643
Speak English "very well" 300
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 343
Vietnamese 23,643
Speak English "very well" 8,685
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,958
Other Asian Languages 28,631
Speak English "very well" 22,740
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,891
Tagalog 35,044
Speak English "very well" 23,941
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,103
Other Pacific Island Languages 5,292
Speak English "very well" 4,097
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,195
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 810
Speak English "very well" 672
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 138
Hungarian 1,207
Speak English "very well" 767
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 440
Arabic 13,645
Speak English "very well" 10,124
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,521
Hebrew 5,539
Speak English "very well" 4,721
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 818
African Languages 77,361
Speak English "very well" 56,961
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,400
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,095
Speak English "very well" 840
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 255
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 82.8%
Field 308 17.2%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 54.4%
Field 310 45.6%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 79.7%
Field 315 20.3%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 70.9%
Field 316 29.1%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 79.5%
Field 319 20.5%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 59.3%
Field 322 40.7%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 86.4%
Field 325 13.6%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 80.3%
Field 328 19.7%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 81.8%
Field 331 18.2%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 94.5%
Field 334 5.5%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 76.8%
Field 337 23.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 66.6%
Field 340 33.4%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 72.9%
Field 343 27.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 63.0%
Field 346 37.0%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 81.3%
Field 349 18.7%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 78.7%
Field 352 21.3%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 65.9%
Field 355 34.1%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 72.1%
Field 358 27.9%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 85.2%
Field 361 14.8%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 76.8%
Field 364 23.2%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 72.3%
Field 367 27.7%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 71.0%
Field 370 29.0%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 51.5%
Field 373 48.5%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 73.8%
Field 376 26.2%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 44.0%
Field 379 56.0%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 63.6%
Field 382 36.4%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 62.9%
Field 388 37.1%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 46.7%
Field 391 53.3%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 36.7%
Field 394 63.3%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 79.4%
Field 397 20.6%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 68.3%
Field 400 31.7%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 77.4%
Field 403 22.6%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 83.0%
Field 409 17.0%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 63.5%
Field 412 36.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 74.2%
Field 415 25.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 85.2%
Field 418 14.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 73.6%
Field 421 26.4%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 76.7%
Field 424 23.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 717,765
Less than high school diploma 20.7%
High school diploma or GED 20.3%
Some college or associate's degree 18.8%
Bachelor's degree 20.1%
Graduate or professional degree 20.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 34.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 19.7%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2012 64.4%
% change: 1990-2000 68.7%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2012 73.5%
% change: 1990-2000 82.5%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 360,338
Less than high school diploma 10.6%
High school diploma or GED 17.6%
Some college or associate's degree 22.3%
Bachelor's degree 25%
Graduate or professional degree 24.4%
Noncitizens (%) 357,427
Less than high school diploma 30.9%
High school diploma or GED 23%
Some college or associate's degree 15.3%
Bachelor's degree 15.2%
Graduate or professional degree 15.6%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,254,370
Less than high school diploma 8.8%
High school diploma or GED 27.3%
Some college or associate's degree 27.7%
Bachelor's degree 20.0%
Graduate or professional degree 16.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -39.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.4%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 26.7%
% change: 1990-2000 25.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 413,130
Less than high school diploma 21.9%
High school diploma or GED 17.7%
Some college or associate's degree 20.2%
Bachelor's degree 19.4%
Graduate or professional degree 20.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 16.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 15.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,082,441
Less than high school diploma 15.4%
High school diploma or GED 27.9%
Some college or associate's degree 26.6%
Bachelor's degree 17.7%
Graduate or professional degree 12.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 247,691
Less than high school diploma 21.7%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 22.2%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 19.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 11.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,876,478
Less than high school diploma 21.5%
High school diploma or GED 28.7%
Some college or associate's degree 24.1%
Bachelor's degree 15.5%
Graduate or professional degree 10.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status” : Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.