E.g., 08/01/2015
E.g., 08/01/2015

State Language Data - MD

Maryland

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 836,689
Speak only English 22.0%
Speak English "very well" 40.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.1%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 61.1%
% change: 1990-2000 87.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 419,444
Speak only English 26.6%
Speak English "very well" 47.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26.1%
Noncitizens 417,245
Speak only English 17.4%
Speak English "very well" 34.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,725,413
Speak only English 93.8%
Speak English ""very well"" 5.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -27.4%
% change: 1990-2000 20.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 511,881
Speak only English 22.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,433,162
Speak only English 94.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 307,273
Speak only English 27.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 38.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,116,970
Speak only English 95.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 977,745
Speak only English 814,251
Speak language other than English 163,494
Speak English "very well"
132,934
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
30,560
Speak Spanish 84,699
Speak English "very well"
70,058
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
14,641
Ages 18-64 3,790,489
Speak only English 3,099,587
Speak language other than English 690,902
Speak English "very well"
418,705
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
272,197
Speak Spanish 290,985
Speak English "very well"
145,458
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
145,527
65 and Older 793,868
Speak only English 704,060
Speak language other than English 89,808
Speak English "very well"
43,517
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
46,291
Speak Spanish 20,022
Speak English "very well"
8,690
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,332
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 83.3%
Speak language other than English 16.7%
Speak English "very well" 13.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.1%
Speak Spanish 8.7%
Speak English "very well" 7.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.5%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 81.8%
Speak language other than English 18.2%
Speak English "very well" 11.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.2%
Speak Spanish 7.7%
Speak English "very well" 3.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.8%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 88.7%
Speak language other than English 11.3%
Speak English "very well" 5.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.8%
Speak Spanish 2.5%
Speak English "very well" 1.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 5,562,102
Speak only English 4,617,898
Speak language other than English 944,204
Spanish or Spanish Creole 395,706
Speak English "very well" 224,206
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 171,500
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 51,661
Speak English "very well" 38,521
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,140
French Creole 13,324
Speak English "very well" 8,162
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,162
Italian 8,924
Speak English "very well" 6,721
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,203
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 10,273
Speak English "very well" 7,070
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,203
German 16,126
Speak English "very well" 14,354
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,772
Yiddish 600
Speak English "very well" 483
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 117
Other West Germanic Languages 3,276
Speak English "very well" 2,716
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 560
Scandinavian Languages 1,983
Speak English "very well" 1,866
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 117
Greek 11,708
Speak English "very well" 8,341
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,367
Russian 18,715
Speak English "very well" 11,090
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,625
Polish 3,142
Speak English "very well" 2,102
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,040
Serbo-Croatian 2,983
Speak English "very well" 1,995
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 988
Other Slavic Languages 5,368
Speak English "very well" 4,398
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 970
Armenian 728
Speak English "very well" 535
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 193
Persian 13,650
Speak English "very well" 8,410
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,240
Gujarati 9,160
Speak English "very well" 6,298
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,862
Hindi 14,845
Speak English "very well" 12,159
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,686
Urdu 20,755
Speak English "very well" 15,268
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,487
Other Indic Languages 22,368
Speak English "very well" 13,853
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,515
Other Indo-European Languages 8,747
Speak English "very well" 6,793
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,954
Chinese 65,212
Speak English "very well" 34,778
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30,434
Japanese 4,518
Speak English "very well" 3,030
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,488
Korean 38,547
Speak English "very well" 17,373
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21,174
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 1,615
Speak English "very well" 853
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 762
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 4,118
Speak English "very well" 2,549
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,569
Laotian 1,692
Speak English "very well" 857
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 835
Vietnamese 19,194
Speak English "very well" 8,758
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,436
Other Asian Languages 28,498
Speak English "very well" 21,914
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,584
Tagalog 34,660
Speak English "very well" 25,461
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,199
Other Pacific Island Languages 3,813
Speak English "very well" 2,026
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,787
Navajo 453
Speak English "very well" 453
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 2,927
Speak English "very well" 2,756
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 171
Hungarian 2,270
Speak English "very well" 1,487
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 783
Arabic 20,236
Speak English "very well" 15,447
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,789
Hebrew 9,106
Speak English "very well" 8,208
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 898
African Languages 72,420
Speak English "very well" 53,233
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19,187
Other and Unspecified Languages 883
Speak English "very well" 632
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 251
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 83.0%
Field 308 17.0%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 56.7%
Field 310 43.3%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 74.6%
Field 315 25.4%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 61.3%
Field 316 38.7%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 75.3%
Field 319 24.7%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 68.8%
Field 322 31.2%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 89.0%
Field 325 11.0%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 80.5%
Field 328 19.5%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 82.9%
Field 331 17.1%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 94.1%
Field 334 5.9%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 71.2%
Field 337 28.8%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 59.3%
Field 340 40.7%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 66.9%
Field 343 33.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 66.9%
Field 346 33.1%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 81.9%
Field 349 18.1%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 73.5%
Field 352 26.5%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 61.6%
Field 355 38.4%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 68.8%
Field 358 31.2%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 81.9%
Field 361 18.1%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 73.6%
Field 364 26.4%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 61.9%
Field 367 38.1%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 77.7%
Field 370 22.3%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 53.3%
Field 373 46.7%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 67.1%
Field 376 32.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 45.1%
Field 379 54.9%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 52.8%
Field 382 47.2%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 61.9%
Field 388 38.1%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 50.7%
Field 391 49.3%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 45.6%
Field 394 54.4%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 76.9%
Field 397 23.1%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 73.5%
Field 400 26.5%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 53.1%
Field 403 46.9%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 94.2%
Field 409 5.8%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 65.5%
Field 412 34.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 76.3%
Field 415 23.7%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 90.1%
Field 418 9.9%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 73.5%
Field 421 26.5%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 71.6%
Field 424 28.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 719,523
Less than high school diploma 20.6%
High school diploma or GED 20.0%
Some college or associate's degree 19.1%
Bachelor's degree 19.7%
Graduate or professional degree 20.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 33.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 19.3%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 63.3%
% change: 1990-2000 68.7%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 74.7%
% change: 1990-2000 82.5%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 382,106
Less than high school diploma 11.6%
High school diploma or GED 17.8%
Some college or associate's degree 22.3%
Bachelor's degree 24.2%
Graduate or professional degree 24.1%
Noncitizens (%) 337,417
Less than high school diploma 30.6%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 15.6%
Bachelor's degree 14.7%
Graduate or professional degree 16.6%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,299,178
Less than high school diploma 8.7%
High school diploma or GED 26.9%
Some college or associate's degree 27.6%
Bachelor's degree 20.4%
Graduate or professional degree 16.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -39.2%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.4%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 30.5%
% change: 1990-2000 25.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 413,130
Less than high school diploma 21.9%
High school diploma or GED 17.7%
Some college or associate's degree 20.2%
Bachelor's degree 19.4%
Graduate or professional degree 20.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 16.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 15.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,082,441
Less than high school diploma 15.4%
High school diploma or GED 27.9%
Some college or associate's degree 26.6%
Bachelor's degree 17.7%
Graduate or professional degree 12.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 247,691
Less than high school diploma 21.7%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 22.2%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 19.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 11.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,876,478
Less than high school diploma 21.5%
High school diploma or GED 28.7%
Some college or associate's degree 24.1%
Bachelor's degree 15.5%
Graduate or professional degree 10.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.