E.g., 10/22/2014
E.g., 10/22/2014

State Language Data - LA

Louisiana

Language & Education
2012
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 167,628
Speak only English 17.8%
Speak English "very well" 34.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 75.7%
% change: 1990-2000 40.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 67,737
Speak only English 22.9%
Speak English "very well" 41.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.5%
Noncitizens 99,891
Speak only English 14.4%
Speak English "very well" 29.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,124,985
Speak only English 94.6%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -49.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -27.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,770
Speak only English 19.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 40.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,038,597
Speak only English 92.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 5.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 85,320
Speak only English 21.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,774,495
Speak only English 91.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 6.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 809,844
Speak only English 762,808
Speak language other than English 47,036
Speak English "very well"
38,618
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,418
Speak Spanish 27,302
Speak English "very well"
21,587
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,715
Ages 18-64 2,885,019
Speak only English 2,640,601
Speak language other than English 244,418
Speak English "very well"
159,052
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
85,366
Speak Spanish 114,565
Speak English "very well"
62,509
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
52,056
65 and Older 597,750
Speak only English 527,798
Speak language other than English 69,952
Speak English "very well"
47,444
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
22,508
Speak Spanish 11,434
Speak English "very well"
5,360
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
6,074
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 94.2%
Speak language other than English 5.8%
Speak English "very well" 4.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Speak Spanish 3.4%
Speak English "very well" 2.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 91.5%
Speak language other than English 8.5%
Speak English "very well" 5.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.0%
Speak Spanish 4.0%
Speak English "very well" 2.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.8%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 88.3%
Speak language other than English 11.7%
Speak English "very well" 7.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.8%
Speak Spanish 1.9%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 4,292,613
Speak only English 3,931,207
Speak language other than English 361,406
Spanish or Spanish Creole 153,301
Speak English "very well" 89,456
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 63,845
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 109,735
Speak English "very well" 92,607
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,128
French Creole 6,709
Speak English "very well" 5,826
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 883
Italian 2,490
Speak English "very well" 1,878
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 612
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 4,356
Speak English "very well" 2,763
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,593
German 5,114
Speak English "very well" 4,463
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 651
Yiddish 84
Speak English "very well" 50
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34
Other West Germanic Languages 729
Speak English "very well" 652
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 77
Scandinavian Languages 673
Speak English "very well" 635
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38
Greek 673
Speak English "very well" 554
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 119
Russian 1,496
Speak English "very well" 1,021
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 475
Polish 612
Speak English "very well" 612
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Serbo-Croatian 1,309
Speak English "very well" 859
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 450
Other Slavic Languages 156
Speak English "very well" 156
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Armenian 162
Speak English "very well" 162
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 2,191
Speak English "very well" 1,272
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 919
Gujarati 488
Speak English "very well" 170
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 318
Hindi 1,783
Speak English "very well" 1,644
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 139
Urdu 1,335
Speak English "very well" 1,010
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 325
Other Indic Languages 3,652
Speak English "very well" 2,538
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,114
Other Indo-European Languages 681
Speak English "very well" 536
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 145
Chinese 10,925
Speak English "very well" 5,808
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,117
Japanese 2,449
Speak English "very well" 1,529
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 920
Korean 3,698
Speak English "very well" 2,237
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,461
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 633
Speak English "very well" 263
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 370
Hmong 24
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24
Thai 399
Speak English "very well" 68
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 331
Laotian 686
Speak English "very well" 78
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 608
Vietnamese 28,526
Speak English "very well" 14,517
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,009
Other Asian Languages 2,154
Speak English "very well" 1,785
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 369
Tagalog 3,848
Speak English "very well" 2,767
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,081
Other Pacific Island Languages 1,504
Speak English "very well" 786
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 718
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 606
Speak English "very well" 374
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 232
Hungarian 190
Speak English "very well" 165
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25
Arabic 5,207
Speak English "very well" 3,652
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,555
Hebrew 397
Speak English "very well" 338
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59
African Languages 2,204
Speak English "very well" 1,680
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 524
Other and Unspecified Languages 227
Speak English "very well" 203
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 91.6%
Field 308 8.4%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 58.4%
Field 310 41.6%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 84.4%
Field 315 15.6%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 86.8%
Field 316 13.2%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 75.4%
Field 319 24.6%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 63.4%
Field 322 36.6%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 87.3%
Field 325 12.7%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 59.5%
Field 328 40.5%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 89.4%
Field 331 10.6%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 94.4%
Field 334 5.6%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 82.3%
Field 337 17.7%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 68.2%
Field 340 31.8%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 100.0%
Field 343 N
Field 346 100%
Field 346 65.6%
Field 346 34.4%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 100.0%
Field 349 N
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 58.1%
Field 355 41.9%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 34.8%
Field 358 65.2%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 92.2%
Field 361 7.8%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 75.7%
Field 364 24.3%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 69.5%
Field 367 30.5%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 78.7%
Field 370 21.3%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 53.2%
Field 373 46.8%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 62.4%
Field 376 37.6%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 60.5%
Field 379 39.5%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 41.5%
Field 382 58.5%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 100.0%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 17.0%
Field 388 83.0%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 11.4%
Field 391 88.6%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 50.9%
Field 394 49.1%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 82.9%
Field 397 17.1%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 71.9%
Field 400 28.1%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 52.3%
Field 403 47.7%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 61.7%
Field 409 38.3%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 86.8%
Field 412 13.2%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 70.1%
Field 415 29.9%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 85.1%
Field 418 14.9%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 76.2%
Field 421 23.8%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 89.4%
Field 424 10.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 143,294
Less than high school diploma 31.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.8%
Some college or associate's degree 18.1%
Bachelor's degree 14.2%
Graduate or professional degree 12.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.7%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2012 60.9%
% change: 1990-2000 41.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2012 32.4%
% change: 1990-2000 59.0%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 62,316
Less than high school diploma 20.1%
High school diploma or GED 25.8%
Some college or associate's degree 24.2%
Bachelor's degree 17.2%
Graduate or professional degree 12.7%
Noncitizens (%) 80,978
Less than high school diploma 40.7%
High school diploma or GED 22.2%
Some college or associate's degree 13.4%
Bachelor's degree 11.9%
Graduate or professional degree 11.7%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,863,311
Less than high school diploma 16.2%
High school diploma or GED 34.8%
Some college or associate's degree 27.2%
Bachelor's degree 14.4%
Graduate or professional degree 7.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -30.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -13.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 25.7%
% change: 1990-2000 26.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 96,383
Less than high school diploma 29.4%
High school diploma or GED 20.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 14.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,675,906
Less than high school diploma 25.2%
High school diploma or GED 32.8%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 68,409
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 23.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.5%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,451,321
Less than high school diploma 31.8%
High school diploma or GED 31.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.4%
Bachelor's degree 10.5%
Graduate or professional degree 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status” : Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.