E.g., 07/08/2015
E.g., 07/08/2015

State Language Data - LA

Louisiana

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 180,887
Speak only English 15.7%
Speak English "very well" 35.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 95.5%
% change: 1990-2000 40.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 75,998
Speak only English 22.6%
Speak English "very well" 44.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.2%
Noncitizens 104,889
Speak only English 10.8%
Speak English "very well" 28.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 61.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,139,585
Speak only English 95.0%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -55.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -27.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,770
Speak only English 19.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 40.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,038,597
Speak only English 92.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 5.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 85,320
Speak only English 21.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,774,495
Speak only English 91.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 6.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 807,676
Speak only English 760,486
Speak language other than English 47,190
Speak English "very well"
37,010
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,180
Speak Spanish 26,749
Speak English "very well"
20,544
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
6,205
Ages 18-64 2,905,838
Speak only English 2,665,035
Speak language other than English 240,803
Speak English "very well"
147,746
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
93,057
Speak Spanish 113,829
Speak English "very well"
55,587
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
58,242
65 and Older 606,958
Speak only English 537,241
Speak language other than English 69,717
Speak English "very well"
51,963
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
17,754
Speak Spanish 10,581
Speak English "very well"
6,348
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,233
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 94.2%
Speak language other than English 5.8%
Speak English "very well" 4.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.3%
Speak Spanish 3.3%
Speak English "very well" 2.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 91.7%
Speak language other than English 8.3%
Speak English "very well" 5.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.2%
Speak Spanish 3.9%
Speak English "very well" 1.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 88.5%
Speak language other than English 11.5%
Speak English "very well" 8.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.9%
Speak Spanish 1.7%
Speak English "very well" 1.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 4,320,472
Speak only English 3,962,762
Speak language other than English 357,710
Spanish or Spanish Creole 151,159
Speak English "very well" 82,479
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 68,680
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 104,930
Speak English "very well" 88,764
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16,166
French Creole 9,785
Speak English "very well" 8,998
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 787
Italian 1,781
Speak English "very well" 1,381
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 400
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 2,884
Speak English "very well" 2,172
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 712
German 5,095
Speak English "very well" 4,299
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 796
Yiddish N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 1,107
Speak English "very well" 1,031
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 76
Scandinavian Languages 674
Speak English "very well" 674
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Greek 1,206
Speak English "very well" 1,008
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 198
Russian 823
Speak English "very well" 506
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 317
Polish 388
Speak English "very well" 352
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36
Serbo-Croatian 1,011
Speak English "very well" 647
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 364
Other Slavic Languages 1,038
Speak English "very well" 938
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 100
Armenian 300
Speak English "very well" 246
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54
Persian 1,677
Speak English "very well" 1,320
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 357
Gujarati 1,319
Speak English "very well" 769
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 550
Hindi 2,606
Speak English "very well" 2,018
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 588
Urdu 3,304
Speak English "very well" 2,133
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,171
Other Indic Languages 3,411
Speak English "very well" 2,368
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,043
Other Indo-European Languages 526
Speak English "very well" 397
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 129
Chinese 8,359
Speak English "very well" 3,442
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,917
Japanese 1,657
Speak English "very well" 1,131
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 526
Korean 2,768
Speak English "very well" 1,370
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,398
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 479
Speak English "very well" 100
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 379
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 579
Speak English "very well" 269
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 310
Laotian 1,637
Speak English "very well" 936
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 701
Vietnamese 23,497
Speak English "very well" 9,096
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,401
Other Asian Languages 3,163
Speak English "very well" 2,078
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,085
Tagalog 5,216
Speak English "very well" 3,488
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,728
Other Pacific Island Languages 687
Speak English "very well" 687
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Navajo 47
Speak English "very well" 47
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 1,242
Speak English "very well" 1,157
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 85
Hungarian 547
Speak English "very well" 547
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Arabic 9,662
Speak English "very well" 7,649
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,013
Hebrew 603
Speak English "very well" 290
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 313
African Languages 2,289
Speak English "very well" 1,749
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 540
Other and Unspecified Languages 254
Speak English "very well" 183
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 71
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 91.7%
Field 308 8.3%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 54.6%
Field 310 45.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 84.6%
Field 315 15.4%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 92.0%
Field 316 8.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 77.5%
Field 319 22.5%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 75.3%
Field 322 24.7%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 84.4%
Field 325 15.6%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 N
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 93.1%
Field 331 6.9%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 100.0%
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 83.6%
Field 337 16.4%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 61.5%
Field 340 38.5%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 90.7%
Field 343 9.3%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 64.0%
Field 346 36.0%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 90.4%
Field 349 9.6%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 82.0%
Field 352 18.0%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 78.7%
Field 355 21.3%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 58.3%
Field 358 41.7%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 77.4%
Field 361 22.6%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 64.6%
Field 364 35.4%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 69.4%
Field 367 30.6%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 75.5%
Field 370 24.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 41.2%
Field 373 58.8%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 68.3%
Field 376 31.7%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 49.5%
Field 379 50.5%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 20.9%
Field 382 79.1%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 46.5%
Field 388 53.5%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 57.2%
Field 391 42.8%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 38.7%
Field 394 61.3%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 65.7%
Field 397 34.3%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 66.9%
Field 400 33.1%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 100.0%
Field 403 N
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 93.2%
Field 409 6.8%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 100.0%
Field 412 N
Field 415 100%
Field 415 79.2%
Field 415 20.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 48.1%
Field 418 51.9%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 76.4%
Field 421 23.6%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 72.0%
Field 424 28.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 152,925
Less than high school diploma 27.3%
High school diploma or GED 24.2%
Some college or associate's degree 19.4%
Bachelor's degree 15.3%
Graduate or professional degree 13.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.5%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 47.5%
% change: 1990-2000 41.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 56.1%
% change: 1990-2000 59.0%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 70,339
Less than high school diploma 17.4%
High school diploma or GED 23.7%
Some college or associate's degree 26.2%
Bachelor's degree 17.2%
Graduate or professional degree 15.5%
Noncitizens (%) 82,586
Less than high school diploma 35.7%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 13.7%
Bachelor's degree 13.7%
Graduate or professional degree 12.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,882,048
Less than high school diploma 16.4%
High school diploma or GED 34.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.4%
Bachelor's degree 14.9%
Graduate or professional degree 7.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -29.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -13.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 29.3%
% change: 1990-2000 26.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 96,383
Less than high school diploma 29.4%
High school diploma or GED 20.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 14.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,675,906
Less than high school diploma 25.2%
High school diploma or GED 32.8%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 68,409
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 23.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.5%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,451,321
Less than high school diploma 31.8%
High school diploma or GED 31.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.4%
Bachelor's degree 10.5%
Graduate or professional degree 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.