E.g., 09/16/2014
E.g., 09/16/2014

State Language Data - GA

Georgia

Language & Education
2012
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 932,962
Speak only English 18.0%
Speak English "very well" 35.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.1%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 47.7%
% change: 1990-2000 381.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 352,147
Speak only English 27.2%
Speak English "very well" 43.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29.2%
Noncitizens 580,815
Speak only English 12.4%
Speak English "very well" 31.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,315,878
Speak only English 94.3%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 0.7%
% change: 1990-2000 72.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 567,081
Speak only English 18.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,027,395
Speak only English 95.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 170,192
Speak only English 28.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,803,738
Speak only English 97.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,824,642
Speak only English 1,557,729
Speak language other than English 266,913
Speak English "very well"
210,723
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
56,190
Speak Spanish 188,706
Speak English "very well"
148,230
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
40,476
Ages 18-64 6,284,842
Speak only English 5,385,801
Speak language other than English 899,041
Speak English "very well"
479,898
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
419,143
Speak Spanish 511,840
Speak English "very well"
234,584
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
277,256
65 and Older 1,139,356
Speak only English 1,068,166
Speak language other than English 71,190
Speak English "very well"
32,880
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
38,310
Speak Spanish 25,614
Speak English "very well"
12,046
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
13,568
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 85.4%
Speak language other than English 14.6%
Speak English "very well" 11.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.1%
Speak Spanish 10.3%
Speak English "very well" 8.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.2%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 85.7%
Speak language other than English 14.3%
Speak English "very well" 7.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.7%
Speak Spanish 8.1%
Speak English "very well" 3.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.4%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 93.8%
Speak language other than English 6.2%
Speak English "very well" 2.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.4%
Speak Spanish 2.2%
Speak English "very well" 1.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,248,840
Speak only English 8,011,696
Speak language other than English 1,237,144
Spanish or Spanish Creole 726,160
Speak English "very well" 394,860
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 331,300
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 43,084
Speak English "very well" 36,222
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,862
French Creole 19,497
Speak English "very well" 13,119
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,378
Italian 4,126
Speak English "very well" 3,481
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 645
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 11,916
Speak English "very well" 7,704
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,212
German 23,262
Speak English "very well" 18,881
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,381
Yiddish 414
Speak English "very well" 414
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 4,490
Speak English "very well" 3,868
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 622
Scandinavian Languages 2,249
Speak English "very well" 1,913
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 336
Greek 2,841
Speak English "very well" 2,577
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 264
Russian 16,071
Speak English "very well" 11,142
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,929
Polish 3,739
Speak English "very well" 3,044
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 695
Serbo-Croatian 7,977
Speak English "very well" 4,111
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,866
Other Slavic Languages 4,811
Speak English "very well" 3,065
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,746
Armenian 1,329
Speak English "very well" 641
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 688
Persian 7,839
Speak English "very well" 4,615
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,224
Gujarati 19,417
Speak English "very well" 12,701
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,716
Hindi 23,163
Speak English "very well" 17,565
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,598
Urdu 10,140
Speak English "very well" 7,526
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,614
Other Indic Languages 24,579
Speak English "very well" 13,779
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,800
Other Indo-European Languages 14,506
Speak English "very well" 9,852
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,654
Chinese 38,771
Speak English "very well" 18,984
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19,787
Japanese 9,745
Speak English "very well" 5,319
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,426
Korean 45,091
Speak English "very well" 19,411
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25,680
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 3,547
Speak English "very well" 1,167
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,380
Hmong 2,435
Speak English "very well" 1,394
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,041
Thai 1,384
Speak English "very well" 837
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 547
Laotian 5,945
Speak English "very well" 4,019
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,926
Vietnamese 37,460
Speak English "very well" 14,709
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22,751
Other Asian Languages 27,909
Speak English "very well" 17,793
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,116
Tagalog 16,280
Speak English "very well" 12,179
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,101
Other Pacific Island Languages 4,266
Speak English "very well" 3,327
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 939
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 466
Speak English "very well" 466
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hungarian 1,633
Speak English "very well" 1,235
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 398
Arabic 17,197
Speak English "very well" 13,447
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,750
Hebrew 2,482
Speak English "very well" 2,482
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
African Languages 48,514
Speak English "very well" 34,583
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,931
Other and Unspecified Languages 2,409
Speak English "very well" 1,069
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,340
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 86.6%
Field 308 13.4%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 54.4%
Field 310 45.6%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 84.1%
Field 315 15.9%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 67.3%
Field 316 32.7%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 84.4%
Field 319 15.6%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 64.7%
Field 322 35.3%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 81.2%
Field 325 18.8%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 86.1%
Field 331 13.9%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 85.1%
Field 334 14.9%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 90.7%
Field 337 9.3%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 69.3%
Field 340 30.7%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 81.4%
Field 343 18.6%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 51.5%
Field 346 48.5%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 63.7%
Field 349 36.3%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 48.2%
Field 352 51.8%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 58.9%
Field 355 41.1%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 65.4%
Field 358 34.6%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 75.8%
Field 361 24.2%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 74.2%
Field 364 25.8%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 56.1%
Field 367 43.9%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 67.9%
Field 370 32.1%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 49.0%
Field 373 51.0%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 54.6%
Field 376 45.4%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 43.0%
Field 379 57.0%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 32.9%
Field 382 67.1%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 57.2%
Field 385 42.8%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 60.5%
Field 388 39.5%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 67.6%
Field 391 32.4%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 39.3%
Field 394 60.7%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 63.8%
Field 397 36.2%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 74.8%
Field 400 25.2%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 78.0%
Field 403 22.0%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 75.6%
Field 412 24.4%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 78.2%
Field 415 21.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 100.0%
Field 418 N
Field 421 100%
Field 421 71.3%
Field 421 28.7%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 44.4%
Field 424 55.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 782,124
Less than high school diploma 28.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.6%
Some college or associate's degree 18.6%
Bachelor's degree 17.7%
Graduate or professional degree 12.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 23.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 12.9%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2012 64.3%
% change: 1990-2000 346.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2012 98.5%
% change: 1990-2000 189.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 320,549
Less than high school diploma 14.4%
High school diploma or GED 21.4%
Some college or associate's degree 24.5%
Bachelor's degree 23.3%
Graduate or professional degree 16.4%
Noncitizens (%) 461,575
Less than high school diploma 38.9%
High school diploma or GED 23.4%
Some college or associate's degree 14.5%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 9.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 5,621,714
Less than high school diploma 13.1%
High school diploma or GED 29.1%
Some college or associate's degree 29.9%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -24.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 37.3%
% change: 1990-2000 56.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 410,449
Less than high school diploma 33.5%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.4%
Bachelor's degree 17.1%
Graduate or professional degree 11.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 12.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,779,828
Less than high school diploma 20.3%
High school diploma or GED 29.4%
Some college or associate's degree 26.3%
Bachelor's degree 16.0%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 130,933
Less than high school diploma 23.5%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 22.8%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,882,814
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 30.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.7%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status” : Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.