E.g., 03/04/2015
E.g., 03/04/2015

State Language Data - GA

Georgia

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 964,306
Speak only English 18.5%
Speak English "very well" 34.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 55.5%
% change: 1990-2000 381.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 374,461
Speak only English 28.6%
Speak English "very well" 41.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29.5%
Noncitizens 589,845
Speak only English 12%
Speak English "very well" 30%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 58.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,370,845
Speak only English 94.3%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -9.1%
% change: 1990-2000 72.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 567,081
Speak only English 18.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,027,395
Speak only English 95.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 170,192
Speak only English 28.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,803,738
Speak only English 97.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,833,365
Speak only English 1,552,255
Speak language other than English 281,110
Speak English "very well"
228,830
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
52,280
Speak Spanish 198,374
Speak English "very well"
160,600
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
37,774
Ages 18-64 6,311,013
Speak only English 5,396,274
Speak language other than English 914,739
Speak English "very well"
482,511
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
432,228
Speak Spanish 520,137
Speak English "very well"
231,632
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
288,505
65 and Older 1,190,773
Speak only English 1,119,787
Speak language other than English 70,986
Speak English "very well"
27,209
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
43,777
Speak Spanish 22,896
Speak English "very well"
8,538
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
14,358
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 84.7%
Speak language other than English 15.3%
Speak English "very well" 12.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.9%
Speak Spanish 10.8%
Speak English "very well" 8.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.1%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 85.5%
Speak language other than English 14.5%
Speak English "very well" 7.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.8%
Speak Spanish 8.2%
Speak English "very well" 3.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.6%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 94.0%
Speak language other than English 6.0%
Speak English "very well" 2.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.7%
Speak Spanish 1.9%
Speak English "very well" 0.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,335,151
Speak only English 8,068,316
Speak language other than English 1,266,835
Spanish or Spanish Creole 741,407
Speak English "very well" 400,770
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 340,637
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 35,427
Speak English "very well" 29,684
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,743
French Creole 18,753
Speak English "very well" 14,178
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,575
Italian 4,782
Speak English "very well" 3,568
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,214
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 9,267
Speak English "very well" 5,606
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,661
German 26,334
Speak English "very well" 22,747
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,587
Yiddish 416
Speak English "very well" 416
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 8,617
Speak English "very well" 7,877
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 740
Scandinavian Languages 2,301
Speak English "very well" 2,222
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 79
Greek 3,308
Speak English "very well" 2,609
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 699
Russian 13,838
Speak English "very well" 9,292
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,546
Polish 3,001
Speak English "very well" 2,257
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 744
Serbo-Croatian 6,352
Speak English "very well" 3,824
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,528
Other Slavic Languages 4,322
Speak English "very well" 2,387
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,935
Armenian 196
Speak English "very well" 196
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 8,463
Speak English "very well" 4,942
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,521
Gujarati 20,497
Speak English "very well" 14,111
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,386
Hindi 24,892
Speak English "very well" 18,844
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,048
Urdu 13,690
Speak English "very well" 9,539
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,151
Other Indic Languages 19,839
Speak English "very well" 11,645
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,194
Other Indo-European Languages 14,109
Speak English "very well" 9,154
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,955
Chinese 46,521
Speak English "very well" 25,144
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21,377
Japanese 9,139
Speak English "very well" 5,995
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,144
Korean 43,863
Speak English "very well" 20,773
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23,090
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 4,703
Speak English "very well" 2,897
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,806
Hmong 2,162
Speak English "very well" 1,442
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 720
Thai 3,177
Speak English "very well" 1,517
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,660
Laotian 6,841
Speak English "very well" 4,294
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,547
Vietnamese 46,350
Speak English "very well" 16,751
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29,599
Other Asian Languages 30,837
Speak English "very well" 20,828
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,009
Tagalog 10,795
Speak English "very well" 8,617
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,178
Other Pacific Island Languages 3,900
Speak English "very well" 2,387
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,513
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 1,400
Speak English "very well" 1,213
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 187
Hungarian 1,042
Speak English "very well" 561
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 481
Arabic 18,501
Speak English "very well" 11,780
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,721
Hebrew 2,185
Speak English "very well" 2,160
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25
African Languages 53,612
Speak English "very well" 34,859
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,753
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,996
Speak English "very well" 1,464
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 532
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 86.4%
Field 308 13.6%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 54.1%
Field 310 45.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 83.8%
Field 315 16.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 75.6%
Field 316 24.4%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 74.6%
Field 319 25.4%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 60.5%
Field 322 39.5%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 86.4%
Field 325 13.6%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 91.4%
Field 331 8.6%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 96.6%
Field 334 3.4%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 78.9%
Field 337 21.1%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 67.1%
Field 340 32.9%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 75.2%
Field 343 24.8%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 60.2%
Field 346 39.8%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 55.2%
Field 349 44.8%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 58.4%
Field 355 41.6%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 68.8%
Field 358 31.2%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 75.7%
Field 361 24.3%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 69.7%
Field 364 30.3%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 58.7%
Field 367 41.3%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 64.9%
Field 370 35.1%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 54.0%
Field 373 46.0%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 65.6%
Field 376 34.4%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 47.4%
Field 379 52.6%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 61.6%
Field 382 38.4%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 66.7%
Field 385 33.3%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 47.7%
Field 388 52.3%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 62.8%
Field 391 37.2%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 36.1%
Field 394 63.9%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 67.5%
Field 397 32.5%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 79.8%
Field 400 20.2%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 61.2%
Field 403 38.8%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 86.6%
Field 409 13.4%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 53.8%
Field 412 46.2%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 63.7%
Field 415 36.3%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 98.9%
Field 418 1.1%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 65.0%
Field 421 35.0%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 73.3%
Field 424 26.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 812,925
Less than high school diploma 30.1%
High school diploma or GED 23.0%
Some college or associate's degree 18.9%
Bachelor's degree 16.9%
Graduate or professional degree 11.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 26.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 12.5%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 77.7%
% change: 1990-2000 346.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 93.8%
% change: 1990-2000 189.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 337,130
Less than high school diploma 13.3%
High school diploma or GED 22%
Some college or associate's degree 26.2%
Bachelor's degree 23.2%
Graduate or professional degree 15.3%
Noncitizens (%) 475,795
Less than high school diploma 42%
High school diploma or GED 23.6%
Some college or associate's degree 13.7%
Bachelor's degree 12.5%
Graduate or professional degree 8.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 5,659,247
Less than high school diploma 12.3%
High school diploma or GED 29.4%
Some college or associate's degree 30.0%
Bachelor's degree 17.9%
Graduate or professional degree 10.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -28.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 40.0%
% change: 1990-2000 56.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 410,449
Less than high school diploma 33.5%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.4%
Bachelor's degree 17.1%
Graduate or professional degree 11.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 12.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,779,828
Less than high school diploma 20.3%
High school diploma or GED 29.4%
Some college or associate's degree 26.3%
Bachelor's degree 16.0%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 130,933
Less than high school diploma 23.5%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 22.8%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,882,814
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 30.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.7%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.