E.g., 03/06/2015
E.g., 03/06/2015

State Language Data - AR

Arkansas

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 132,458
Speak only English 21.5%
Speak English "very well" 27.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 71.2%
% change: 1990-2000 421.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 43,618
Speak only English 32.2%
Speak English "very well" 34.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.3%
Noncitizens 88,840
Speak only English 16.2%
Speak English "very well" 24.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,636,713
Speak only English 96.7%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 2.8%
% change: 1990-2000 39.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 72,196
Speak only English 18.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 26.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,420,009
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 25,099
Speak only English 38.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 31.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,154,750
Speak only English 97.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 521,420
Speak only English 473,627
Speak language other than English 47,793
Speak English "very well"
34,349
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
13,444
Speak Spanish 39,842
Speak English "very well"
29,695
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,147
Ages 18-64 1,794,209
Speak only English 1,660,732
Speak language other than English 133,477
Speak English "very well"
64,934
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
68,543
Speak Spanish 95,145
Speak English "very well"
40,962
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
54,183
65 and Older 453,542
Speak only English 444,581
Speak language other than English 8,961
Speak English "very well"
4,760
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,201
Speak Spanish 4,567
Speak English "very well"
2,137
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
2,430
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 90.8%
Speak language other than English 9.2%
Speak English "very well" 6.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.6%
Speak Spanish 7.6%
Speak English "very well" 5.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 92.6%
Speak language other than English 7.4%
Speak English "very well" 3.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.8%
Speak Spanish 5.3%
Speak English "very well" 2.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 98.0%
Speak language other than English 2.0%
Speak English "very well" 1.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.9%
Speak Spanish 1.0%
Speak English "very well" 0.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 2,769,171
Speak only English 2,578,940
Speak language other than English 190,231
Spanish or Spanish Creole 139,554
Speak English "very well" 72,794
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 66,760
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 2,597
Speak English "very well" 2,110
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 487
French Creole 85
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 85
Italian 868
Speak English "very well" 439
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 429
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 852
Speak English "very well" 757
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 95
German 5,890
Speak English "very well" 5,436
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 454
Yiddish N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 2,056
Speak English "very well" 1,373
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 683
Scandinavian Languages 504
Speak English "very well" 504
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Greek 114
Speak English "very well" 48
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 66
Russian 544
Speak English "very well" 400
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 144
Polish 207
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 207
Serbo-Croatian 322
Speak English "very well" 130
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 192
Other Slavic Languages 523
Speak English "very well" 523
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Armenian 318
Speak English "very well" 70
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 248
Persian 1,357
Speak English "very well" 409
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 948
Gujarati 1,434
Speak English "very well" 1,083
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 351
Hindi 1,035
Speak English "very well" 919
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 116
Urdu 620
Speak English "very well" 381
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 239
Other Indic Languages 866
Speak English "very well" 740
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 126
Other Indo-European Languages 490
Speak English "very well" 399
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 91
Chinese 3,822
Speak English "very well" 1,771
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,051
Japanese 464
Speak English "very well" 61
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 403
Korean 1,185
Speak English "very well" 434
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 751
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 575
Speak English "very well" 174
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 401
Hmong 759
Speak English "very well" 528
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 231
Thai 388
Speak English "very well" 238
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 150
Laotian 3,760
Speak English "very well" 1,684
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,076
Vietnamese 4,513
Speak English "very well" 1,005
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,508
Other Asian Languages 2,974
Speak English "very well" 1,933
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,041
Tagalog 3,025
Speak English "very well" 2,114
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 911
Other Pacific Island Languages 1,801
Speak English "very well" 825
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 976
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 575
Speak English "very well" 527
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48
Hungarian 18
Speak English "very well" 18
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Arabic 3,454
Speak English "very well" 2,290
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,164
Hebrew N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
African Languages 1,640
Speak English "very well" 884
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 756
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,042
Speak English "very well" 1,042
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.1%
Field 308 6.9%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 52.2%
Field 310 47.8%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 81.2%
Field 315 18.8%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 N
Field 316 100.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 50.6%
Field 319 49.4%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 88.8%
Field 322 11.2%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 92.3%
Field 325 7.7%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 N
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 66.8%
Field 331 33.2%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 100.0%
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 42.1%
Field 337 57.9%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 73.5%
Field 340 26.5%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 N
Field 343 100.0%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 40.4%
Field 346 59.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 100.0%
Field 349 N
Field 352 100%
Field 352 22.0%
Field 352 78.0%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 30.1%
Field 355 69.9%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 75.5%
Field 358 24.5%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 88.8%
Field 361 11.2%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 61.5%
Field 364 38.5%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 85.5%
Field 367 14.5%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 81.4%
Field 370 18.6%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 46.3%
Field 373 53.7%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 13.1%
Field 376 86.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 36.6%
Field 379 63.4%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 30.3%
Field 382 69.7%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 69.6%
Field 385 30.4%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 61.3%
Field 388 38.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 44.8%
Field 391 55.2%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 22.3%
Field 394 77.7%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 65.0%
Field 397 35.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 69.9%
Field 400 30.1%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 45.8%
Field 403 54.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 91.7%
Field 409 8.3%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 100.0%
Field 412 N
Field 415 100%
Field 415 66.3%
Field 415 33.7%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 N
Field 418 N
Field 421 100%
Field 421 53.9%
Field 421 46.1%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 100.0%
Field 424 N
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 110,078
Less than high school diploma 42.4%
High school diploma or GED 22.7%
Some college or associate's degree 15.9%
Bachelor's degree 10.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 15.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.2%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 97.7%
% change: 1990-2000 287.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 108.3%
% change: 1990-2000 151.0%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 38,979
Less than high school diploma 28.3%
High school diploma or GED 26.3%
Some college or associate's degree 23.4%
Bachelor's degree 13%
Graduate or professional degree 9%
Noncitizens (%) 71,099
Less than high school diploma 50.2%
High school diploma or GED 20.7%
Some college or associate's degree 11.8%
Bachelor's degree 8.8%
Graduate or professional degree 8.4%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,850,425
Less than high school diploma 14.0%
High school diploma or GED 36.0%
Some college or associate's degree 29.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.6%
Graduate or professional degree 7.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -35.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -18.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 36.1%
% change: 1990-2000 42.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 51,326
Less than high school diploma 46.0%
High school diploma or GED 18.4%
Some college or associate's degree 16.0%
Bachelor's degree 10.2%
Graduate or professional degree 9.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,681,371
Less than high school diploma 23.9%
High school diploma or GED 34.5%
Some college or associate's degree 24.9%
Bachelor's degree 11.2%
Graduate or professional degree 5.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 19,725
Less than high school diploma 31.0%
High school diploma or GED 27.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.9%
Bachelor's degree 9.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,471,113
Less than high school diploma 33.6%
High school diploma or GED 32.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.2%
Bachelor's degree 8.9%
Graduate or professional degree 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.