E.g., 10/25/2014
E.g., 10/25/2014

State Language Data - AR

Arkansas

Language & Education
2012
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 128,492
Speak only English 18.2%
Speak English "very well" 29.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 69.7%
% change: 1990-2000 421.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 41,071
Speak only English 28.3%
Speak English "very well" 33.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38%
Noncitizens 87,421
Speak only English 13.5%
Speak English "very well" 28%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 58.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,628,983
Speak only English 96.8%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -2.0%
% change: 1990-2000 39.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 72,196
Speak only English 18.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 26.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,420,009
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 25,099
Speak only English 38.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 31.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,154,750
Speak only English 97.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 519,973
Speak only English 470,668
Speak language other than English 49,305
Speak English "very well"
38,871
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,434
Speak Spanish 39,128
Speak English "very well"
30,994
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,134
Ages 18-64 1,796,395
Speak only English 1,665,024
Speak language other than English 131,371
Speak English "very well"
60,436
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
70,935
Speak Spanish 95,307
Speak English "very well"
39,199
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
56,108
65 and Older 441,107
Speak only English 432,206
Speak language other than English 8,901
Speak English "very well"
5,521
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,380
Speak Spanish 3,365
Speak English "very well"
2,221
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,144
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 90.5%
Speak language other than English 9.5%
Speak English "very well" 7.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Speak Spanish 7.5%
Speak English "very well" 6.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.6%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 92.7%
Speak language other than English 7.3%
Speak English "very well" 3.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.9%
Speak Spanish 5.3%
Speak English "very well" 2.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.1%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 98.0%
Speak language other than English 2.0%
Speak English "very well" 1.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
Speak Spanish 0.8%
Speak English "very well" 0.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 2,757,475
Speak only English 2,567,898
Speak language other than English 189,577
Spanish or Spanish Creole 137,800
Speak English "very well" 72,414
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 65,386
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 4,029
Speak English "very well" 3,129
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 900
French Creole 44
Speak English "very well" 44
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian 779
Speak English "very well" 620
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 159
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 637
Speak English "very well" 637
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
German 5,805
Speak English "very well" 5,408
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 397
Yiddish N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 1,144
Speak English "very well" 1,119
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25
Scandinavian Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Greek 127
Speak English "very well" 119
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8
Russian 791
Speak English "very well" 630
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 161
Polish 375
Speak English "very well" 283
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 92
Serbo-Croatian 181
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 181
Other Slavic Languages 355
Speak English "very well" 226
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 129
Armenian 88
Speak English "very well" 88
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 72
Speak English "very well" 72
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Gujarati 1,189
Speak English "very well" 725
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 464
Hindi 1,781
Speak English "very well" 843
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 938
Urdu 743
Speak English "very well" 653
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 90
Other Indic Languages 3,477
Speak English "very well" 2,977
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 500
Other Indo-European Languages 240
Speak English "very well" 123
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 117
Chinese 3,041
Speak English "very well" 1,741
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,300
Japanese 466
Speak English "very well" 145
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 321
Korean 1,191
Speak English "very well" 630
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 561
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 296
Speak English "very well" 195
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 101
Hmong 1,379
Speak English "very well" 943
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 436
Thai 561
Speak English "very well" 13
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 548
Laotian 2,327
Speak English "very well" 1,304
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,023
Vietnamese 5,229
Speak English "very well" 1,954
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,275
Other Asian Languages 2,242
Speak English "very well" 1,768
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 474
Tagalog 2,287
Speak English "very well" 1,434
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 853
Other Pacific Island Languages 4,529
Speak English "very well" 1,522
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,007
Navajo 17
Speak English "very well" 17
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 1,145
Speak English "very well" 535
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 610
Hungarian 49
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49
Arabic 4,431
Speak English "very well" 1,926
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,505
Hebrew N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
African Languages 265
Speak English "very well" 265
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other and Unspecified Languages 465
Speak English "very well" 326
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 139
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.1%
Field 308 6.9%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 52.6%
Field 310 47.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 77.7%
Field 315 22.3%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 100.0%
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 79.6%
Field 319 20.4%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 100.0%
Field 322 N
Field 325 100%
Field 325 93.2%
Field 325 6.8%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 N
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 97.8%
Field 331 2.2%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 N
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 93.7%
Field 337 6.3%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 79.6%
Field 340 20.4%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 75.5%
Field 343 24.5%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 N
Field 346 100.0%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 63.7%
Field 349 36.3%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 100.0%
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 61.0%
Field 358 39.0%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 47.3%
Field 361 52.7%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 87.9%
Field 364 12.1%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 85.6%
Field 367 14.4%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 51.3%
Field 370 48.8%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 57.3%
Field 373 42.7%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 31.1%
Field 376 68.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 52.9%
Field 379 47.1%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 65.9%
Field 382 34.1%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 68.4%
Field 385 31.6%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 2.3%
Field 388 97.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 56.0%
Field 391 44.0%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 37.4%
Field 394 62.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 78.9%
Field 397 21.1%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 62.7%
Field 400 37.3%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 33.6%
Field 403 66.4%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 46.7%
Field 409 53.3%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 N
Field 412 100.0%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 43.5%
Field 415 56.5%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 N
Field 418 N
Field 421 100%
Field 421 100.0%
Field 421 N
Field 424 100%
Field 424 70.1%
Field 424 29.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 102,858
Less than high school diploma 40.9%
High school diploma or GED 24.8%
Some college or associate's degree 14.0%
Bachelor's degree 10.0%
Graduate or professional degree 10.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 14.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.1%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2012 78.0%
% change: 1990-2000 287.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2012 108.5%
% change: 1990-2000 151.0%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 36,721
Less than high school diploma 27.8%
High school diploma or GED 26.9%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 10.8%
Graduate or professional degree 11%
Noncitizens (%) 66,137
Less than high school diploma 48.2%
High school diploma or GED 23.6%
Some college or associate's degree 8.7%
Bachelor's degree 9.6%
Graduate or professional degree 9.9%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,846,524
Less than high school diploma 13.8%
High school diploma or GED 35.8%
Some college or associate's degree 29.4%
Bachelor's degree 14.0%
Graduate or professional degree 7.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -36.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -18.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 37.9%
% change: 1990-2000 42.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 51,326
Less than high school diploma 46.0%
High school diploma or GED 18.4%
Some college or associate's degree 16.0%
Bachelor's degree 10.2%
Graduate or professional degree 9.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,681,371
Less than high school diploma 23.9%
High school diploma or GED 34.5%
Some college or associate's degree 24.9%
Bachelor's degree 11.2%
Graduate or professional degree 5.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 19,725
Less than high school diploma 31.0%
High school diploma or GED 27.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.9%
Bachelor's degree 9.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,471,113
Less than high school diploma 33.6%
High school diploma or GED 32.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.2%
Bachelor's degree 8.9%
Graduate or professional degree 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status” : Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.