E.g., 12/17/2014
E.g., 12/17/2014

State Income Data - TX

Texas

Income & Poverty
2012
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

4,208,018
Below 100% of the poverty level 24.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 28.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 47.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 46.7%
% change: 1990-2000 46.0%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 24.5%
With related children under age 18
30.4%
With related children under age 5
23.9%
Married-couple families 18.5%
With related children under age 18
22.2%
With related children under age 5
15.0%
Families with female householder, no husband present 47.2%
With related children under age 18
57.1%
With related children under age 5
57.9%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 1,425,090
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.6%
100-199% of the poverty level
21.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
66.2%
Noncitizens 2,782,928
Below 100% of the poverty level
29.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
32.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
37.9%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa 155,077
Below 100% of the poverty level
19.7%
Born in Asia 821,344
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.6%
Born in Europe 176,347
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,003,807
Below 100% of the poverty level
28.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 41,883
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.8%
Born in Oceania 9,560
Below 100% of the poverty level
18.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 21,242,500
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 47.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -3.7%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 11.0%
With related children under age 18
16.9%
With related children under age 5
18.2%
Married-couple families 5.0%
With related children under age 18
6.9%
With related children under age 5
6.7%
Families with female householder, no husband present 30.3%
With related children under age 18
38.4%
With related children under age 5
44.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 2,879,785
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 30.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 45.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 17,437,883
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,486,943
Below 100% of the poverty level 31.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 29.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 38.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 15,056,820
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 23,545,402
Below 100% of the poverty level 4,014,390
Speaks only English
15,213,298
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,992,232
Speaks Spanish
7,045,918
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,847,570
Speaks other Indo-European languages
492,851
Below 100% of the poverty level 59,745
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
623,327
Below 100% of the poverty level 77,678
Speaks other languages
170,008
Below 100% of the poverty level 37,165
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.0%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.1%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 26.2%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.1%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.5%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 21.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,807,500
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 3.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 9.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 27.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 15.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 12.3%
Earned $75,000 or more 13.9%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenshi  
Naturalized citizens (%) 702,179
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
5.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
17.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
16.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.9%
Earned $75,000 or more
21.9%
Noncitizens (%) 1,105,321
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
4.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
12.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
33.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
19.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
13.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
8.8%
Earned $75,000 or more
8.8%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $31,216
Female $25,380
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$45,429
Female
$33,687
Noncitizens  
Male
$26,426
Female
$20,234
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 6,838,868
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 4.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.1%
Earned $75,000 or more 20.7%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $49,773
Female $37,063
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $40,067
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $53,728
Noncitizens $32,366
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $53,410
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 57.1%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 75.1%
Noncitizens 44.4%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 63.5%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 4,218,367
With health insurance 51.4%
With private health insurance
38.1%
With public coverage
16.5%
No health insurance coverage 48.6%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 1,426,253
With health insurance 74.1%
With private health insurance
56.9%
With public coverage
24.3%
No health insurance coverage 25.9%
Noncitizens (%) 2,792,114
With health insurance 39.9%
With private health insurance
28.5%
With public coverage
12.6%
No health insurance coverage 60.1%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 21,366,132
With health insurance 82.6%
With private health insurance
61.1%
With public coverage
30.7%
No health insurance coverage 17.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.