E.g., 08/27/2014
E.g., 08/27/2014

State Income Data - MI

Michigan

Income & Poverty
2012
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

594,920
Below 100% of the poverty level 21.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.3%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 80.4%
% change: 1990-2000 56.2%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 19.0%
With related children under age 18
26.1%
With related children under age 5
23.7%
Married-couple families 15.7%
With related children under age 18
22.4%
With related children under age 5
21.8%
Families with female householder, no husband present 39.9%
With related children under age 18
49.1%
With related children under age 5
43.4%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 300,672
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
17.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
68.0%
Noncitizens 294,248
Below 100% of the poverty level
28.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
21.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
50.5%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 275,031
Below 100% of the poverty level
25.3%
Born in Europe 140,172
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 115,732
Below 100% of the poverty level
29.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 9,068,840
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.2%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 66.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -16.5%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 12.1%
With related children under age 18
20.7%
With related children under age 5
23.8%
Married-couple families 4.7%
With related children under age 18
7.2%
With related children under age 5
6.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 35.7%
With related children under age 18
47.1%
With related children under age 5
54.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 513,833
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 9,207,859
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 341,389
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 69.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 8,721,379
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 9,103,852
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,522,328
Speaks only English
8,249,515
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,312,001
Speaks Spanish
276,788
Below 100% of the poverty level 80,240
Speaks other Indo-European languages
283,902
Below 100% of the poverty level 39,224
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
124,798
Below 100% of the poverty level 19,996
Speaks other languages
168,849
Below 100% of the poverty level 70,867
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.7%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.9%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 29.0%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.0%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 42.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 205,769
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 3.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 5.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 16.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 14.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 17.3%
Earned $75,000 or more 28.5%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenshi  
Naturalized citizens (%) 108,139
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
12.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
13.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
15.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
19.2%
Earned $75,000 or more
33.3%
Noncitizens (%) 97,630
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
4.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
6.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
21.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
16.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
13.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
15.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
23.1%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $50,762
Female $36,557
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$58,453
Female
$41,599
Noncitizens  
Male
$40,582
Female
$31,026
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,584,217
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 4.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 23.0%
Earned $75,000 or more 18.9%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $49,779
Female $36,782
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $47,743
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $54,080
Noncitizens $41,802
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $46,801
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 62.5%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 77.4%
Noncitizens 41.7%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 71.7%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 604,210
With health insurance 79.8%
With private health insurance
63.4%
With public coverage
27.7%
No health insurance coverage 20.2%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 301,843
With health insurance 87.8%
With private health insurance
70.4%
With public coverage
35.3%
No health insurance coverage 12.2%
Noncitizens (%) 302,367
With health insurance 71.8%
With private health insurance
56.5%
With public coverage
20.1%
No health insurance coverage 28.2%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 9,168,340
With health insurance 89.2%
With private health insurance
69.1%
With public coverage
34.5%
No health insurance coverage 10.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.