E.g., 11/26/2014
E.g., 11/26/2014

State Income Data - MA

Massachusetts

Income & Poverty
2012
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

970,744
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 65.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 37.7%
% change: 1990-2000 42.6%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 13.2%
With related children under age 18
16.3%
With related children under age 5
13.1%
Married-couple families 7.4%
With related children under age 18
7.6%
With related children under age 5
5.5%
Families with female householder, no husband present 30.2%
With related children under age 18
36.4%
With related children under age 5
38.4%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 500,801
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
16.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
72.3%
Noncitizens 469,943
Below 100% of the poverty level
20.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
20.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
58.9%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa 79,911
Below 100% of the poverty level
18.0%
Born in Asia 284,392
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.7%
Born in Europe 227,411
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 347,860
Below 100% of the poverty level
18.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 27,758
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.4%
Born in Oceania 3,412
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,444,018
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 12.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 76.0%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 32.5%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 7.4%
With related children under age 18
12.9%
With related children under age 5
12.8%
Married-couple families 2.2%
With related children under age 18
2.8%
With related children under age 5
3.6%
Families with female householder, no husband present 26.3%
With related children under age 18
37.3%
With related children under age 5
41.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 754,192
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,397,068
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 11.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 79.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 551,812
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,244,571
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 11.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 80.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 6,056,000
Below 100% of the poverty level 700,622
Speaks only English
4,697,919
Below 100% of the poverty level 437,166
Speaks Spanish
509,395
Below 100% of the poverty level 151,490
Speaks other Indo-European languages
544,222
Below 100% of the poverty level 55,478
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
231,646
Below 100% of the poverty level 40,758
Speaks other languages
72,818
Below 100% of the poverty level 15,730
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.6%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.3%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 29.7%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.2%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.6%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 21.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 412,384
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 24.2%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenshi  
Naturalized citizens (%) 228,913
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
10.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
17.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
20.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
21.6%
Earned $75,000 or more
26.7%
Noncitizens (%) 183,471
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
4.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
19.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
19.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
15.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
21.2%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $47,309
Female $38,472
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$53,136
Female
$41,195
Noncitizens  
Male
$40,238
Female
$33,737
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,811,260
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 6.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 12.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 26.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 32.0%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $61,661
Female $50,320
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $53,778
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $59,478
Noncitizens $46,995
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $67,794
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 46.9%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 60.1%
Noncitizens 27.2%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 65.3%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 987,359
With health insurance 91.7%
With private health insurance
61.7%
With public coverage
38.8%
No health insurance coverage 8.3%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 505,561
With health insurance 95.7%
With private health insurance
68.7%
With public coverage
40.2%
No health insurance coverage 4.3%
Noncitizens (%) 481,798
With health insurance 87.5%
With private health insurance
54.3%
With public coverage
37.4%
No health insurance coverage 12.5%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 5,579,492
With health insurance 96.9%
With private health insurance
77.1%
With public coverage
32.6%
No health insurance coverage 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.