E.g., 07/31/2014
E.g., 07/31/2014

State Income Data - CA

California

Income & Poverty
2012
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

10,195,830
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.4%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 15.5%
% change: 1990-2000 35.4%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 18.2%
With related children under age 18
24.2%
With related children under age 5
18.1%
Married-couple families 13.3%
With related children under age 18
17.4%
With related children under age 5
11.0%
Families with female householder, no husband present 35.2%
With related children under age 18
46.4%
With related children under age 5
43.8%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 4,860,329
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
19.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
69.1%
Noncitizens 5,335,501
Below 100% of the poverty level
26.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
31.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
42.8%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa 164,859
Below 100% of the poverty level
16.0%
Born in Asia 3,767,177
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.6%
Born in Europe 661,469
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.0%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,398,393
Below 100% of the poverty level
24.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 128,600
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.7%
Born in Oceania 75,332
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 27,107,436
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 65.6%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 45.4%
% change: 1990-2000 32.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 9.7%
With related children under age 18
15.4%
With related children under age 5
16.1%
Married-couple families 4.3%
With related children under age 18
5.9%
With related children under age 5
4.6%
Families with female householder, no husband present 25.8%
With related children under age 18
35.4%
With related children under age 5
44.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 8,827,024
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 24,360,815
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,318,742
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 26.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 54.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 22,607,323
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 34,806,185
Below 100% of the poverty level 5,697,800
Speaks only English
19,338,025
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,481,747
Speaks Spanish
10,129,535
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,474,993
Speaks other Indo-European languages
1,602,595
Below 100% of the poverty level 198,777
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
3,408,600
Below 100% of the poverty level 468,248
Speaks other languages
327,430
Below 100% of the poverty level 74,035
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.4%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.8%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 24.4%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.4%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.7%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 4,080,871
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 6.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 22.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 16.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 15.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 20.0%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenshi  
Naturalized citizens (%) 2,134,684
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
13.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
14.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
19.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
20.7%
Earned $75,000 or more
26.5%
Noncitizens (%) 1,946,187
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
3.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
10.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
31.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
18.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
14.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
10.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
12.9%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $37,301
Female $34,406
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$50,513
Female
$42,042
Noncitizens  
Male
$28,661
Female
$23,835
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 7,191,305
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.9%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 11.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 12.9%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 22.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 30.0%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $57,013
Female $46,092
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $49,940
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $60,856
Noncitizens $39,288
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $62,448
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 47.2%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 61.9%
Noncitizens 27.8%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 57.3%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 10,220,208
With health insurance 68.7%
With private health insurance
47.7%
With public coverage
26.2%
No health insurance coverage 31.3%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 4,860,217
With health insurance 83.8%
With private health insurance
61.8%
With public coverage
30.9%
No health insurance coverage 16.2%
Noncitizens (%) 5,359,991
With health insurance 54.9%
With private health insurance
34.9%
With public coverage
22.0%
No health insurance coverage 45.1%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 27,304,066
With health insurance 87.1%
With private health insurance
64.6%
With public coverage
32.0%
No health insurance coverage 12.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.