E.g., 04/02/2015
E.g., 04/02/2015

State Demographics Data - WA

Washington

Demographics & Social
2013
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 943,664
% Foreign Born 13.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 53.6%
% change: 1990-2000 90.7%
Race (%)  
One race 98.1%
White
41.8%
Black or African American
5.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.5%
Asian
37.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.9%
Other race
11.5%
Two or more races 1.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 278,626
% Latino 29.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 6.1%
18-64 80.8%
65 and older 12.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.8
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.6%
Married 60.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,027,742
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.2%
% change: 1990-2000 16.2%
Race (%)  
One race 94.6%
White 83.7%
Black or African American 3.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.5%
Asian 3.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.6%
Other race 2.4%
Two or more races 5.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 553,350
% Latino 9.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.2%
5-17 18.2%
18-64 60.8%
65 and older 13.8%
Median Age 36.4
Gender (% female) 49.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.3%
Married 48.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.6%
Foreign Born
Number 614,457
% Foreign Born 10.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,279,664
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 322,144
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,544,548
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

943,664
Born in Africa 55,209
Born in Asia 386,745
Born in Europe 152,990
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 287,357
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 46,176
Born in Oceania 15,187
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 Vietnam
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

943,664
Europe 152,990
Northern Europe 30,240
United Kingdom
21,346
Ireland
1,833
Other Northern Europe
7,061
Western Europe 29,892
France
4,464
Germany
19,037
Other Western Europe
6,391
Southern Europe 6,061
Italy
2,865
Portugal
470
Other Southern Europe
2,726
Eastern Europe 86,624
Poland
4,231
Russia
19,464
Other Eastern Europe
62,929
Other Europe (no country specified) 173
Asia 386,745
Eastern Asia 139,434
China
68,304

China, excluding Taiwan

54,868

Taiwan

13,436
Japan
17,560
Korea
52,667
Other Eastern Asia
903
South Central Asia 79,847
India
59,545
Iran
7,574
Other South Central Asia
12,728
Southeastern Asia 153,545
Philippines
56,983
Vietnam
58,042
Other Southeastern Asia
38,520
Western Asia 13,628
Israel
1,046
Lebanon
1,146
Other Western Asia
11,436
Other Asia (no country specified) 291
Africa 55,209
Eastern Africa 36,473
Northern Africa
5,447
Western Africa
6,391
Middle and Southern Africa
4,309
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,589
Oceania 15,187
Australia and New Zealand subregion 5,156
Oceania (no country specified) 10,031
Americas 333,533
Latin America 287,357
Caribbean
5,951

Cuba

1,328

Jamaica

1,310

Other Caribbean

3,313
Central America
262,176

Mexico

235,942

El Salvador

7,415

Other Central America

18,819
South America
19,230

Brazil

4,557

Colombia

3,623

Other South America

11,050
Northern America 46,176
Canada
45,933
Other Northern America
243
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 282,273
1990-1999 269,253
2000-2009 290,609
Since 2010 101,529
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.9%
Born in Asia 41.0%
Born in Europe 16.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 30.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4.9%
Born in Oceania 1.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 25.6%
Country #2 7.4%
Country #3 6.0%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 16.2%
Northern Europe 3.2%
United Kingdom 2.3%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.7%
Western Europe 3.2%
France 0.5%
Germany 2.0%
Other Western Europe 0.7%
Southern Europe 0.6%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 9.2%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 2.1%
Other Eastern Europe 6.7%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 41.0%
Eastern Asia 14.8%
China 7.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.8%
Taiwan 1.4%
Japan 1.9%
Korea 5.6%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 8.5%
India 6.3%
Iran 0.8%
Other South Central Asia 1.3%
Southeastern Asia 16.3%
Philippines 6.0%
Vietnam 6.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 4.1%
Western Asia 1.4%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 5.9%
Eastern Africa 3.9%
Northern Africa 0.6%
Western Africa 0.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.5%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 1.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.5%
Oceania (no country specified) 1.1%
Americas 35.3%
Latin America 30.5%
Caribbean 0.6%
Cuba 0.1%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.4%
Central America 27.8%
Mexico 25.0%
El Salvador 0.8%
Other Central America 2.0%
South America 2.0%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.2%
Northern America 4.9%
Canada 4.9%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.9%
1980-1989 28.5%
1990-1999 30.8%
Since 2000 10.8%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 614,457
Born in Africa 18,775
Born in Asia 239,748
Born in Europe 126,270
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 173,870
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 47,687
Cat28 8,064
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.1%
Born in Asia 39.0%
Born in Europe 20.5%
Born in Latin America 28.3%
Born in Northern America 7.8%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 24.1%
Country #2 7.7%
Country #3 7.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 312,701
Born in Africa 4,366
Born in Asia 126,076
Born in Europe 76,021
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 57,824
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 44,376
Cat21 4,038
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.4%
Born in Asia 40.3%
Born in Europe 24.3%
Born in Latin America 18.5%
Born in Northern America 14.2%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 14.3%
Country #2 13.7%
Country #3 8.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 943,664
Naturalized citizens 436,834
Noncitizens 506,830
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 436,834
Before 1980 58,898
1980-1989 51,930
1990-1999 99,325
2000-2009 152,606
Since 2010 74,075
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.3%
Noncitizens 53.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 13.5%
1980-1989 11.9%
1990-1999 22.7%
2000-2009 34.9%
Since 2010 17.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 614,457
Naturalized citizens 257,648
Noncitizens 356,809
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 41.9%
Noncitizens 58.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 322,144
Naturalized citizens 149,256
Noncitizens 172,888
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.3%
Noncitizens 53.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 305,915
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 21,732
% married among women who gave birth
79.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
20.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,357,546
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 63,641
% married among women who gave birth 69.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 30.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.23
Average family size 3.77
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.47
Average family size 3.03
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,522,782
Only native parent(s)
1,086,457
One or more foreign-born parents
433,446

Child is native

380,510

Child is foreign born

52,936
Children under age 6 with 510,456
Only native parent(s)
361,371
One or more foreign-born parents
148,130

Child is native

140,260

Child is foreign born

7,870
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,012,326
Only native parent(s)
725,086
One or more foreign-born parents
285,316

Child is native

240,250

Child is foreign born

45,066
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

601,178
Only native parents 372,488
One or more foreign-born parents 228,101
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.5%
Child is native 25.0%
Child is foreign born 3.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.0%
Child is native 27.5%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.2%
Child is native 23.7%
Child is foreign born 4.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 62.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,452,674
Only native parent(s) 1,180,229
One or more foreign-born parents 272,445
Child is native 208,179
Child is foreign born 64,266
Children under age 6 with 460,921
Only native parent(s) 365,381
One or more foreign-born parents 95,540
Child is native 85,431
Child is foreign born 10,109
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 991,753
Only native parent(s) 814,848
One or more foreign-born parents 176,905
Child is native 122,748
Child is foreign born 54,157
Children in Low-Income Families* 471,491
Only native parents 341,612
One or more foreign-born parents 129,879
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 14.3%
Child is foreign born 4.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.7%
Child is native 18.5%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.8%
Child is native 12.4%
Child is foreign born 5.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,212,507
Only native parent(s) 1,076,463
One or more foreign-born parents 136,044
Child is native 107,229
Child is foreign born 28,815
Children under age 6 with 430,722
Only native parent(s) 381,720
One or more foreign-born parents 49,002
Child is native 44,010
Child is foreign born 4,992
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 781,785
Only native parent(s) 694,743
One or more foreign-born parents 87,042
Child is native 63,219
Child is foreign born 23,823
Children in Low-Income Families* 418,011
Only native parents 355,044
One or more foreign-born parents 62,967
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.2%
Child is native 8.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.4%
Child is native 10.2%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.1%
Child is native 8.1%
Child is foreign born 3.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2013 ACS, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in the total number of children; the same information is unavailable by parental nativity. This means that the sum of children of natives and children of immigrants (in absolute and percent terms) may be smaller than the total number of children.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.