E.g., 07/31/2014
E.g., 07/31/2014

State Demographics Data - WA

Washington

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 916,399
% Foreign Born 13.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 49.1%
% change: 1990-2000 90.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White
42.9%
Black or African American
5.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
35.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.6%
Other race
12.3%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 279,178
% Latino 30.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 6.2%
18-64 80.7%
65 and older 12.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.5
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.1%
Married 60.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,980,613
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.3%
% change: 1990-2000 16.2%
Race (%)  
One race 94.6%
White 83.8%
Black or African American 3.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.5%
Asian 3.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.6%
Other race 2.4%
Two or more races 5.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 528,418
% Latino 8.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.3%
5-17 18.2%
18-64 61.3%
65 and older 13.3%
Median Age 36.5
Gender (% female) 49.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.9%
Married 48.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.5%
Foreign Born
Number 614,457
% Foreign Born 10.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,279,664
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 322,144
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,544,548
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

916,399
Born in Africa 50,128
Born in Asia 366,259
Born in Europe 157,169
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 286,859
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 43,643
Born in Oceania 12,341
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 Vietnam
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

916,399
Europe 157,169
Northern Europe 31,555
United Kingdom
22,453
Ireland
2,133
Other Northern Europe
6,969
Western Europe 28,006
France
4,037
Germany
17,061
Other Western Europe
6,908
Southern Europe 6,102
Italy
3,235
Portugal
86
Other Southern Europe
2,781
Eastern Europe 91,459
Poland
4,133
Russia
21,938
Other Eastern Europe
65,388
Other Europe (no country specified) 47
Asia 366,259
Eastern Asia 122,997
China
68,227

China, excluding Taiwan

54,797

Taiwan

13,430
Japan
15,697
Korea
37,832
Other Eastern Asia
1,241
South Central Asia 69,592
India
48,049
Iran
8,100
Other South Central Asia
13,443
Southeastern Asia 156,864
Philippines
68,090
Vietnam
55,136
Other Southeastern Asia
33,638
Western Asia 16,474
Israel
2,872
Lebanon
660
Other Western Asia
12,942
Other Asia (no country specified) 332
Africa 50,128
Eastern Africa 36,121
Northern Africa
3,852
Western Africa
5,810
Middle and Southern Africa
3,214
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,131
Oceania 12,341
Australia and New Zealand subregion 4,570
Oceania (no country specified) 7,771
Americas 330,502
Latin America 286,859
Caribbean
6,665

Cuba

1,890

Jamaica

1,043

Other Caribbean

3,732
Central America
261,445

Mexico

234,226

El Salvador

9,298

Other Central America

17,921
South America
18,749

Brazil

4,422

Colombia

3,874

Other South America

10,453
Northern America 43,643
Canada
43,501
Other Northern America
142
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 294,183
1990-1999 252,336
2000-2009 302,869
Since 2010 67,011
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.5%
Born in Asia 40.0%
Born in Europe 17.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 31.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4.8%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 25.6%
Country #2 7.4%
Country #3 6.0%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 17.2%
Northern Europe 3.4%
United Kingdom 2.5%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.8%
Western Europe 3.1%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.9%
Other Western Europe 0.8%
Southern Europe 0.7%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 10.0%
Poland 0.5%
Russia 2.4%
Other Eastern Europe 7.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 40.0%
Eastern Asia 13.4%
China 7.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.0%
Taiwan 1.5%
Japan 1.7%
Korea 4.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 7.6%
India 5.2%
Iran 0.9%
Other South Central Asia 1.5%
Southeastern Asia 17.1%
Philippines 7.4%
Vietnam 6.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.7%
Western Asia 1.8%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 5.5%
Eastern Africa 3.9%
Northern Africa 0.4%
Western Africa 0.6%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 1.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.5%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.8%
Americas 36.1%
Latin America 31.3%
Caribbean 0.7%
Cuba 0.2%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.4%
Central America 28.5%
Mexico 25.6%
El Salvador 1.0%
Other Central America 2.0%
South America 2.0%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.1%
Northern America 4.8%
Canada 4.7%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 32.1%
1980-1989 27.5%
1990-1999 33.0%
Since 2000 7.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 614,457
Born in Africa 18,775
Born in Asia 239,748
Born in Europe 126,270
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 173,870
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 47,687
Cat28 8,064
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.1%
Born in Asia 39.0%
Born in Europe 20.5%
Born in Latin America 28.3%
Born in Northern America 7.8%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 24.1%
Country #2 7.7%
Country #3 7.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 312,701
Born in Africa 4,366
Born in Asia 126,076
Born in Europe 76,021
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 57,824
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 44,376
Cat21 4,038
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.4%
Born in Asia 40.3%
Born in Europe 24.3%
Born in Latin America 18.5%
Born in Northern America 14.2%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 14.3%
Country #2 13.7%
Country #3 8.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 916,399
Naturalized citizens 434,688
Noncitizens 481,711
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 434,688
Before 1980 57,771
1980-1989 50,050
1990-1999 99,624
2000-2009 169,414
Since 2010 57,829
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 47.4%
Noncitizens 52.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 13.3%
1980-1989 11.5%
1990-1999 22.9%
2000-2009 39.0%
Since 2010 13.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 614,457
Naturalized citizens 257,648
Noncitizens 356,809
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 41.9%
Noncitizens 58.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 322,144
Naturalized citizens 149,256
Noncitizens 172,888
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.3%
Noncitizens 53.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 293,749
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 24,102
% married among women who gave birth
84.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
16.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,364,582
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 66,459
% married among women who gave birth 67.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 32.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.25
Average family size 3.79
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.45
Average family size 3.03
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,515,522
Only native parent(s)
1,094,397
One or more foreign-born parents
421,125

Child is native

366,383

Child is foreign born

54,742
Children under age 6 with 507,994
Only native parent(s)
361,035
One or more foreign-born parents
146,959

Child is native

139,143

Child is foreign born

7,816
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,007,528
Only native parent(s)
733,362
One or more foreign-born parents
274,166

Child is native

227,240

Child is foreign born

46,926
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

600,984
Only native parents 384,821
One or more foreign-born parents 216,163
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Child is native 24.2%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.9%
Child is native 27.4%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.2%
Child is native 22.6%
Child is foreign born 4.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 64.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,452,674
Only native parent(s) 1,180,229
One or more foreign-born parents 272,445
Child is native 208,179
Child is foreign born 64,266
Children under age 6 with 460,921
Only native parent(s) 365,381
One or more foreign-born parents 95,540
Child is native 85,431
Child is foreign born 10,109
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 991,753
Only native parent(s) 814,848
One or more foreign-born parents 176,905
Child is native 122,748
Child is foreign born 54,157
Children in Low-Income Families* 471,491
Only native parents 341,612
One or more foreign-born parents 129,879
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 14.3%
Child is foreign born 4.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.7%
Child is native 18.5%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.8%
Child is native 12.4%
Child is foreign born 5.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,212,507
Only native parent(s) 1,076,463
One or more foreign-born parents 136,044
Child is native 107,229
Child is foreign born 28,815
Children under age 6 with 430,722
Only native parent(s) 381,720
One or more foreign-born parents 49,002
Child is native 44,010
Child is foreign born 4,992
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 781,785
Only native parent(s) 694,743
One or more foreign-born parents 87,042
Child is native 63,219
Child is foreign born 23,823
Children in Low-Income Families* 418,011
Only native parents 355,044
One or more foreign-born parents 62,967
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.2%
Child is native 8.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.4%
Child is native 10.2%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.1%
Child is native 8.1%
Child is foreign born 3.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.