E.g., 08/31/2014
E.g., 08/31/2014

State Demographics Data - VA

Virginia

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 947,320
% Foreign Born 11.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 66.1%
% change: 1990-2000 82.9%
Race (%)  
One race 96.3%
White
39.6%
Black or African American
10.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
34.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
11.0%
Two or more races 3.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 307,155
% Latino 32.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 6.5%
18-64 82.6%
65 and older 10.2%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.4
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.8%
Married 60.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 7,238,547
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 11.2%
% change: 1990-2000 10.8%
Race (%)  
One race 96.8%
White 73.0%
Black or African American 20.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.1%
Two or more races 3.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 380,817
% Latino 5.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.9%
5-17 17.8%
18-64 62.0%
65 and older 13.3%
Median Age 36.8
Gender (% female) 50.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.7%
Married 48.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.8%
Foreign Born
Number 570,279
% Foreign Born 8.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 6,508,236
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 311,809
% Foreign Born 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,875,549
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

947,320
Born in Africa 94,583
Born in Asia 398,679
Born in Europe 100,584
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 332,873
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,879
Born in Oceania 3,722
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 Mexico
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

947,320
Europe 100,584
Northern Europe 25,600
United Kingdom
19,757
Ireland
2,407
Other Northern Europe
3,436
Western Europe 26,950
France
4,430
Germany
17,838
Other Western Europe
4,682
Southern Europe 11,053
Italy
3,866
Portugal
1,793
Other Southern Europe
5,394
Eastern Europe 36,618
Poland
3,963
Russia
9,471
Other Eastern Europe
23,184
Other Europe (no country specified) 363
Asia 398,679
Eastern Asia 102,282
China
41,668

China, excluding Taiwan

35,180

Taiwan

6,488
Japan
5,503
Korea
53,822
Other Eastern Asia
1,289
South Central Asia 140,194
India
71,114
Iran
16,598
Other South Central Asia
52,482
Southeastern Asia 119,622
Philippines
55,811
Vietnam
42,525
Other Southeastern Asia
21,286
Western Asia 35,665
Israel
2,155
Lebanon
4,023
Other Western Asia
29,487
Other Asia (no country specified) 916
Africa 94,583
Eastern Africa 33,160
Northern Africa
21,815
Western Africa
30,687
Middle and Southern Africa
6,179
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,742
Oceania 3,722
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,326
Oceania (no country specified) 1,396
Americas 349,752
Latin America 332,873
Caribbean
29,844

Cuba

3,528

Jamaica

7,960

Other Caribbean

18,356
Central America
214,964

Mexico

59,674

El Salvador

88,102

Other Central America

67,188
South America
88,065

Brazil

5,351

Colombia

10,274

Other South America

72,440
Northern America 16,879
Canada
16,816
Other Northern America
63
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 279,278
1990-1999 235,269
2000-2009 346,297
Since 2010 86,476
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 10.0%
Born in Asia 42.1%
Born in Europe 10.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.3%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 6.3%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.6%
Northern Europe 2.7%
United Kingdom 2.1%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 2.8%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.9%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 1.2%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 3.9%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 2.4%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 42.1%
Eastern Asia 10.8%
China 4.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.7%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 5.7%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 14.8%
India 7.5%
Iran 1.8%
Other South Central Asia 5.5%
Southeastern Asia 12.6%
Philippines 5.9%
Vietnam 4.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.2%
Western Asia 3.8%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.4%
Other Western Asia 3.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 10.0%
Eastern Africa 3.5%
Northern Africa 2.3%
Western Africa 3.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 36.9%
Latin America 35.1%
Caribbean 3.2%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 0.8%
Other Caribbean 1.9%
Central America 22.7%
Mexico 6.3%
El Salvador 9.3%
Other Central America 7.1%
South America 9.3%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 1.1%
Other South America 7.6%
Northern America 1.8%
Canada 1.8%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.5%
1980-1989 24.8%
1990-1999 36.6%
Since 2000 9.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 570,279
Born in Africa 42,509
Born in Asia 235,374
Born in Europe 86,612
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 189,809
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,160
Cat28 2,807
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 Korea
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.5%
Born in Asia 41.3%
Born in Europe 15.2%
Born in Latin America 33.3%
Born in Northern America 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.6%
Country #2 6.5%
Country #3 6.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 299,626
Born in Africa 13,220
Born in Asia 134,526
Born in Europe 64,759
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 75,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,765
Cat21 2,047
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Korea
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 44.9%
Born in Europe 21.6%
Born in Latin America 25.1%
Born in Northern America 3.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7.6%
Country #2 7.3%
Country #3 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 947,320
Naturalized citizens 454,617
Noncitizens 492,703
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 454,617
Before 1980 51,511
1980-1989 57,302
1990-1999 100,720
2000-2009 182,257
Since 2010 62,827
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.0%
Noncitizens 52.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 11.3%
1980-1989 12.6%
1990-1999 22.2%
2000-2009 40.1%
Since 2010 13.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 570,279
Naturalized citizens 232,767
Noncitizens 337,512
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.8%
Noncitizens 59.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 311,809
Naturalized citizens 125,653
Noncitizens 186,156
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 318,764
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 24,259
% married among women who gave birth
82.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
17.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,729,876
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 84,489
% married among women who gave birth 66.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 33.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.4
Average family size 3.77
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.51
Average family size 3.08
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,770,830
Only native parent(s)
1,374,614
One or more foreign-born parents
396,216

Child is native

339,937

Child is foreign born

56,279
Children under age 6 with 593,623
Only native parent(s)
451,100
One or more foreign-born parents
142,523

Child is native

134,732

Child is foreign born

7,791
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,177,207
Only native parent(s)
923,514
One or more foreign-born parents
253,693

Child is native

205,205

Child is foreign born

48,488
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

601,424
Only native parents 452,437
One or more foreign-born parents 148,987
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.4%
Child is native 19.2%
Child is foreign born 3.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.0%
Child is native 22.7%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 78.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 21.6%
Child is native 17.4%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 75.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,652,809
Only native parent(s) 1,435,457
One or more foreign-born parents 217,352
Child is native 170,358
Child is foreign born 46,994
Children under age 6 with 535,315
Only native parent(s) 457,468
One or more foreign-born parents 77,847
Child is native 70,642
Child is foreign born 7,205
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,117,494
Only native parent(s) 977,989
One or more foreign-born parents 139,505
Child is native 99,716
Child is foreign born 39,789
Children in Low-Income Families* 505,017
Only native parents 439,775
One or more foreign-born parents 65,242
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.5%
Child is native 13.2%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 8.9%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,443,150
Only native parent(s) 1,317,669
One or more foreign-born parents 125,481
Child is native 95,772
Child is foreign born 29,709
Children under age 6 with 511,476
Only native parent(s) 467,343
One or more foreign-born parents 44,133
Child is native 39,459
Child is foreign born 4,674
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 931,674
Only native parent(s) 850,326
One or more foreign-born parents 81,348
Child is native 56,313
Child is foreign born 25,035
Children in Low-Income Families* 466,167
Only native parents 431,436
One or more foreign-born parents 34,731
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.0%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.