E.g., 04/29/2015
E.g., 04/29/2015

State Demographics Data - VA

Virginia

Demographics & Social
2013
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 948,963
% Foreign Born 11.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 66.4%
% change: 1990-2000 82.9%
Race (%)  
One race 97.0%
White
42.0%
Black or African American
10.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
35.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
8.8%
Two or more races 3.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 315,706
% Latino 33.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 5.7%
18-64 82.9%
65 and older 10.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.8%
Married 60.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 7,311,442
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 12.3%
% change: 1990-2000 10.8%
Race (%)  
One race 96.7%
White 72.9%
Black or African American 20.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 2.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.1%
Two or more races 3.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 392,256
% Latino 5.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.9%
5-17 17.8%
18-64 61.6%
65 and older 13.7%
Median Age 36.6
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.1%
Married 47.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.0%
Foreign Born
Number 570,279
% Foreign Born 8.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 6,508,236
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 311,809
% Foreign Born 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,875,549
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

948,963
Born in Africa 93,748
Born in Asia 394,354
Born in Europe 98,922
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 342,549
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,784
Born in Oceania 4,606
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 Mexico
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

948,963
Europe 98,922
Northern Europe 26,434
United Kingdom
21,193
Ireland
2,127
Other Northern Europe
3,114
Western Europe 29,062
France
4,390
Germany
17,656
Other Western Europe
7,016
Southern Europe 11,234
Italy
4,071
Portugal
1,572
Other Southern Europe
5,591
Eastern Europe 31,762
Poland
2,670
Russia
7,457
Other Eastern Europe
21,635
Other Europe (no country specified) 430
Asia 394,354
Eastern Asia 105,652
China
45,791

China, excluding Taiwan

39,975

Taiwan

5,816
Japan
8,492
Korea
50,299
Other Eastern Asia
1,070
South Central Asia 137,753
India
65,319
Iran
15,232
Other South Central Asia
57,202
Southeastern Asia 116,338
Philippines
53,724
Vietnam
43,089
Other Southeastern Asia
19,525
Western Asia 33,063
Israel
1,329
Lebanon
3,637
Other Western Asia
28,097
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,548
Africa 93,748
Eastern Africa 36,813
Northern Africa
17,967
Western Africa
29,239
Middle and Southern Africa
7,575
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,154
Oceania 4,606
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,195
Oceania (no country specified) 1,411
Americas 357,333
Latin America 342,549
Caribbean
31,327

Cuba

7,102

Jamaica

9,330

Other Caribbean

14,895
Central America
224,523

Mexico

64,996

El Salvador

97,162

Other Central America

62,365
South America
86,699

Brazil

5,230

Colombia

10,442

Other South America

71,027
Northern America 14,784
Canada
14,532
Other Northern America
252
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 281,995
1990-1999 237,557
2000-2009 322,255
Since 2010 107,156
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 9.9%
Born in Asia 41.6%
Born in Europe 10.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 36.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.6%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.3%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 6.3%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.4%
Northern Europe 2.8%
United Kingdom 2.2%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 3.1%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.9%
Other Western Europe 0.7%
Southern Europe 1.2%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 3.3%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 2.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 41.6%
Eastern Asia 11.1%
China 4.8%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.2%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.9%
Korea 5.3%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 14.5%
India 6.9%
Iran 1.6%
Other South Central Asia 6.0%
Southeastern Asia 12.3%
Philippines 5.7%
Vietnam 4.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.1%
Western Asia 3.5%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.4%
Other Western Asia 3.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 9.9%
Eastern Africa 3.9%
Northern Africa 1.9%
Western Africa 3.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 37.7%
Latin America 36.1%
Caribbean 3.3%
Cuba 0.7%
Jamaica 1.0%
Other Caribbean 1.6%
Central America 23.7%
Mexico 6.8%
El Salvador 10.2%
Other Central America 6.6%
South America 9.1%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 1.1%
Other South America 7.5%
Northern America 1.6%
Canada 1.5%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.7%
1980-1989 25.0%
1990-1999 34.0%
Since 2000 11.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 570,279
Born in Africa 42,509
Born in Asia 235,374
Born in Europe 86,612
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 189,809
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,160
Cat28 2,807
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 Korea
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.5%
Born in Asia 41.3%
Born in Europe 15.2%
Born in Latin America 33.3%
Born in Northern America 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.6%
Country #2 6.5%
Country #3 6.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 299,626
Born in Africa 13,220
Born in Asia 134,526
Born in Europe 64,759
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 75,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,765
Cat21 2,047
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Korea
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 44.9%
Born in Europe 21.6%
Born in Latin America 25.1%
Born in Northern America 3.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7.6%
Country #2 7.3%
Country #3 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 948,963
Naturalized citizens 477,236
Noncitizens 471,727
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 477,236
Before 1980 46,930
1980-1989 56,438
1990-1999 106,083
2000-2009 181,183
Since 2010 86,602
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.3%
Noncitizens 49.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 9.8%
1980-1989 11.8%
1990-1999 22.2%
2000-2009 38.0%
Since 2010 18.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 570,279
Naturalized citizens 232,767
Noncitizens 337,512
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.8%
Noncitizens 59.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 311,809
Naturalized citizens 125,653
Noncitizens 186,156
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 312,924
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 19,976
% married among women who gave birth
76.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,731,039
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 82,600
% married among women who gave birth 67.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 32.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.35
Average family size 3.75
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.53
Average family size 3.09
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,776,567
Only native parent(s)
1,391,849
One or more foreign-born parents
382,485

Child is native

332,468

Child is foreign born

50,017
Children under age 6 with 594,885
Only native parent(s)
457,911
One or more foreign-born parents
135,859

Child is native

128,503

Child is foreign born

7,356
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,181,682
Only native parent(s)
933,938
One or more foreign-born parents
246,626

Child is native

203,965

Child is foreign born

42,661
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

603,659
Only native parents 463,091
One or more foreign-born parents 140,235
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 78.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 21.5%
Child is native 18.7%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.8%
Child is native 21.6%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.9%
Child is native 17.3%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 76.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,652,809
Only native parent(s) 1,435,457
One or more foreign-born parents 217,352
Child is native 170,358
Child is foreign born 46,994
Children under age 6 with 535,315
Only native parent(s) 457,468
One or more foreign-born parents 77,847
Child is native 70,642
Child is foreign born 7,205
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,117,494
Only native parent(s) 977,989
One or more foreign-born parents 139,505
Child is native 99,716
Child is foreign born 39,789
Children in Low-Income Families* 505,017
Only native parents 439,775
One or more foreign-born parents 65,242
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.5%
Child is native 13.2%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 8.9%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,443,150
Only native parent(s) 1,317,669
One or more foreign-born parents 125,481
Child is native 95,772
Child is foreign born 29,709
Children under age 6 with 511,476
Only native parent(s) 467,343
One or more foreign-born parents 44,133
Child is native 39,459
Child is foreign born 4,674
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 931,674
Only native parent(s) 850,326
One or more foreign-born parents 81,348
Child is native 56,313
Child is foreign born 25,035
Children in Low-Income Families* 466,167
Only native parents 431,436
One or more foreign-born parents 34,731
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.0%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2013 ACS, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in the total number of children; the same information is unavailable by parental nativity. This means that the sum of children of natives and children of immigrants (in absolute and percent terms) may be smaller than the total number of children.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.