E.g., 07/29/2014
E.g., 07/29/2014

State Demographics Data - TX

Texas

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,269,693
% Foreign Born 16.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 47.2%
% change: 1990-2000 90.2%
Race (%)  
One race 98.3%
White
61.9%
Black or African American
4.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
17.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
14.4%
Two or more races 1.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,981,202
% Latino 69.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 6.7%
18-64 83.1%
65 and older 9.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.5
Gender (% female) 50.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.1%
Married 61.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 21,789,510
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 21.4%
% change: 1990-2000 16.1%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White 77.6%
Black or African American 13.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 1.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 4.5%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 6,979,708
% Latino 32.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 8.8%
5-17 21.9%
18-64 58.3%
65 and older 11.1%
Median Age 31.4
Gender (% female) 50.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.7%
Married 46.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.9%
Foreign Born
Number 2,899,642
% Foreign Born 13.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 17,952,178
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 1,524,436
% Foreign Born 9.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,462,074
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,269,693
Born in Africa 156,717
Born in Asia 828,951
Born in Europe 180,022
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,051,222
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 42,988
Born in Oceania 9,793
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 El Salvador
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,269,693
Europe 180,022
Northern Europe 56,471
United Kingdom
46,204
Ireland
3,686
Other Northern Europe
6,581
Western Europe 53,902
France
7,937
Germany
37,251
Other Western Europe
8,714
Southern Europe 14,918
Italy
5,447
Portugal
2,094
Other Southern Europe
7,377
Eastern Europe 54,181
Poland
6,957
Russia
14,520
Other Eastern Europe
32,704
Other Europe (no country specified) 550
Asia 828,951
Eastern Asia 186,265
China
112,207

China, excluding Taiwan

86,565

Taiwan

25,642
Japan
14,577
Korea
59,261
Other Eastern Asia
220
South Central Asia 282,242
India
180,055
Iran
25,174
Other South Central Asia
77,013
Southeastern Asia 299,271
Philippines
86,799
Vietnam
154,190
Other Southeastern Asia
58,282
Western Asia 57,865
Israel
4,276
Lebanon
6,752
Other Western Asia
46,837
Other Asia (no country specified) 3,308
Africa 156,717
Eastern Africa 43,822
Northern Africa
18,791
Western Africa
61,249
Middle and Southern Africa
21,289
Other Africa (no country specified)
11,566
Oceania 9,793
Australia and New Zealand subregion 6,444
Oceania (no country specified) 3,349
Americas 3,094,210
Latin America 3,051,222
Caribbean
64,505

Cuba

27,440

Jamaica

9,799

Other Caribbean

27,266
Central America
2,862,882

Mexico

2,498,982

El Salvador

174,547

Other Central America

189,353
South America
123,835

Brazil

12,399

Colombia

34,918

Other South America

76,518
Northern America 42,988
Canada
42,668
Other Northern America
320
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,436,721
1990-1999 1,141,579
2000-2009 1,387,405
Since 2010 303,988
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.7%
Born in Asia 19.4%
Born in Europe 4.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 71.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.0%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 58.5%
Country #2 4.2%
Country #3 4.1%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 4.2%
Northern Europe 1.3%
United Kingdom 1.1%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 1.3%
France 0.2%
Germany 0.9%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.3%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 1.3%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.3%
Other Eastern Europe 0.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 19.4%
Eastern Asia 4.4%
China 2.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.0%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.3%
Korea 1.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 6.6%
India 4.2%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 1.8%
Southeastern Asia 7.0%
Philippines 2.0%
Vietnam 3.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.4%
Western Asia 1.4%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 3.7%
Eastern Africa 1.0%
Northern Africa 0.4%
Western Africa 1.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.5%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 72.5%
Latin America 71.5%
Caribbean 1.5%
Cuba 0.6%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.6%
Central America 67.1%
Mexico 58.5%
El Salvador 4.1%
Other Central America 4.4%
South America 2.9%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.8%
Other South America 1.8%
Northern America 1.0%
Canada 1.0%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 33.6%
1980-1989 26.7%
1990-1999 32.5%
Since 2000 7.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,899,642
Born in Africa 64,470
Born in Asia 466,218
Born in Europe 152,327
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,172,476
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 37,165
Cat28 6,984
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Vietnam
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.2%
Born in Asia 16.1%
Born in Europe 5.3%
Born in Latin America 74.9%
Born in Northern America 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 64.8%
Country #2 3.7%
Country #3 3.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,469,947
Born in Africa 27,297
Born in Asia 248,878
Born in Europe 110,391
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,056,946
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 22,404
Cat21 4,031
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Vietnam
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 16.9%
Born in Europe 7.5%
Born in Latin America 71.9%
Born in Northern America 1.5%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 59.4%
Country #2 3.6%
Country #3 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,269,693
Naturalized citizens 1,436,948
Noncitizens 2,832,745
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 1,436,948
Before 1980 137,596
1980-1989 196,014
1990-1999 378,182
2000-2009 557,950
Since 2010 167,206
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.7%
Noncitizens 66.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 9.6%
1980-1989 13.6%
1990-1999 26.3%
2000-2009 38.8%
Since 2010 11.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,899,642
Naturalized citizens 914,326
Noncitizens 1,985,316
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.5%
Noncitizens 68.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,524,436
Naturalized citizens 515,190
Noncitizens 1,009,246
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.8%
Noncitizens 66.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,395,896
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 109,149
% married among women who gave birth
76.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 5,132,484
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 296,137
% married among women who gave birth 60.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 39.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.66
Average family size 4.1
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.65
Average family size 3.26
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 6,630,350
Only native parent(s)
4,351,461
One or more foreign-born parents
2,278,889

Child is native

2,004,679

Child is foreign born

274,210
Children under age 6 with 2,241,190
Only native parent(s)
1,488,887
One or more foreign-born parents
752,303

Child is native

726,460

Child is foreign born

25,843
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,389,160
Only native parent(s)
2,862,574
One or more foreign-born parents
1,526,586

Child is native

1,278,219

Child is foreign born

248,367
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

3,317,545
Only native parents 1,840,903
One or more foreign-born parents 1,476,642
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.4%
Child is native 30.2%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 66.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 33.6%
Child is native 32.4%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.8%
Child is native 29.1%
Child is foreign born 5.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 55.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 44.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 5,551,866
Only native parent(s) 4,005,990
One or more foreign-born parents 1,545,876
Child is native 1,244,705
Child is foreign born 301,171
Children under age 6 with 1,836,105
Only native parent(s) 1,295,183
One or more foreign-born parents 540,922
Child is native 493,805
Child is foreign born 47,117
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,715,761
Only native parent(s) 2,710,807
One or more foreign-born parents 1,004,954
Child is native 750,900
Child is foreign born 254,054
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,469,015
Only native parents 1,493,005
One or more foreign-born parents 976,010
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Child is native 22.4%
Child is foreign born 5.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.5%
Child is native 26.9%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.0%
Child is native 20.2%
Child is foreign born 6.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 60.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 39.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,619,495
Only native parent(s) 3,716,524
One or more foreign-born parents 902,971
Child is native 727,639
Child is foreign born 175,332
Children under age 6 with 1,610,928
Only native parent(s) 1,297,056
One or more foreign-born parents 313,872
Child is native 284,831
Child is foreign born 29,041
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,008,567
Only native parent(s) 2,419,468
One or more foreign-born parents 589,099
Child is native 442,808
Child is foreign born 146,291
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,194,541
Only native parents 1,558,028
One or more foreign-born parents 636,513
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 15.8%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 17.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 14.7%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 71.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.