E.g., 04/28/2015
E.g., 04/28/2015

State Demographics Data - TN

Tennessee

Demographics & Social
2013
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 304,801
% Foreign Born 4.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 91.7%
% change: 1990-2000 169.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White
48.7%
Black or African American
9.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.6%
Asian
22.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
15.9%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 131,947
% Latino 43.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 7.8%
18-64 83.6%
65 and older 7.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

36.4
Gender (% female) 46.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.5%
Married 60.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 12.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,191,177
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 12.0%
% change: 1990-2000 14.8%
Race (%)  
One race 98.1%
White 79.3%
Black or African American 17.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 1.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 177,277
% Latino 2.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.4%
5-17 17.3%
18-64 61.4%
65 and older 15.0%
Median Age 38.7
Gender (% female) 51.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.3%
Married 48.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.0%
Foreign Born
Number 159,004
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,530,279
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 59,114
% Foreign Born 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,818,071
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

304,801
Born in Africa 32,689
Born in Asia 91,135
Born in Europe 29,374
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 142,512
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,888
Born in Oceania 1,203
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Canada
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

304,801
Europe 29,374
Northern Europe 7,803
United Kingdom
5,728
Ireland
1,025
Other Northern Europe
1,050
Western Europe 8,315
France
977
Germany
6,027
Other Western Europe
1,311
Southern Europe 1,924
Italy
797
Portugal
233
Other Southern Europe
894
Eastern Europe 11,279
Poland
461
Russia
1,735
Other Eastern Europe
9,083
Other Europe (no country specified) 53
Asia 91,135
Eastern Asia 24,431
China
13,024

China, excluding Taiwan

10,819

Taiwan

2,205
Japan
2,803
Korea
8,604
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 25,631
India
19,175
Iran
1,227
Other South Central Asia
5,229
Southeastern Asia 25,603
Philippines
8,089
Vietnam
8,465
Other Southeastern Asia
9,049
Western Asia 14,082
Israel
854
Lebanon
1,623
Other Western Asia
11,605
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,388
Africa 32,689
Eastern Africa 7,555
Northern Africa
9,426
Western Africa
10,486
Middle and Southern Africa
4,416
Other Africa (no country specified)
806
Oceania 1,203
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,203
Oceania (no country specified) 0
Americas 150,400
Latin America 142,512
Caribbean
9,341

Cuba

4,361

Jamaica

1,650

Other Caribbean

3,330
Central America
122,102

Mexico

90,843

El Salvador

8,321

Other Central America

22,938
South America
11,069

Brazil

1,693

Colombia

2,837

Other South America

6,539
Northern America 7,888
Canada
7,790
Other Northern America
98
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 65,436
1990-1999 72,921
2000-2009 127,482
Since 2010 38,962
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 10.7%
Born in Asia 29.9%
Born in Europe 9.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 46.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.6%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 29.8%
Country #2 6.5%
Country #3 3.5%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.6%
Northern Europe 2.6%
United Kingdom 1.9%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.7%
France 0.3%
Germany 2.0%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.6%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 3.7%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 3.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 29.9%
Eastern Asia 8.0%
China 4.3%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.5%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.9%
Korea 2.8%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.4%
India 6.3%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 1.7%
Southeastern Asia 8.4%
Philippines 2.7%
Vietnam 2.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.0%
Western Asia 4.6%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.5%
Other Western Asia 3.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.5%
Africa 10.7%
Eastern Africa 2.5%
Northern Africa 3.1%
Western Africa 3.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 49.3%
Latin America 46.8%
Caribbean 3.1%
Cuba 1.4%
Jamaica 0.5%
Other Caribbean 1.1%
Central America 40.1%
Mexico 29.8%
El Salvador 2.7%
Other Central America 7.5%
South America 3.6%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 0.9%
Other South America 2.1%
Northern America 2.6%
Canada 2.6%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 21.5%
1980-1989 23.9%
1990-1999 41.8%
Since 2000 12.8%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 159,004
Born in Africa 8,696
Born in Asia 50,584
Born in Europe 28,117
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 63,484
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,194
Cat28 929
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.5%
Born in Asia 31.8%
Born in Europe 17.7%
Born in Latin America 39.9%
Born in Northern America 4.5%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 28.1%
Country #2 5.2%
Country #3 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 56,960
Born in Africa 2,690
Born in Asia 24,938
Born in Europe 17,611
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,859
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,296
Cat21 566
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.7%
Born in Asia 43.8%
Born in Europe 30.9%
Born in Latin America 12.0%
Born in Northern America 7.5%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.6%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 7.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 304,801
Naturalized citizens 114,362
Noncitizens 190,439
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 114,362
Before 1980 14,872
1980-1989 10,982
1990-1999 20,826
2000-2009 43,218
Since 2010 24,464
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 37.5%
Noncitizens 62.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 13.0%
1980-1989 9.6%
1990-1999 18.2%
2000-2009 37.8%
Since 2010 21.4%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 159,004
Naturalized citizens 53,185
Noncitizens 105,819
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.4%
Noncitizens 66.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 59,114
Naturalized citizens 26,591
Noncitizens 32,523
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.0%
Noncitizens 55.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 96,266
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 8,678
% married among women who gave birth
81.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
18.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,462,135
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 75,064
% married among women who gave birth 54.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 45.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.42
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.51
Average family size 3.08
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,403,402
Only native parent(s)
1,253,082
One or more foreign-born parents
149,122

Child is native

129,375

Child is foreign born

19,747
Children under age 6 with 464,089
Only native parent(s)
405,929
One or more foreign-born parents
57,872

Child is native

54,774

Child is foreign born

3,098
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 939,313
Only native parent(s)
847,153
One or more foreign-born parents
91,250

Child is native

74,601

Child is foreign born

16,649
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

700,753
Only native parents 596,826
One or more foreign-born parents 103,856
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.6%
Child is native 9.2%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.7%
Child is native 7.9%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 85.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,322,766
Only native parent(s) 1,261,925
One or more foreign-born parents 60,841
Child is native 45,864
Child is foreign born 14,977
Children under age 6 with 425,520
Only native parent(s) 402,583
One or more foreign-born parents 22,937
Child is native 20,656
Child is foreign born 2,281
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 897,246
Only native parent(s) 859,342
One or more foreign-born parents 37,904
Child is native 25,208
Child is foreign born 12,696
Children in Low-Income Families* 529,120
Only native parents 503,623
One or more foreign-born parents 25,497
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.4%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,159,734
Only native parent(s) 1,132,779
One or more foreign-born parents 26,955
Child is native 21,573
Child is foreign born 5,382
Children under age 6 with 385,053
Only native parent(s) 376,143
One or more foreign-born parents 8,910
Child is native 8,109
Child is foreign born 801
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 774,681
Only native parent(s) 756,636
One or more foreign-born parents 18,045
Child is native 13,464
Child is foreign born 4,581
Children in Low-Income Families* 513,462
Only native parents 503,715
One or more foreign-born parents 9,747
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2013 ACS, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in the total number of children; the same information is unavailable by parental nativity. This means that the sum of children of natives and children of immigrants (in absolute and percent terms) may be smaller than the total number of children.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.