E.g., 09/18/2014
E.g., 09/18/2014

State Demographics Data - TN

Tennessee

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 291,641
% Foreign Born 4.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 83.4%
% change: 1990-2000 169.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White
49.3%
Black or African American
7.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.0%
Asian
23.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
15.7%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 130,407
% Latino 44.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 8.9%
18-64 81.9%
65 and older 8.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

36.9
Gender (% female) 48.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.7%
Married 60.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 10.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,164,602
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 11.5%
% change: 1990-2000 14.8%
Race (%)  
One race 98.2%
White 79.4%
Black or African American 17.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.8%
Two or more races 1.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 177,351
% Latino 2.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.4%
5-17 17.3%
18-64 61.7%
65 and older 14.5%
Median Age 38.3
Gender (% female) 51.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.2%
Married 48.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.3%
Foreign Born
Number 159,004
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,530,279
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 59,114
% Foreign Born 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,818,071
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

291,641
Born in Africa 23,525
Born in Asia 86,456
Born in Europe 32,967
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 136,646
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 10,298
Born in Oceania 1,749
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Canada
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

291,641
Europe 32,967
Northern Europe 8,466
United Kingdom
6,732
Ireland
643
Other Northern Europe
1,091
Western Europe 9,139
France
1,060
Germany
6,352
Other Western Europe
1,727
Southern Europe 2,520
Italy
1,234
Portugal
285
Other Southern Europe
1,001
Eastern Europe 12,769
Poland
1,158
Russia
3,174
Other Eastern Europe
8,437
Other Europe (no country specified) 73
Asia 86,456
Eastern Asia 24,277
China
10,931

China, excluding Taiwan

9,482

Taiwan

1,449
Japan
4,113
Korea
9,180
Other Eastern Asia
53
South Central Asia 29,678
India
18,962
Iran
3,260
Other South Central Asia
7,456
Southeastern Asia 22,202
Philippines
5,832
Vietnam
8,302
Other Southeastern Asia
8,068
Western Asia 9,372
Israel
1,226
Lebanon
156
Other Western Asia
7,990
Other Asia (no country specified) 927
Africa 23,525
Eastern Africa 7,488
Northern Africa
7,444
Western Africa
5,991
Middle and Southern Africa
1,989
Other Africa (no country specified)
613
Oceania 1,749
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,728
Oceania (no country specified) 21
Americas 146,944
Latin America 136,646
Caribbean
9,518

Cuba

4,256

Jamaica

754

Other Caribbean

4,508
Central America
115,869

Mexico

86,889

El Salvador

7,302

Other Central America

21,678
South America
11,259

Brazil

680

Colombia

3,166

Other South America

7,413
Northern America 10,298
Canada
10,227
Other Northern America
71
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 70,647
1990-1999 73,402
2000-2009 120,120
Since 2010 27,472
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 8.1%
Born in Asia 29.6%
Born in Europe 11.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 46.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3.5%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 29.8%
Country #2 6.5%
Country #3 3.5%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 11.3%
Northern Europe 2.9%
United Kingdom 2.3%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 3.1%
France 0.4%
Germany 2.2%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 4.4%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.1%
Other Eastern Europe 2.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 29.6%
Eastern Asia 8.3%
China 3.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.3%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 1.4%
Korea 3.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 10.2%
India 6.5%
Iran 1.1%
Other South Central Asia 2.6%
Southeastern Asia 7.6%
Philippines 2.0%
Vietnam 2.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.8%
Western Asia 3.2%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 2.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 8.1%
Eastern Africa 2.6%
Northern Africa 2.6%
Western Africa 2.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.6%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 50.4%
Latin America 46.9%
Caribbean 3.3%
Cuba 1.5%
Jamaica 0.3%
Other Caribbean 1.5%
Central America 39.7%
Mexico 29.8%
El Salvador 2.5%
Other Central America 7.4%
South America 3.9%
Brazil 0.2%
Colombia 1.1%
Other South America 2.5%
Northern America 3.5%
Canada 3.5%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.2%
1980-1989 25.2%
1990-1999 41.2%
Since 2000 9.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 159,004
Born in Africa 8,696
Born in Asia 50,584
Born in Europe 28,117
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 63,484
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,194
Cat28 929
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.5%
Born in Asia 31.8%
Born in Europe 17.7%
Born in Latin America 39.9%
Born in Northern America 4.5%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 28.1%
Country #2 5.2%
Country #3 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 56,960
Born in Africa 2,690
Born in Asia 24,938
Born in Europe 17,611
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,859
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,296
Cat21 566
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.7%
Born in Asia 43.8%
Born in Europe 30.9%
Born in Latin America 12.0%
Born in Northern America 7.5%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.6%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 7.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 291,641
Naturalized citizens 105,025
Noncitizens 186,616
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 105,025
Before 1980 15,661
1980-1989 12,487
1990-1999 21,267
2000-2009 40,660
Since 2010 14,950
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.0%
Noncitizens 64.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.9%
1980-1989 11.9%
1990-1999 20.2%
2000-2009 38.7%
Since 2010 14.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 159,004
Naturalized citizens 53,185
Noncitizens 105,819
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.4%
Noncitizens 66.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 59,114
Naturalized citizens 26,591
Noncitizens 32,523
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.0%
Noncitizens 55.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 95,400
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 9,071
% married among women who gave birth
71.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
28.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,470,528
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 74,360
% married among women who gave birth 60.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 39.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.35
Average family size 3.78
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.5
Average family size 3.1
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,401,624
Only native parent(s)
1,255,064
One or more foreign-born parents
146,560

Child is native

123,933

Child is foreign born

22,627
Children under age 6 with 466,254
Only native parent(s)
410,641
One or more foreign-born parents
55,613

Child is native

52,409

Child is foreign born

3,204
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 935,370
Only native parent(s)
844,423
One or more foreign-born parents
90,947

Child is native

71,524

Child is foreign born

19,423
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

691,613
Only native parents 596,070
One or more foreign-born parents 95,543
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.5%
Child is native 8.8%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.9%
Child is native 11.2%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.7%
Child is native 7.6%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 86.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,322,766
Only native parent(s) 1,261,925
One or more foreign-born parents 60,841
Child is native 45,864
Child is foreign born 14,977
Children under age 6 with 425,520
Only native parent(s) 402,583
One or more foreign-born parents 22,937
Child is native 20,656
Child is foreign born 2,281
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 897,246
Only native parent(s) 859,342
One or more foreign-born parents 37,904
Child is native 25,208
Child is foreign born 12,696
Children in Low-Income Families* 529,120
Only native parents 503,623
One or more foreign-born parents 25,497
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.4%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,159,734
Only native parent(s) 1,132,779
One or more foreign-born parents 26,955
Child is native 21,573
Child is foreign born 5,382
Children under age 6 with 385,053
Only native parent(s) 376,143
One or more foreign-born parents 8,910
Child is native 8,109
Child is foreign born 801
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 774,681
Only native parent(s) 756,636
One or more foreign-born parents 18,045
Child is native 13,464
Child is foreign born 4,581
Children in Low-Income Families* 513,462
Only native parents 503,715
One or more foreign-born parents 9,747
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.