E.g., 09/30/2014
E.g., 09/30/2014

State Demographics Data - OH

Ohio

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 451,330
% Foreign Born 3.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 33.0%
% change: 1990-2000 30.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.3%
White
46.3%
Black or African American
13.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
31.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
5.5%
Two or more races 2.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 78,388
% Latino 17.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 7.0%
18-64 76.3%
65 and older 15.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.9
Gender (% female) 50.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.9%
Married 60.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 11,092,895
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 0.7%
% change: 1990-2000 4.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White 84.2%
Black or African American 12.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.6%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 295,888
% Latino 2.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.2%
5-17 17.5%
18-64 61.6%
65 and older 14.8%
Median Age 39.2
Gender (% female) 51.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.6%
Married 47.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.0%
Foreign Born
Number 339,279
% Foreign Born 3.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 11,013,861
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 259,673
% Foreign Born 2.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 10,587,442
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

451,330
Born in Africa 57,788
Born in Asia 178,378
Born in Europe 111,110
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 89,365
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 12,866
Born in Oceania 1,823
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 India
Country #2 Mexico
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

451,330
Europe 111,110
Northern Europe 16,918
United Kingdom
14,047
Ireland
1,703
Other Northern Europe
1,168
Western Europe 24,468
France
3,356
Germany
16,708
Other Western Europe
4,404
Southern Europe 14,060
Italy
7,860
Portugal
261
Other Southern Europe
5,939
Eastern Europe 54,992
Poland
5,080
Russia
8,677
Other Eastern Europe
41,235
Other Europe (no country specified) 672
Asia 178,378
Eastern Asia 52,643
China
35,359

China, excluding Taiwan

31,274

Taiwan

4,085
Japan
6,084
Korea
11,082
Other Eastern Asia
118
South Central Asia 62,339
India
46,995
Iran
3,771
Other South Central Asia
11,573
Southeastern Asia 39,518
Philippines
13,881
Vietnam
10,704
Other Southeastern Asia
14,933
Western Asia 21,005
Israel
1,993
Lebanon
3,374
Other Western Asia
15,638
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,873
Africa 57,788
Eastern Africa 21,280
Northern Africa
6,357
Western Africa
20,703
Middle and Southern Africa
3,533
Other Africa (no country specified)
5,915
Oceania 1,823
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,347
Oceania (no country specified) 476
Americas 102,231
Latin America 89,365
Caribbean
14,045

Cuba

1,697

Jamaica

4,590

Other Caribbean

7,758
Central America
61,384

Mexico

43,429

El Salvador

6,350

Other Central America

11,605
South America
13,936

Brazil

1,975

Colombia

3,432

Other South America

8,529
Northern America 12,866
Canada
12,828
Other Northern America
38
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 150,980
1990-1999 95,482
2000-2009 154,506
Since 2010 50,362
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 12.8%
Born in Asia 39.5%
Born in Europe 24.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 19.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.4%
Country #2 9.6%
Country #3 6.9%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 24.6%
Northern Europe 3.7%
United Kingdom 3.1%
Ireland 0.4%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 5.4%
France 0.7%
Germany 3.7%
Other Western Europe 1.0%
Southern Europe 3.1%
Italy 1.7%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 1.3%
Eastern Europe 12.2%
Poland 1.1%
Russia 1.9%
Other Eastern Europe 9.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 39.5%
Eastern Asia 11.7%
China 7.8%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.9%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 1.3%
Korea 2.5%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 13.8%
India 10.4%
Iran 0.8%
Other South Central Asia 2.6%
Southeastern Asia 8.8%
Philippines 3.1%
Vietnam 2.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.3%
Western Asia 4.7%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.7%
Other Western Asia 3.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.6%
Africa 12.8%
Eastern Africa 4.7%
Northern Africa 1.4%
Western Africa 4.6%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 1.3%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 22.7%
Latin America 19.8%
Caribbean 3.1%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 1.0%
Other Caribbean 1.7%
Central America 13.6%
Mexico 9.6%
El Salvador 1.4%
Other Central America 2.6%
South America 3.1%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 0.8%
Other South America 1.9%
Northern America 2.9%
Canada 2.8%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 33.5%
1980-1989 21.2%
1990-1999 34.2%
Since 2000 11.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 339,279
Born in Africa 22,034
Born in Asia 120,213
Born in Europe 131,683
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 47,124
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,581
Cat28 1,632
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 India
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Mexico
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.5%
Born in Asia 35.4%
Born in Europe 38.8%
Born in Latin America 13.9%
Born in Northern America 4.9%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7.8%
Country #2 6.3%
Country #3 6.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 253,455
Born in Africa 7,059
Born in Asia 73,547
Born in Europe 138,877
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 18,154
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,829
Cat21 989
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 Italy
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.8%
Born in Asia 29.0%
Born in Europe 54.8%
Born in Latin America 7.2%
Born in Northern America 5.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.5%
Country #2 7.1%
Country #3 7.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 451,330
Naturalized citizens 231,207
Noncitizens 220,123
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 231,207
Before 1980 53,475
1980-1989 24,954
1990-1999 44,522
2000-2009 79,869
Since 2010 28,387
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 51.2%
Noncitizens 48.8%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 23.1%
1980-1989 10.8%
1990-1999 19.3%
2000-2009 34.5%
Since 2010 12.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 339,279
Naturalized citizens 169,295
Noncitizens 169,984
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.9%
Noncitizens 50.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 259,673
Naturalized citizens 155,244
Noncitizens 104,429
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.8%
Noncitizens 40.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 129,984
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 10,312
% married among women who gave birth
85.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
14.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,571,131
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 141,015
% married among women who gave birth 55.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 44.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.83
Average family size 3.48
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.45
Average family size 3.06
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,520,666
Only native parent(s)
2,342,573
One or more foreign-born parents
178,093

Child is native

152,141

Child is foreign born

25,952
Children under age 6 with 813,090
Only native parent(s)
746,334
One or more foreign-born parents
66,756

Child is native

61,893

Child is foreign born

4,863
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,707,576
Only native parent(s)
1,596,239
One or more foreign-born parents
111,337

Child is native

90,248

Child is foreign born

21,089
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,119,762
Only native parents 1,033,455
One or more foreign-born parents 86,307
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.1%
Child is native 6.0%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.2%
Child is native 7.6%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Child is native 5.3%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,777,238
Only native parent(s) 2,655,025
One or more foreign-born parents 122,213
Child is native 96,928
Child is foreign born 25,285
Children under age 6 with 874,733
Only native parent(s) 832,650
One or more foreign-born parents 42,083
Child is native 37,441
Child is foreign born 4,642
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,902,505
Only native parent(s) 1,822,375
One or more foreign-born parents 80,130
Child is native 59,487
Child is foreign born 20,643
Children in Low-Income Families* 938,662
Only native parents 902,010
One or more foreign-born parents 36,652
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 4.3%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 3.1%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,720,563
Only native parent(s) 2,629,241
One or more foreign-born parents 91,322
Child is native 77,574
Child is foreign born 13,748
Children under age 6 with 921,080
Only native parent(s) 893,171
One or more foreign-born parents 27,909
Child is native 25,460
Child is foreign born 2,449
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,799,483
Only native parent(s) 1,736,070
One or more foreign-born parents 63,413
Child is native 52,114
Child is foreign born 11,299
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,000,876
Only native parents 975,819
One or more foreign-born parents 25,057
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.0%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.