E.g., 08/29/2014
E.g., 08/29/2014

State Demographics Data - MI

Michigan

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 607,319
% Foreign Born 6.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 16.0%
% change: 1990-2000 47.3%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White
57.7%
Black or African American
4.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
29.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
5.0%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 106,142
% Latino 17.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 8.1%
18-64 74.6%
65 and older 16.2%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.3
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 21.6%
Married 64.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 9,276,041
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -1.5%
% change: 1990-2000 5.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White 80.7%
Black or African American 14.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.6%
Asian 0.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 348,776
% Latino 3.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 17.8%
18-64 61.7%
65 and older 14.5%
Median Age 39.2
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.4%
Married 46.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.9%
Foreign Born
Number 523,589
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 9,414,855
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 355,393
% Foreign Born 3.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 8,939,904
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

607,319
Born in Africa 23,903
Born in Asia 281,270
Born in Europe 142,125
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 117,539
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 40,892
Born in Oceania 1,590
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Canada
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

607,319
Europe 142,125
Northern Europe 18,857
United Kingdom
15,372
Ireland
1,154
Other Northern Europe
2,331
Western Europe 29,037
France
2,681
Germany
18,414
Other Western Europe
7,942
Southern Europe 16,688
Italy
10,802
Portugal
15
Other Southern Europe
5,871
Eastern Europe 77,200
Poland
11,879
Russia
8,557
Other Eastern Europe
56,764
Other Europe (no country specified) 343
Asia 281,270
Eastern Asia 59,533
China
33,779

China, excluding Taiwan

28,870

Taiwan

4,909
Japan
7,515
Korea
18,145
Other Eastern Asia
94
South Central Asia 84,966
India
58,719
Iran
3,362
Other South Central Asia
22,885
Southeastern Asia 39,959
Philippines
16,594
Vietnam
10,340
Other Southeastern Asia
13,025
Western Asia 95,451
Israel
2,090
Lebanon
19,679
Other Western Asia
73,682
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,361
Africa 23,903
Eastern Africa 7,524
Northern Africa
4,524
Western Africa
7,743
Middle and Southern Africa
2,634
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,478
Oceania 1,590
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,495
Oceania (no country specified) 95
Americas 158,431
Latin America 117,539
Caribbean
12,478

Cuba

3,425

Jamaica

2,420

Other Caribbean

6,633
Central America
92,024

Mexico

78,777

El Salvador

4,050

Other Central America

9,197
South America
13,037

Brazil

3,536

Colombia

1,987

Other South America

7,514
Northern America 40,892
Canada
40,674
Other Northern America
218
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 204,464
1990-1999 153,895
2000-2009 180,086
Since 2010 68,874
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.9%
Born in Asia 46.3%
Born in Europe 23.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 19.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 6.7%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 13.0%
Country #2 9.7%
Country #3 6.7%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 23.4%
Northern Europe 3.1%
United Kingdom 2.5%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 4.8%
France 0.4%
Germany 3.0%
Other Western Europe 1.3%
Southern Europe 2.7%
Italy 1.8%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 1.0%
Eastern Europe 12.7%
Poland 2.0%
Russia 1.4%
Other Eastern Europe 9.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 46.3%
Eastern Asia 9.8%
China 5.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.8%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 1.2%
Korea 3.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 14.0%
India 9.7%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 3.8%
Southeastern Asia 6.6%
Philippines 2.7%
Vietnam 1.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.1%
Western Asia 15.7%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 3.2%
Other Western Asia 12.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 3.9%
Eastern Africa 1.2%
Northern Africa 0.7%
Western Africa 1.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 26.1%
Latin America 19.4%
Caribbean 2.1%
Cuba 0.6%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 1.1%
Central America 15.2%
Mexico 13.0%
El Salvador 0.7%
Other Central America 1.5%
South America 2.1%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 0.3%
Other South America 1.2%
Northern America 6.7%
Canada 6.7%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 33.7%
1980-1989 25.3%
1990-1999 29.7%
Since 2000 11.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 523,589
Born in Africa 16,735
Born in Asia 209,416
Born in Europe 156,988
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 88,704
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 49,659
Cat28 2,083
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.2%
Born in Asia 40.0%
Born in Europe 30.0%
Born in Latin America 16.9%
Born in Northern America 9.5%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 11.2%
Country #2 9.5%
Country #3 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 345,500
Born in Africa 6,280
Born in Asia 102,732
Born in Europe 152,642
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 27,848
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 54,787
Cat21 1,211
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.8%
Born in Asia 29.7%
Born in Europe 44.2%
Born in Latin America 8.1%
Born in Northern America 15.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 15.1%
Country #2 6.8%
Country #3 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 607,319
Naturalized citizens 303,447
Noncitizens 303,872
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 303,447
Before 1980 64,376
1980-1989 33,342
1990-1999 64,765
2000-2009 109,234
Since 2010 31,730
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.0%
Noncitizens 50.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 21.2%
1980-1989 11.0%
1990-1999 21.3%
2000-2009 36.0%
Since 2010 10.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 523,589
Naturalized citizens 239,955
Noncitizens 283,634
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.8%
Noncitizens 54.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 355,393
Naturalized citizens 198,087
Noncitizens 157,306
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.7%
Noncitizens 44.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 179,809
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 13,806
% married among women who gave birth
85.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
14.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,144,969
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 100,298
% married among women who gave birth 56.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 43.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.1
Average family size 3.68
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.49
Average family size 3.1
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,163,729
Only native parent(s)
1,897,400
One or more foreign-born parents
266,329

Child is native

225,342

Child is foreign born

40,987
Children under age 6 with 664,684
Only native parent(s)
576,629
One or more foreign-born parents
88,055

Child is native

81,726

Child is foreign born

6,329
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,499,045
Only native parent(s)
1,320,771
One or more foreign-born parents
178,274

Child is native

143,616

Child is foreign born

34,658
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

987,263
Only native parents 854,148
One or more foreign-born parents 133,115
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.3%
Child is native 10.4%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 12.3%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.9%
Child is native 9.6%
Child is foreign born 2.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 86.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,480,989
Only native parent(s) 2,280,730
One or more foreign-born parents 200,259
Child is native 155,058
Child is foreign born 45,201
Children under age 6 with 783,858
Only native parent(s) 712,642
One or more foreign-born parents 71,216
Child is native 62,489
Child is foreign born 8,727
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,697,131
Only native parent(s) 1,568,088
One or more foreign-born parents 129,043
Child is native 92,569
Child is foreign born 36,474
Children in Low-Income Families* 781,889
Only native parents 709,613
One or more foreign-born parents 72,276
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.1%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.1%
Child is native 8.0%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.6%
Child is native 5.5%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,379,291
Only native parent(s) 2,241,371
One or more foreign-born parents 137,920
Child is native 118,008
Child is foreign born 19,912
Children under age 6 with 816,445
Only native parent(s) 773,278
One or more foreign-born parents 43,167
Child is native 39,380
Child is foreign born 3,787
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,562,846
Only native parent(s) 1,468,093
One or more foreign-born parents 94,753
Child is native 78,628
Child is foreign born 16,125
Children in Low-Income Families* 854,272
Only native parents 812,487
One or more foreign-born parents 41,785
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.8%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.8%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.1%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.