E.g., 10/01/2014
E.g., 10/01/2014

State Demographics Data - MD

Maryland

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 839,336
% Foreign Born 14.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 61.9%
% change: 1990-2000 65.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White
31.0%
Black or African American
22.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
28.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
14.7%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 264,971
% Latino 31.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 6.2%
18-64 81.9%
65 and older 11.2%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.8
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.6%
Married 57.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,045,227
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 5.6%
% change: 1990-2000 6.9%
Race (%)  
One race 96.8%
White 62.6%
Black or African American 30.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 1.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.6%
Two or more races 3.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 245,477
% Latino 4.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.1%
5-17 18.4%
18-64 61.3%
65 and older 13.3%
Median Age 37.1
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 36.4%
Married 44.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.2%
Foreign Born
Number 518,315
% Foreign Born 9.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,778,171
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 313,494
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,467,974
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

839,336
Born in Africa 129,396
Born in Asia 272,894
Born in Europe 88,237
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 336,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,884
Born in Oceania 2,616
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

839,336
Europe 88,237
Northern Europe 19,841
United Kingdom
15,260
Ireland
2,291
Other Northern Europe
2,290
Western Europe 19,193
France
3,846
Germany
12,169
Other Western Europe
3,178
Southern Europe 12,645
Italy
4,479
Portugal
1,841
Other Southern Europe
6,325
Eastern Europe 36,401
Poland
3,355
Russia
12,165
Other Eastern Europe
20,881
Other Europe (no country specified) 157
Asia 272,894
Eastern Asia 92,063
China
54,849

China, excluding Taiwan

45,123

Taiwan

9,726
Japan
3,657
Korea
33,165
Other Eastern Asia
392
South Central Asia 92,426
India
51,207
Iran
10,610
Other South Central Asia
30,609
Southeastern Asia 72,360
Philippines
38,565
Vietnam
20,261
Other Southeastern Asia
13,534
Western Asia 15,597
Israel
2,753
Lebanon
1,509
Other Western Asia
11,335
Other Asia (no country specified) 448
Africa 129,396
Eastern Africa 35,422
Northern Africa
5,663
Western Africa
63,964
Middle and Southern Africa
17,517
Other Africa (no country specified)
6,830
Oceania 2,616
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,960
Oceania (no country specified) 656
Americas 346,193
Latin America 336,309
Caribbean
65,418

Cuba

3,825

Jamaica

22,158

Other Caribbean

39,435
Central America
208,989

Mexico

41,097

El Salvador

107,535

Other Central America

60,357
South America
61,902

Brazil

9,464

Colombia

8,776

Other South America

43,662
Northern America 9,884
Canada
9,601
Other Northern America
283
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 247,115
1990-1999 211,145
2000-2009 308,817
Since 2010 72,259
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 15.4%
Born in Asia 32.5%
Born in Europe 10.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 40.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 12.8%
Country #2 6.1%
Country #3 5.4%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.5%
Northern Europe 2.4%
United Kingdom 1.8%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.3%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.4%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.5%
Italy 0.5%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.8%
Eastern Europe 4.3%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.4%
Other Eastern Europe 2.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 32.5%
Eastern Asia 11.0%
China 6.5%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.4%
Taiwan 1.2%
Japan 0.4%
Korea 4.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 11.0%
India 6.1%
Iran 1.3%
Other South Central Asia 3.6%
Southeastern Asia 8.6%
Philippines 4.6%
Vietnam 2.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.6%
Western Asia 1.9%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 15.4%
Eastern Africa 4.2%
Northern Africa 0.7%
Western Africa 7.6%
Middle and Southern Africa 2.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.8%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 41.2%
Latin America 40.1%
Caribbean 7.8%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 2.6%
Other Caribbean 4.7%
Central America 24.9%
Mexico 4.9%
El Salvador 12.8%
Other Central America 7.2%
South America 7.4%
Brazil 1.1%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 5.2%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.1%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.4%
1980-1989 25.2%
1990-1999 36.8%
Since 2000 8.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 518,315
Born in Africa 62,688
Born in Asia 181,504
Born in Europe 86,840
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 176,026
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,300
Cat28 1,957
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 12.1%
Born in Asia 35.0%
Born in Europe 16.8%
Born in Latin America 34.0%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.1%
Country #2 6.2%
Country #3 6.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 303,480
Born in Africa 23,173
Born in Asia 110,826
Born in Europe 74,318
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 86,678
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,287
Cat21 1,198
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Korea
Country #2 India
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.6%
Born in Asia 36.5%
Born in Europe 24.5%
Born in Latin America 28.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 6.7%
Country #2 5.7%
Country #3 5.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 839,336
Naturalized citizens 392,727
Noncitizens 446,609
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 392,727
Before 1980 42,855
1980-1989 49,263
1990-1999 97,015
2000-2009 154,335
Since 2010 49,259
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.8%
Noncitizens 53.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.9%
1980-1989 12.5%
1990-1999 24.7%
2000-2009 39.3%
Since 2010 12.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 518,315
Naturalized citizens 234,711
Noncitizens 283,604
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.3%
Noncitizens 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 313,494
Naturalized citizens 127,005
Noncitizens 186,489
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.5%
Noncitizens 59.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 277,975
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 20,946
% married among women who gave birth
78.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.1%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,198,768
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 56,666
% married among women who gave birth 57.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 43.0%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.36
Average family size 3.74
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.54
Average family size 3.15
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,281,406
Only native parent(s)
954,306
One or more foreign-born parents
327,100

Child is native

279,331

Child is foreign born

47,769
Children under age 6 with 431,149
Only native parent(s)
305,836
One or more foreign-born parents
125,313

Child is native

118,043

Child is foreign born

7,270
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 850,257
Only native parent(s)
648,470
One or more foreign-born parents
201,787

Child is native

161,288

Child is foreign born

40,499
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

386,272
Only native parents 268,190
One or more foreign-born parents 118,082
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.5%
Child is native 21.8%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.1%
Child is native 27.4%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.7%
Child is native 19.0%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 69.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,278,940
Only native parent(s) 1,086,837
One or more foreign-born parents 192,103
Child is native 150,914
Child is foreign born 41,189
Children under age 6 with 402,464
Only native parent(s) 336,843
One or more foreign-born parents 65,621
Child is native 60,278
Child is foreign born 5,343
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 876,476
Only native parent(s) 749,994
One or more foreign-born parents 126,482
Child is native 90,636
Child is foreign born 35,846
Children in Low-Income Families* 319,092
Only native parents 268,021
One or more foreign-born parents 51,071
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.0%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 3.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.3%
Child is native 15.0%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.4%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,115,678
Only native parent(s) 996,077
One or more foreign-born parents 119,601
Child is native 91,130
Child is foreign born 28,471
Children under age 6 with 411,266
Only native parent(s) 368,985
One or more foreign-born parents 42,281
Child is native 37,779
Child is foreign born 4,502
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 704,412
Only native parent(s) 627,092
One or more foreign-born parents 77,320
Child is native 53,351
Child is foreign born 23,969
Children in Low-Income Families* 279,529
Only native parents 251,543
One or more foreign-born parents 27,986
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 8.2%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.3%
Child is native 9.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.0%
Child is native 7.6%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.