E.g., 04/28/2015
E.g., 04/28/2015

State Demographics Data - MD

Maryland

Demographics & Social
2013
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 842,250
% Foreign Born 14.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 62.5%
% change: 1990-2000 65.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.3%
White
30.1%
Black or African American
23.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
29.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
14.5%
Two or more races 2.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 260,032
% Latino 30.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 6.4%
18-64 81.0%
65 and older 12.0%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.0%
Married 57.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,086,564
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 6.5%
% change: 1990-2000 6.9%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White 62.2%
Black or African American 30.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.8%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 271,717
% Latino 5.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.1%
5-17 18.2%
18-64 61.1%
65 and older 13.6%
Median Age 36.9
Gender (% female) 51.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 36.8%
Married 44.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.8%
Foreign Born
Number 518,315
% Foreign Born 9.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 4,778,171
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 313,494
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,467,974
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

842,250
Born in Africa 137,808
Born in Asia 280,241
Born in Europe 84,790
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 328,444
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,449
Born in Oceania 2,518
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

842,250
Europe 84,790
Northern Europe 15,572
United Kingdom
12,525
Ireland
1,004
Other Northern Europe
2,043
Western Europe 20,023
France
5,422
Germany
11,262
Other Western Europe
3,339
Southern Europe 13,447
Italy
5,109
Portugal
1,963
Other Southern Europe
6,375
Eastern Europe 35,339
Poland
3,252
Russia
10,182
Other Eastern Europe
21,905
Other Europe (no country specified) 409
Asia 280,241
Eastern Asia 94,649
China
51,365

China, excluding Taiwan

44,051

Taiwan

7,314
Japan
4,175
Korea
39,004
Other Eastern Asia
105
South Central Asia 94,384
India
47,656
Iran
12,040
Other South Central Asia
34,688
Southeastern Asia 74,669
Philippines
40,083
Vietnam
17,079
Other Southeastern Asia
17,507
Western Asia 15,901
Israel
3,717
Lebanon
1,594
Other Western Asia
10,590
Other Asia (no country specified) 638
Africa 137,808
Eastern Africa 32,239
Northern Africa
9,362
Western Africa
67,557
Middle and Southern Africa
20,919
Other Africa (no country specified)
7,731
Oceania 2,518
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,427
Oceania (no country specified) 91
Americas 336,893
Latin America 328,444
Caribbean
69,658

Cuba

3,677

Jamaica

24,165

Other Caribbean

41,816
Central America
189,270

Mexico

33,901

El Salvador

94,159

Other Central America

61,210
South America
69,516

Brazil

5,810

Colombia

11,524

Other South America

52,182
Northern America 8,449
Canada
8,058
Other Northern America
391
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 249,978
1990-1999 205,081
2000-2009 296,106
Since 2010 91,085
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 16.4%
Born in Asia 33.3%
Born in Europe 10.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 39.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.0%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 12.8%
Country #2 6.1%
Country #3 5.4%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.1%
Northern Europe 1.8%
United Kingdom 1.5%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.4%
France 0.6%
Germany 1.3%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.6%
Italy 0.6%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.8%
Eastern Europe 4.2%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.2%
Other Eastern Europe 2.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 33.3%
Eastern Asia 11.2%
China 6.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.2%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 4.6%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 11.2%
India 5.7%
Iran 1.4%
Other South Central Asia 4.1%
Southeastern Asia 8.9%
Philippines 4.8%
Vietnam 2.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.1%
Western Asia 1.9%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.3%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 16.4%
Eastern Africa 3.8%
Northern Africa 1.1%
Western Africa 8.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 2.5%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.9%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 40.0%
Latin America 39.0%
Caribbean 8.3%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 2.9%
Other Caribbean 5.0%
Central America 22.5%
Mexico 4.0%
El Salvador 11.2%
Other Central America 7.3%
South America 8.3%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 1.4%
Other South America 6.2%
Northern America 1.0%
Canada 1.0%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.7%
1980-1989 24.3%
1990-1999 35.2%
Since 2000 10.8%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 518,315
Born in Africa 62,688
Born in Asia 181,504
Born in Europe 86,840
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 176,026
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,300
Cat28 1,957
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 12.1%
Born in Asia 35.0%
Born in Europe 16.8%
Born in Latin America 34.0%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.1%
Country #2 6.2%
Country #3 6.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 303,480
Born in Africa 23,173
Born in Asia 110,826
Born in Europe 74,318
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 86,678
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,287
Cat21 1,198
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Korea
Country #2 India
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.6%
Born in Asia 36.5%
Born in Europe 24.5%
Born in Latin America 28.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 6.7%
Country #2 5.7%
Country #3 5.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 842,250
Naturalized citizens 420,344
Noncitizens 421,906
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 420,344
Before 1980 46,860
1980-1989 46,325
1990-1999 97,580
2000-2009 154,838
Since 2010 74,741
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.9%
Noncitizens 50.1%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 11.1%
1980-1989 11.0%
1990-1999 23.2%
2000-2009 36.8%
Since 2010 17.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 518,315
Naturalized citizens 234,711
Noncitizens 283,604
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.3%
Noncitizens 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 313,494
Naturalized citizens 127,005
Noncitizens 186,489
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.5%
Noncitizens 59.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 269,402
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 19,510
% married among women who gave birth
76.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,203,910
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 57,342
% married among women who gave birth 61.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 39.0%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.3
Average family size 3.66
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.56
Average family size 3.18
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,287,167
Only native parent(s)
955,378
One or more foreign-born parents
327,434

Child is native

279,016

Child is foreign born

48,418
Children under age 6 with 423,429
Only native parent(s)
305,638
One or more foreign-born parents
116,448

Child is native

109,984

Child is foreign born

6,464
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 863,738
Only native parent(s)
649,740
One or more foreign-born parents
210,986

Child is native

169,032

Child is foreign born

41,954
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

392,289
Only native parents 269,452
One or more foreign-born parents 121,942
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.4%
Child is native 21.7%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.5%
Child is native 26.0%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.4%
Child is native 19.6%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 68.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,278,940
Only native parent(s) 1,086,837
One or more foreign-born parents 192,103
Child is native 150,914
Child is foreign born 41,189
Children under age 6 with 402,464
Only native parent(s) 336,843
One or more foreign-born parents 65,621
Child is native 60,278
Child is foreign born 5,343
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 876,476
Only native parent(s) 749,994
One or more foreign-born parents 126,482
Child is native 90,636
Child is foreign born 35,846
Children in Low-Income Families* 319,092
Only native parents 268,021
One or more foreign-born parents 51,071
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.0%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 3.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.3%
Child is native 15.0%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.4%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,115,678
Only native parent(s) 996,077
One or more foreign-born parents 119,601
Child is native 91,130
Child is foreign born 28,471
Children under age 6 with 411,266
Only native parent(s) 368,985
One or more foreign-born parents 42,281
Child is native 37,779
Child is foreign born 4,502
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 704,412
Only native parent(s) 627,092
One or more foreign-born parents 77,320
Child is native 53,351
Child is foreign born 23,969
Children in Low-Income Families* 279,529
Only native parents 251,543
One or more foreign-born parents 27,986
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 8.2%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.3%
Child is native 9.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.0%
Child is native 7.6%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2013 ACS, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in the total number of children; the same information is unavailable by parental nativity. This means that the sum of children of natives and children of immigrants (in absolute and percent terms) may be smaller than the total number of children.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.