E.g., 07/29/2014
E.g., 07/29/2014

State Demographics Data - MA

Massachusetts

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 995,692
% Foreign Born 15.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 28.8%
% change: 1990-2000 34.7%
Race (%)  
One race 95.3%
White
44.0%
Black or African American
15.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
25.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
10.0%
Two or more races 4.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 214,909
% Latino 21.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 5.7%
18-64 78.5%
65 and older 15.2%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43.1
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.9%
Married 56.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,650,452
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.3%
% change: 1990-2000 2.5%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White 86.5%
Black or African American 5.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 2.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 3.0%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 458,976
% Latino 8.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 17.3%
18-64 62.0%
65 and older 14.3%
Median Age 38.1
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 38.1%
Married 43.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.0%
Foreign Born
Number 772,983
% Foreign Born 12.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,576,114
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 573,733
% Foreign Born 9.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,442,692
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

995,692
Born in Africa 81,820
Born in Asia 294,200
Born in Europe 232,275
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 354,584
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 29,111
Born in Oceania 3,702
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #2 Portugal
Country #3 Brazil
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

995,692
Europe 232,275
Northern Europe 40,398
United Kingdom
21,576
Ireland
15,577
Other Northern Europe
3,245
Western Europe 25,938
France
4,928
Germany
14,575
Other Western Europe
6,435
Southern Europe 90,251
Italy
20,326
Portugal
56,310
Other Southern Europe
13,615
Eastern Europe 75,688
Poland
11,599
Russia
18,883
Other Eastern Europe
45,206
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 294,200
Eastern Asia 115,535
China
89,086

China, excluding Taiwan

81,358

Taiwan

7,728
Japan
7,608
Korea
18,668
Other Eastern Asia
173
South Central Asia 78,251
India
55,583
Iran
5,435
Other South Central Asia
17,233
Southeastern Asia 70,338
Philippines
8,548
Vietnam
34,086
Other Southeastern Asia
27,704
Western Asia 28,983
Israel
5,202
Lebanon
7,579
Other Western Asia
16,202
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,093
Africa 81,820
Eastern Africa 19,107
Northern Africa
13,341
Western Africa
40,313
Middle and Southern Africa
7,224
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,835
Oceania 3,702
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,403
Oceania (no country specified) 299
Americas 383,695
Latin America 354,584
Caribbean
159,256

Cuba

3,628

Jamaica

13,381

Other Caribbean

142,247
Central America
91,825

Mexico

14,473

El Salvador

37,013

Other Central America

40,339
South America
103,503

Brazil

55,872

Colombia

18,689

Other South America

28,942
Northern America 29,111
Canada
28,465
Other Northern America
646
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 357,537
1990-1999 229,331
2000-2009 305,174
Since 2010 103,650
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 8.2%
Born in Asia 29.5%
Born in Europe 23.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.2%
Country #2 5.7%
Country #3 5.6%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 23.3%
Northern Europe 4.1%
United Kingdom 2.2%
Ireland 1.6%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.6%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.5%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 9.1%
Italy 2.0%
Portugal 5.7%
Other Southern Europe 1.4%
Eastern Europe 7.6%
Poland 1.2%
Russia 1.9%
Other Eastern Europe 4.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 29.5%
Eastern Asia 11.6%
China 8.9%
China, excluding Taiwan 8.2%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 1.9%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 7.9%
India 5.6%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 1.7%
Southeastern Asia 7.1%
Philippines 0.9%
Vietnam 3.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.8%
Western Asia 2.9%
Israel 0.5%
Lebanon 0.8%
Other Western Asia 1.6%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 8.2%
Eastern Africa 1.9%
Northern Africa 1.3%
Western Africa 4.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 38.5%
Latin America 35.6%
Caribbean 16.0%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 1.3%
Other Caribbean 14.3%
Central America 9.2%
Mexico 1.5%
El Salvador 3.7%
Other Central America 4.1%
South America 10.4%
Brazil 5.6%
Colombia 1.9%
Other South America 2.9%
Northern America 2.9%
Canada 2.9%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 35.9%
1980-1989 23.0%
1990-1999 30.6%
Since 2000 10.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 772,983
Born in Africa 47,770
Born in Asia 201,598
Born in Europe 248,614
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 231,759
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 40,714
Cat28 2,517
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Portugal
Country #2 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #3 Dominican Republic
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.2%
Born in Asia 26.1%
Born in Europe 32.2%
Born in Latin America 30.0%
Born in Northern America 5.3%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.6%
Country #2 6.1%
Country #3 6.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 552,059
Born in Africa 21,557
Born in Asia 116,608
Born in Europe 241,703
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 117,526
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 53,072
Cat21 1,593
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Portugal
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Italy
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.9%
Born in Asia 21.1%
Born in Europe 43.8%
Born in Latin America 21.3%
Born in Northern America 9.6%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 12.7%
Country #2 9.1%
Country #3 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 995,692
Naturalized citizens 510,210
Noncitizens 485,482
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 510,210
Before 1980 82,308
1980-1989 55,421
1990-1999 105,890
2000-2009 202,472
Since 2010 64,119
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 51.2%
Noncitizens 48.8%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 16.1%
1980-1989 10.9%
1990-1999 20.8%
2000-2009 39.7%
Since 2010 12.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 772,983
Naturalized citizens 337,617
Noncitizens 435,366
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 43.7%
Noncitizens 56.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 573,733
Naturalized citizens 262,079
Noncitizens 311,654
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.7%
Noncitizens 54.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 306,783
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 19,872
% married among women who gave birth
76.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,361,109
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 52,294
% married among women who gave birth 67.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 32.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.96
Average family size 3.48
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.45
Average family size 3.09
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,352,489
Only native parent(s)
993,478
One or more foreign-born parents
359,011

Child is native

307,290

Child is foreign born

51,721
Children under age 6 with 428,070
Only native parent(s)
300,387
One or more foreign-born parents
127,683

Child is native

120,552

Child is foreign born

7,131
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 924,419
Only native parent(s)
693,091
One or more foreign-born parents
231,328

Child is native

186,738

Child is foreign born

44,590
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

405,341
Only native parents 268,464
One or more foreign-born parents 136,877
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.5%
Child is native 22.7%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.8%
Child is native 28.2%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.0%
Child is native 20.2%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 66.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 33.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,447,376
Only native parent(s) 1,171,636
One or more foreign-born parents 275,740
Child is native 220,139
Child is foreign born 55,601
Children under age 6 with 463,493
Only native parent(s) 372,573
One or more foreign-born parents 90,920
Child is native 82,640
Child is foreign born 8,280
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 983,883
Only native parent(s) 799,063
One or more foreign-born parents 184,820
Child is native 137,499
Child is foreign born 47,321
Children in Low-Income Families* 374,483
Only native parents 273,161
One or more foreign-born parents 101,322
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.1%
Child is native 15.2%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 17.8%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 14.0%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,313,880
Only native parent(s) 1,109,677
One or more foreign-born parents 204,203
Child is native 158,838
Child is foreign born 45,365
Children under age 6 with 477,583
Only native parent(s) 407,382
One or more foreign-born parents 70,201
Child is native 62,751
Child is foreign born 7,450
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 836,297
Only native parent(s) 702,295
One or more foreign-born parents 134,002
Child is native 96,087
Child is foreign born 37,915
Children in Low-Income Families* 344,066
Only native parents 274,803
One or more foreign-born parents 69,263
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.5%
Child is native 12.1%
Child is foreign born 3.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.7%
Child is native 13.1%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Child is native 11.5%
Child is foreign born 4.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 79.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.