E.g., 07/05/2015
E.g., 07/05/2015

State Demographics Data - MA

Massachusetts

Demographics & Social
2013
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,046,155
% Foreign Born 15.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 35.3%
% change: 1990-2000 34.7%
Race (%)  
One race 95.7%
White
44.6%
Black or African American
15.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
25.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
10.2%
Two or more races 4.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 228,683
% Latino 21.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 5.4%
18-64 79.1%
65 and older 14.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43.1
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 26.8%
Married 56.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,646,669
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.3%
% change: 1990-2000 2.5%
Race (%)  
One race 97.3%
White 86.1%
Black or African American 5.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 2.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 3.2%
Two or more races 2.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 474,996
% Latino 8.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 17.2%
18-64 61.7%
65 and older 14.8%
Median Age 38
Gender (% female) 51.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 38.5%
Married 44.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.2%
Foreign Born
Number 772,983
% Foreign Born 12.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,576,114
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 573,733
% Foreign Born 9.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,442,692
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,046,155
Born in Africa 90,813
Born in Asia 305,034
Born in Europe 240,075
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 374,541
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 32,961
Born in Oceania 2,731
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #2 Portugal
Country #3 Brazil
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,046,155
Europe 240,075
Northern Europe 44,682
United Kingdom
25,837
Ireland
15,233
Other Northern Europe
3,612
Western Europe 27,392
France
7,830
Germany
13,101
Other Western Europe
6,461
Southern Europe 94,504
Italy
18,575
Portugal
60,865
Other Southern Europe
15,064
Eastern Europe 73,431
Poland
13,551
Russia
17,505
Other Eastern Europe
42,375
Other Europe (no country specified) 66
Asia 305,034
Eastern Asia 118,261
China
89,858

China, excluding Taiwan

81,836

Taiwan

8,022
Japan
9,060
Korea
19,278
Other Eastern Asia
65
South Central Asia 82,568
India
57,832
Iran
5,677
Other South Central Asia
19,059
Southeastern Asia 73,671
Philippines
10,965
Vietnam
33,813
Other Southeastern Asia
28,893
Western Asia 29,513
Israel
3,261
Lebanon
6,332
Other Western Asia
19,920
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,021
Africa 90,813
Eastern Africa 25,621
Northern Africa
14,351
Western Africa
42,285
Middle and Southern Africa
6,084
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,472
Oceania 2,731
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,604
Oceania (no country specified) 127
Americas 407,502
Latin America 374,541
Caribbean
175,955

Cuba

3,574

Jamaica

20,309

Other Caribbean

152,072
Central America
92,214

Mexico

12,677

El Salvador

38,207

Other Central America

41,330
South America
106,372

Brazil

59,871

Colombia

18,922

Other South America

27,579
Northern America 32,961
Canada
32,666
Other Northern America
295
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 351,263
1990-1999 241,396
2000-2009 315,402
Since 2010 138,094
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 8.7%
Born in Asia 29.2%
Born in Europe 22.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3.2%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.2%
Country #2 5.7%
Country #3 5.6%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 22.9%
Northern Europe 4.3%
United Kingdom 2.5%
Ireland 1.5%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.6%
France 0.7%
Germany 1.3%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 9.0%
Italy 1.8%
Portugal 5.8%
Other Southern Europe 1.4%
Eastern Europe 7.0%
Poland 1.3%
Russia 1.7%
Other Eastern Europe 4.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 29.2%
Eastern Asia 11.3%
China 8.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.8%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 0.9%
Korea 1.8%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 7.9%
India 5.5%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 1.8%
Southeastern Asia 7.0%
Philippines 1.0%
Vietnam 3.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.8%
Western Asia 2.8%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.6%
Other Western Asia 1.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 8.7%
Eastern Africa 2.4%
Northern Africa 1.4%
Western Africa 4.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 39.0%
Latin America 35.8%
Caribbean 16.8%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 1.9%
Other Caribbean 14.5%
Central America 8.8%
Mexico 1.2%
El Salvador 3.7%
Other Central America 4.0%
South America 10.2%
Brazil 5.7%
Colombia 1.8%
Other South America 2.6%
Northern America 3.2%
Canada 3.1%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 33.6%
1980-1989 23.1%
1990-1999 30.1%
Since 2000 13.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 772,983
Born in Africa 47,770
Born in Asia 201,598
Born in Europe 248,614
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 231,759
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 40,714
Cat28 2,517
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Portugal
Country #2 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #3 Dominican Republic
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.2%
Born in Asia 26.1%
Born in Europe 32.2%
Born in Latin America 30.0%
Born in Northern America 5.3%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.6%
Country #2 6.1%
Country #3 6.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 552,059
Born in Africa 21,557
Born in Asia 116,608
Born in Europe 241,703
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 117,526
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 53,072
Cat21 1,593
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Portugal
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Italy
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.9%
Born in Asia 21.1%
Born in Europe 43.8%
Born in Latin America 21.3%
Born in Northern America 9.6%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 12.7%
Country #2 9.1%
Country #3 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,046,155
Naturalized citizens 549,009
Noncitizens 497,146
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 549,009
Before 1980 81,096
1980-1989 59,828
1990-1999 109,581
2000-2009 208,108
Since 2010 90,396
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.5%
Noncitizens 47.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.8%
1980-1989 10.9%
1990-1999 20.0%
2000-2009 37.9%
Since 2010 16.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 772,983
Naturalized citizens 337,617
Noncitizens 435,366
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 43.7%
Noncitizens 56.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 573,733
Naturalized citizens 262,079
Noncitizens 311,654
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.7%
Noncitizens 54.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 321,670
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 19,863
% married among women who gave birth
83.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
16.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,344,303
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 57,826
% married among women who gave birth 64.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 35.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.98
Average family size 3.44
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.45
Average family size 3.07
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,336,067
Only native parent(s)
965,302
One or more foreign-born parents
364,303

Child is native

313,729

Child is foreign born

50,574
Children under age 6 with 430,563
Only native parent(s)
296,870
One or more foreign-born parents
131,356

Child is native

123,490

Child is foreign born

7,866
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 905,504
Only native parent(s)
668,432
One or more foreign-born parents
232,947

Child is native

190,239

Child is foreign born

42,708
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

402,649
Only native parents 263,816
One or more foreign-born parents 138,479
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.3%
Child is native 23.5%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 68.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.5%
Child is native 28.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.7%
Child is native 21.0%
Child is foreign born 4.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 65.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,447,376
Only native parent(s) 1,171,636
One or more foreign-born parents 275,740
Child is native 220,139
Child is foreign born 55,601
Children under age 6 with 463,493
Only native parent(s) 372,573
One or more foreign-born parents 90,920
Child is native 82,640
Child is foreign born 8,280
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 983,883
Only native parent(s) 799,063
One or more foreign-born parents 184,820
Child is native 137,499
Child is foreign born 47,321
Children in Low-Income Families* 374,483
Only native parents 273,161
One or more foreign-born parents 101,322
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.1%
Child is native 15.2%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 17.8%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 14.0%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,313,880
Only native parent(s) 1,109,677
One or more foreign-born parents 204,203
Child is native 158,838
Child is foreign born 45,365
Children under age 6 with 477,583
Only native parent(s) 407,382
One or more foreign-born parents 70,201
Child is native 62,751
Child is foreign born 7,450
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 836,297
Only native parent(s) 702,295
One or more foreign-born parents 134,002
Child is native 96,087
Child is foreign born 37,915
Children in Low-Income Families* 344,066
Only native parents 274,803
One or more foreign-born parents 69,263
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.5%
Child is native 12.1%
Child is foreign born 3.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.7%
Child is native 13.1%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Child is native 11.5%
Child is foreign born 4.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 79.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2013 ACS, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in the total number of children; the same information is unavailable by parental nativity. This means that the sum of children of natives and children of immigrants (in absolute and percent terms) may be smaller than the total number of children.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.