E.g., 10/01/2014
E.g., 10/01/2014

State Demographics Data - IL

Illinois

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,791,330
% Foreign Born 13.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 17.2%
% change: 1990-2000 60.6%
Race (%)  
One race 98.5%
White
52.8%
Black or African American
3.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
24.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
17.9%
Two or more races 1.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 810,234
% Latino 45.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 5.0%
18-64 81.3%
65 and older 13.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.2
Gender (% female) 49.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.5%
Married 62.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 11,083,925
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.8%
% change: 1990-2000 3.9%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White 75.9%
Black or African American 16.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 1.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 3.7%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,289,774
% Latino 11.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.2%
5-17 19.5%
18-64 60.1%
65 and older 13.2%
Median Age 35.3
Gender (% female) 51.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 36.8%
Married 44.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.4%
Foreign Born
Number 1,529,058
% Foreign Born 12.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 10,890,235
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 952,272
% Foreign Born 8.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 10,478,330
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,791,330
Born in Africa 54,388
Born in Asia 494,624
Born in Europe 387,595
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 833,286
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 17,747
Born in Oceania 3,690
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Poland
Country #3 India
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,791,330
Europe 387,595
Northern Europe 31,729
United Kingdom
19,579
Ireland
9,263
Other Northern Europe
2,887
Western Europe 36,522
France
4,437
Germany
25,690
Other Western Europe
6,395
Southern Europe 35,548
Italy
18,580
Portugal
243
Other Southern Europe
16,725
Eastern Europe 282,892
Poland
142,679
Russia
18,326
Other Eastern Europe
121,887
Other Europe (no country specified) 904
Asia 494,624
Eastern Asia 137,657
China
77,463

China, excluding Taiwan

69,077

Taiwan

8,386
Japan
10,298
Korea
46,623
Other Eastern Asia
3,273
South Central Asia 184,854
India
137,918
Iran
7,046
Other South Central Asia
39,890
Southeastern Asia 120,973
Philippines
78,587
Vietnam
19,081
Other Southeastern Asia
23,305
Western Asia 46,290
Israel
5,318
Lebanon
3,914
Other Western Asia
37,058
Other Asia (no country specified) 4,850
Africa 54,388
Eastern Africa 10,266
Northern Africa
9,591
Western Africa
24,116
Middle and Southern Africa
5,964
Other Africa (no country specified)
4,451
Oceania 3,690
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,538
Oceania (no country specified) 1,152
Americas 851,033
Latin America 833,286
Caribbean
27,942

Cuba

9,206

Jamaica

6,859

Other Caribbean

11,877
Central America
749,458

Mexico

698,402

El Salvador

8,556

Other Central America

42,500
South America
55,886

Brazil

6,260

Colombia

14,570

Other South America

35,056
Northern America 17,747
Canada
17,747
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 640,036
1990-1999 535,305
2000-2009 507,198
Since 2010 108,791
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.0%
Born in Asia 27.6%
Born in Europe 21.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 46.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.0%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 39.0%
Country #2 8.0%
Country #3 7.7%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 21.6%
Northern Europe 1.8%
United Kingdom 1.1%
Ireland 0.5%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.0%
France 0.2%
Germany 1.4%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 2.0%
Italy 1.0%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 15.8%
Poland 8.0%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 6.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 27.6%
Eastern Asia 7.7%
China 4.3%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.9%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 2.6%
Other Eastern Asia 0.2%
South Central Asia 10.3%
India 7.7%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 2.2%
Southeastern Asia 6.8%
Philippines 4.4%
Vietnam 1.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.3%
Western Asia 2.6%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 2.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 3.0%
Eastern Africa 0.6%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 1.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.1%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 47.5%
Latin America 46.5%
Caribbean 1.6%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 0.7%
Central America 41.8%
Mexico 39.0%
El Salvador 0.5%
Other Central America 2.4%
South America 3.1%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.8%
Other South America 2.0%
Northern America 1.0%
Canada 1.0%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 35.7%
1980-1989 29.9%
1990-1999 28.3%
Since 2000 6.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,529,058
Born in Africa 26,158
Born in Asia 359,812
Born in Europe 389,928
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 731,397
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 19,210
Cat28 2,553
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Poland
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.7%
Born in Asia 23.5%
Born in Europe 25.5%
Born in Latin America 47.8%
Born in Northern America 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 40.4%
Country #2 9.1%
Country #3 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 922,086
Born in Africa 12,388
Born in Asia 225,339
Born in Europe 307,706
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 358,619
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,215
Cat21 1,819
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Poland
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 24.4%
Born in Europe 33.4%
Born in Latin America 38.9%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 29.5%
Country #2 8.8%
Country #3 5.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,791,330
Naturalized citizens 840,580
Noncitizens 950,750
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 840,580
Before 1980 112,950
1980-1989 115,471
1990-1999 200,426
2000-2009 332,018
Since 2010 79,715
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.9%
Noncitizens 53.1%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 13.4%
1980-1989 13.7%
1990-1999 23.8%
2000-2009 39.5%
Since 2010 9.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,529,058
Naturalized citizens 603,521
Noncitizens 925,537
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.5%
Noncitizens 60.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 952,272
Naturalized citizens 423,665
Noncitizens 528,607
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 44.5%
Noncitizens 55.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 543,580
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 34,600
% married among women who gave birth
76.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,619,323
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 123,416
% married among women who gave birth 60.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 39.3%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.36
Average family size 3.85
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.5
Average family size 3.17
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,943,497
Only native parent(s)
2,166,645
One or more foreign-born parents
776,852

Child is native

691,296

Child is foreign born

85,556
Children under age 6 with 952,121
Only native parent(s)
692,975
One or more foreign-born parents
259,146

Child is native

247,269

Child is foreign born

11,877
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,991,376
Only native parent(s)
1,473,670
One or more foreign-born parents
517,706

Child is native

444,027

Child is foreign born

73,679
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,212,140
Only native parents 794,102
One or more foreign-born parents 418,038
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.4%
Child is native 23.5%
Child is foreign born 2.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.2%
Child is native 26.0%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.0%
Child is native 22.3%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 65.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 3,082,301
Only native parent(s) 2,443,090
One or more foreign-born parents 639,211
Child is native 505,026
Child is foreign born 134,185
Children under age 6 with 1,007,235
Only native parent(s) 777,704
One or more foreign-born parents 229,531
Child is native 209,038
Child is foreign born 20,493
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,075,066
Only native parent(s) 1,665,386
One or more foreign-born parents 409,680
Child is native 295,988
Child is foreign born 113,692
Children in Low-Income Families* 974,133
Only native parents 712,151
One or more foreign-born parents 261,982
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.7%
Child is native 16.4%
Child is foreign born 4.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.8%
Child is native 20.8%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.7%
Child is native 14.3%
Child is foreign born 5.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 73.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,833,596
Only native parent(s) 2,425,083
One or more foreign-born parents 408,513
Child is native 331,632
Child is foreign born 76,881
Children under age 6 with 981,387
Only native parent(s) 841,410
One or more foreign-born parents 139,977
Child is native 125,733
Child is foreign born 14,244
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,852,209
Only native parent(s) 1,583,673
One or more foreign-born parents 268,536
Child is native 205,899
Child is foreign born 62,637
Children in Low-Income Families* 971,085
Only native parents 808,575
One or more foreign-born parents 162,510
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.4%
Child is native 11.7%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.3%
Child is native 12.8%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.5%
Child is native 11.1%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 83.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.7%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.