E.g., 02/27/2015
E.g., 02/27/2015

State Demographics Data - CO

Colorado

Demographics & Social
2013
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 500,634
% Foreign Born 9.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 35.3%
% change: 1990-2000 159.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White
58.4%
Black or African American
5.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
19.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
13.9%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 261,121
% Latino 52.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 7.8%
18-64 81.4%
65 and older 10.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.3
Gender (% female) 51.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.3%
Married 62.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,767,733
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 21.3%
% change: 1990-2000 24.7%
Race (%)  
One race 96.3%
White 86.5%
Black or African American 3.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 1.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.2%
Other race 3.8%
Two or more races 3.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 847,304
% Latino 17.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.9%
5-17 18.2%
18-64 62.4%
65 and older 12.4%
Median Age 35.6
Gender (% female) 49.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.5%
Married 48.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.7%
Foreign Born
Number 369,903
% Foreign Born 8.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 3,931,358
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 142,434
% Foreign Born 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,151,960
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

500,634
Born in Africa 29,094
Born in Asia 113,473
Born in Europe 70,937
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 267,554
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,615
Born in Oceania 2,961
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

500,634
Europe 70,937
Northern Europe 15,597
United Kingdom
12,282
Ireland
1,211
Other Northern Europe
2,104
Western Europe 23,795
France
2,437
Germany
16,666
Other Western Europe
4,692
Southern Europe 3,850
Italy
1,951
Portugal
156
Other Southern Europe
1,743
Eastern Europe 27,658
Poland
3,784
Russia
8,535
Other Eastern Europe
15,339
Other Europe (no country specified) 37
Asia 113,473
Eastern Asia 40,785
China
17,801

China, excluding Taiwan

15,495

Taiwan

2,306
Japan
4,897
Korea
17,327
Other Eastern Asia
760
South Central Asia 26,869
India
14,282
Iran
3,488
Other South Central Asia
9,099
Southeastern Asia 37,093
Philippines
9,178
Vietnam
16,963
Other Southeastern Asia
10,952
Western Asia 8,567
Israel
910
Lebanon
525
Other Western Asia
7,132
Other Asia (no country specified) 159
Africa 29,094
Eastern Africa 11,855
Northern Africa
5,891
Western Africa
6,063
Middle and Southern Africa
3,888
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,397
Oceania 2,961
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,121
Oceania (no country specified) 840
Americas 284,169
Latin America 267,554
Caribbean
6,820

Cuba

1,478

Jamaica

2,213

Other Caribbean

3,129
Central America
244,040

Mexico

221,988

El Salvador

8,742

Other Central America

13,310
South America
16,694

Brazil

2,017

Colombia

4,935

Other South America

9,742
Northern America 16,615
Canada
16,512
Other Northern America
103
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 146,572
1990-1999 146,080
2000-2009 160,684
Since 2010 47,298
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.8%
Born in Asia 22.7%
Born in Europe 14.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 53.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3.3%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 45.1%
Country #2 3.2%
Country #3 3.2%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 14.2%
Northern Europe 3.1%
United Kingdom 2.5%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 4.8%
France 0.5%
Germany 3.3%
Other Western Europe 0.9%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 5.5%
Poland 0.8%
Russia 1.7%
Other Eastern Europe 3.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 22.7%
Eastern Asia 8.1%
China 3.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.1%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 1.0%
Korea 3.5%
Other Eastern Asia 0.2%
South Central Asia 5.4%
India 2.9%
Iran 0.7%
Other South Central Asia 1.8%
Southeastern Asia 7.4%
Philippines 1.8%
Vietnam 3.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.2%
Western Asia 1.7%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 5.8%
Eastern Africa 2.4%
Northern Africa 1.2%
Western Africa 1.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 56.8%
Latin America 53.4%
Caribbean 1.4%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 0.6%
Central America 48.7%
Mexico 44.3%
El Salvador 1.7%
Other Central America 2.7%
South America 3.3%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 1.9%
Northern America 3.3%
Canada 3.3%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.3%
1980-1989 29.2%
1990-1999 32.1%
Since 2000 9.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 369,903
Born in Africa 9,763
Born in Asia 72,417
Born in Europe 65,274
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 205,691
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,684
Cat28 3,065
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.6%
Born in Asia 19.6%
Born in Europe 17.6%
Born in Latin America 55.6%
Born in Northern America 3.7%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 49.1%
Country #2 4.5%
Country #3 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 138,191
Born in Africa 3,310
Born in Asia 36,823
Born in Europe 45,292
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 42,795
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,837
Cat21 1,134
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.4%
Born in Asia 26.6%
Born in Europe 32.8%
Born in Latin America 31.0%
Born in Northern America 6.4%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 23.9%
Country #2 10.1%
Country #3 5.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 500,634
Naturalized citizens 197,600
Noncitizens 303,034
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 197,600
Before 1980 26,973
1980-1989 25,173
1990-1999 42,514
2000-2009 75,355
Since 2010 27,585
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.5%
Noncitizens 60.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 13.7%
1980-1989 12.7%
1990-1999 21.5%
2000-2009 38.1%
Since 2010 14.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 369,903
Naturalized citizens 116,875
Noncitizens 253,028
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.6%
Noncitizens 68.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 142,434
Naturalized citizens 67,277
Noncitizens 75,157
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 47.2%
Noncitizens 52.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 164,772
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 10,606
% married among women who gave birth
75.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
24.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,109,930
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 54,376
% married among women who gave birth 69.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 30.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.42
Average family size 3.9
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.48
Average family size 3.06
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,191,159
Only native parent(s)
919,163
One or more foreign-born parents
270,194

Child is native

236,440

Child is foreign born

33,754
Children under age 6 with 392,097
Only native parent(s)
302,458
One or more foreign-born parents
89,276

Child is native

86,082

Child is foreign born

3,194
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 799,062
Only native parent(s)
616,705
One or more foreign-born parents
180,918

Child is native

150,358

Child is foreign born

30,560
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

445,786
Only native parents 290,752
One or more foreign-born parents 154,083
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.7%
Child is native 19.8%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.8%
Child is native 22.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.6%
Child is native 18.8%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 65.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,054,794
Only native parent(s) 891,647
One or more foreign-born parents 163,147
Child is native 122,453
Child is foreign born 40,694
Children under age 6 with 345,847
Only native parent(s) 283,658
One or more foreign-born parents 62,189
Child is native 54,140
Child is foreign born 8,049
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 708,947
Only native parent(s) 607,989
One or more foreign-born parents 100,958
Child is native 68,313
Child is foreign born 32,645
Children in Low-Income Families* 307,336
Only native parents 227,987
One or more foreign-born parents 79,349
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.5%
Child is native 11.6%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.0%
Child is native 15.7%
Child is foreign born 2.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.2%
Child is native 9.6%
Child is foreign born 4.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 74.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 835,215
Only native parent(s) 766,308
One or more foreign-born parents 68,907
Child is native 56,778
Child is foreign born 12,129
Children under age 6 with 293,871
Only native parent(s) 268,596
One or more foreign-born parents 25,275
Child is native 22,989
Child is foreign born 2,286
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 541,344
Only native parent(s) 497,712
One or more foreign-born parents 43,632
Child is native 33,789
Child is foreign born 9,843
Children in Low-Income Families* 297,963
Only native parents 263,511
One or more foreign-born parents 34,452
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.3%
Child is native 6.8%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Child is native 7.8%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.1%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 88.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.6%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2013 ACS, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in the total number of children; the same information is unavailable by parental nativity. This means that the sum of children of natives and children of immigrants (in absolute and percent terms) may be smaller than the total number of children.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.