E.g., 11/24/2014
E.g., 11/24/2014

State Demographics Data - CO

Colorado

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 506,358
% Foreign Born 9.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 36.9%
% change: 1990-2000 159.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White
58.0%
Black or African American
6.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
18.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
14.4%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 262,966
% Latino 51.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 7.3%
18-64 82.0%
65 and older 9.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

39.8
Gender (% female) 50.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.1%
Married 60.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,681,224
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 19.1%
% change: 1990-2000 24.7%
Race (%)  
One race 96.6%
White 87.2%
Black or African American 4.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.0%
Asian 1.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 3.1%
Two or more races 3.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 825,776
% Latino 17.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.1%
5-17 18.3%
18-64 62.6%
65 and older 12.0%
Median Age 35.5
Gender (% female) 49.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.0%
Married 49.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.8%
Foreign Born
Number 369,903
% Foreign Born 8.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 3,931,358
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 142,434
% Foreign Born 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,151,960
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

506,358
Born in Africa 31,675
Born in Asia 111,709
Born in Europe 71,823
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 271,246
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,660
Born in Oceania 5,245
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

506,358
Europe 71,823
Northern Europe 17,043
United Kingdom
14,461
Ireland
266
Other Northern Europe
2,316
Western Europe 23,798
France
2,891
Germany
16,415
Other Western Europe
4,492
Southern Europe 4,686
Italy
1,767
Portugal
211
Other Southern Europe
2,708
Eastern Europe 26,254
Poland
3,793
Russia
7,332
Other Eastern Europe
15,129
Other Europe (no country specified) 42
Asia 111,709
Eastern Asia 38,321
China
19,717

China, excluding Taiwan

16,233

Taiwan

3,484
Japan
5,333
Korea
12,745
Other Eastern Asia
526
South Central Asia 28,080
India
16,380
Iran
2,441
Other South Central Asia
9,259
Southeastern Asia 38,095
Philippines
8,869
Vietnam
15,460
Other Southeastern Asia
13,766
Western Asia 7,213
Israel
1,095
Lebanon
527
Other Western Asia
5,591
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 31,675
Eastern Africa 14,024
Northern Africa
5,307
Western Africa
7,401
Middle and Southern Africa
3,396
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,547
Oceania 5,245
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,898
Oceania (no country specified) 1,347
Americas 285,906
Latin America 271,246
Caribbean
7,010

Cuba

1,727

Jamaica

1,804

Other Caribbean

3,479
Central America
245,806

Mexico

228,496

El Salvador

7,171

Other Central America

10,139
South America
18,430

Brazil

2,839

Colombia

3,791

Other South America

11,800
Northern America 14,660
Canada
14,632
Other Northern America
28
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 152,906
1990-1999 148,117
2000-2009 167,870
Since 2010 37,465
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 6.3%
Born in Asia 22.1%
Born in Europe 14.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 53.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.9%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 45.1%
Country #2 3.2%
Country #3 3.2%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 14.2%
Northern Europe 3.4%
United Kingdom 2.9%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.5%
Western Europe 4.7%
France 0.6%
Germany 3.2%
Other Western Europe 0.9%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 5.2%
Poland 0.7%
Russia 1.4%
Other Eastern Europe 3.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 22.1%
Eastern Asia 7.6%
China 3.9%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.2%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 1.1%
Korea 2.5%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 5.5%
India 3.2%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 1.8%
Southeastern Asia 7.5%
Philippines 1.8%
Vietnam 3.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.7%
Western Asia 1.4%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 6.3%
Eastern Africa 2.8%
Northern Africa 1.0%
Western Africa 1.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 1.0%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.8%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.3%
Americas 56.5%
Latin America 53.6%
Caribbean 1.4%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 0.7%
Central America 48.5%
Mexico 45.1%
El Salvador 1.4%
Other Central America 2.0%
South America 3.6%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 2.3%
Northern America 2.9%
Canada 2.9%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 30.2%
1980-1989 29.3%
1990-1999 33.2%
Since 2000 7.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 369,903
Born in Africa 9,763
Born in Asia 72,417
Born in Europe 65,274
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 205,691
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,684
Cat28 3,065
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.6%
Born in Asia 19.6%
Born in Europe 17.6%
Born in Latin America 55.6%
Born in Northern America 3.7%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 49.1%
Country #2 4.5%
Country #3 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 138,191
Born in Africa 3,310
Born in Asia 36,823
Born in Europe 45,292
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 42,795
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,837
Cat21 1,134
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.4%
Born in Asia 26.6%
Born in Europe 32.8%
Born in Latin America 31.0%
Born in Northern America 6.4%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 23.9%
Country #2 10.1%
Country #3 5.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 506,358
Naturalized citizens 201,312
Noncitizens 305,046
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 201,312
Before 1980 30,887
1980-1989 25,634
1990-1999 44,470
2000-2009 76,720
Since 2010 23,601
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.8%
Noncitizens 60.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 15.3%
1980-1989 12.7%
1990-1999 22.1%
2000-2009 38.1%
Since 2010 11.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 369,903
Naturalized citizens 116,875
Noncitizens 253,028
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.6%
Noncitizens 68.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 142,434
Naturalized citizens 67,277
Noncitizens 75,157
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 47.2%
Noncitizens 52.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 167,048
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 12,586
% married among women who gave birth
84.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
15.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,097,442
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 57,409
% married among women who gave birth 75.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 24.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.44
Average family size 3.94
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.44
Average family size 3.03
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,176,281
Only native parent(s)
919,663
One or more foreign-born parents
256,618

Child is native

225,404

Child is foreign born

31,214
Children under age 6 with 395,637
Only native parent(s)
309,470
One or more foreign-born parents
86,167

Child is native

82,258

Child is foreign born

3,909
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 780,644
Only native parent(s)
610,193
One or more foreign-born parents
170,451

Child is native

143,146

Child is foreign born

27,305
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

456,948
Only native parents 306,249
One or more foreign-born parents 150,699
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 78.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 21.8%
Child is native 19.2%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 78.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 21.8%
Child is native 20.8%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 78.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 21.8%
Child is native 18.3%
Child is foreign born 3.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 67.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 33.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,054,794
Only native parent(s) 891,647
One or more foreign-born parents 163,147
Child is native 122,453
Child is foreign born 40,694
Children under age 6 with 345,847
Only native parent(s) 283,658
One or more foreign-born parents 62,189
Child is native 54,140
Child is foreign born 8,049
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 708,947
Only native parent(s) 607,989
One or more foreign-born parents 100,958
Child is native 68,313
Child is foreign born 32,645
Children in Low-Income Families* 307,336
Only native parents 227,987
One or more foreign-born parents 79,349
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.5%
Child is native 11.6%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.0%
Child is native 15.7%
Child is foreign born 2.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.2%
Child is native 9.6%
Child is foreign born 4.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 74.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 835,215
Only native parent(s) 766,308
One or more foreign-born parents 68,907
Child is native 56,778
Child is foreign born 12,129
Children under age 6 with 293,871
Only native parent(s) 268,596
One or more foreign-born parents 25,275
Child is native 22,989
Child is foreign born 2,286
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 541,344
Only native parent(s) 497,712
One or more foreign-born parents 43,632
Child is native 33,789
Child is foreign born 9,843
Children in Low-Income Families* 297,963
Only native parents 263,511
One or more foreign-born parents 34,452
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.3%
Child is native 6.8%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Child is native 7.8%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.1%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 88.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.6%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.