E.g., 03/07/2015
E.g., 03/07/2015

State Demographics Data - CA

California

Demographics & Social
2013
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 10,311,200
% Foreign Born 26.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 16.3%
% change: 1990-2000 37.2%
Race (%)  
One race 98.0%
White
43.5%
Black or African American
1.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
32.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
20.2%
Two or more races 2.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 5,325,550
% Latino 51.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.4%
5-17 4.2%
18-64 80.3%
65 and older 15.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

45.1
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.2%
Married 59.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 28,021,321
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 12.1%
% change: 1990-2000 7.3%
Race (%)  
One race 94.6%
White 68.7%
Black or African American 7.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 6.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.4%
Other race 10.3%
Two or more races 5.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 9,393,777
% Latino 33.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 8.8%
5-17 22.3%
18-64 57.4%
65 and older 11.5%
Median Age 29.6
Gender (% female) 49.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 42.8%
Married 39.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.6%
Foreign Born
Number 8,864,255
% Foreign Born 26.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 25,007,393
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 6,458,825
% Foreign Born 21.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 23,301,196
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

10,311,079
Born in Africa 174,606
Born in Asia 3,833,324
Born in Europe 672,931
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,426,635
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 128,923
Born in Oceania 74,660
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

10,311,079
Europe 672,931
Northern Europe 177,142
United Kingdom
129,034
Ireland
17,031
Other Northern Europe
31,077
Western Europe 157,173
France
36,086
Germany
77,186
Other Western Europe
43,901
Southern Europe 87,922
Italy
30,300
Portugal
28,394
Other Southern Europe
29,228
Eastern Europe 248,712
Poland
21,488
Russia
64,051
Other Eastern Europe
163,173
Other Europe (no country specified) 1,982
Asia 3,833,324
Eastern Asia 1,230,569
China
794,710

China, excluding Taiwan

629,664

Taiwan

165,046
Japan
105,538
Korea
327,893
Other Eastern Asia
2,428
South Central Asia 738,208
India
415,479
Iran
202,603
Other South Central Asia
120,126
Southeastern Asia 1,592,852
Philippines
813,748
Vietnam
504,257
Other Southeastern Asia
274,847
Western Asia 263,166
Israel
30,196
Lebanon
35,336
Other Western Asia
197,634
Other Asia (no country specified) 8,529
Africa 174,606
Eastern Africa 54,758
Northern Africa
51,894
Western Africa
35,553
Middle and Southern Africa
23,738
Other Africa (no country specified)
8,663
Oceania 74,660
Australia and New Zealand subregion 25,766
Oceania (no country specified) 48,894
Americas 5,555,558
Latin America 5,426,635
Caribbean
73,398

Cuba

35,608

Jamaica

13,142

Other Caribbean

24,648
Central America
5,099,325

Mexico

4,232,374

El Salvador

425,081

Other Central America

441,870
South America
253,912

Brazil

35,752

Colombia

38,041

Other South America

180,119
Northern America 128,923
Canada
128,438
Other Northern America
485
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 4,539,465
1990-1999 2,555,194
2000-2009 2,531,709
Since 2010 684,832
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.7%
Born in Asia 37.2%
Born in Europe 6.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 52.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 41.4%
Country #2 8.1%
Country #3 5.9%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 6.5%
Northern Europe 1.7%
United Kingdom 1.3%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 1.5%
France 0.3%
Germany 0.7%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.3%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 2.4%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 1.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 37.2%
Eastern Asia 11.9%
China 7.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.1%
Taiwan 1.6%
Japan 1.0%
Korea 3.2%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 7.2%
India 4.0%
Iran 2.0%
Other South Central Asia 1.2%
Southeastern Asia 15.4%
Philippines 7.9%
Vietnam 4.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.7%
Western Asia 2.6%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 1.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 1.7%
Eastern Africa 0.5%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 0.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.5%
Americas 53.9%
Latin America 52.6%
Caribbean 0.7%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.2%
Central America 49.5%
Mexico 41.0%
El Salvador 4.1%
Other Central America 4.3%
South America 2.5%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.7%
Northern America 1.3%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 44.0%
1980-1989 24.8%
1990-1999 24.6%
Since 2000 6.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 8,864,255
Born in Africa 113,255
Born in Asia 2,918,642
Born in Europe 696,578
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,926,803
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 141,779
Cat28 67,131
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 32.9%
Born in Europe 7.9%
Born in Latin America 55.6%
Born in Northern America 1.6%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 44.3%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 4.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 6,194,042
Born in Africa 65,864
Born in Asia 2,000,601
Born in Europe 672,264
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,259,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 151,023
Cat21 44,876
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 32.3%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America 52.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 38.0%
Country #2 7.5%
Country #3 4.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 10,311,200
Naturalized citizens 5,006,979
Noncitizens 5,304,221
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 5,006,979
Before 1980 518,254
1980-1989 731,955
1990-1999 1,386,524
2000-2009 1,757,818
Since 2010 612,428
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.6%
Noncitizens 51.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.4%
1980-1989 14.6%
1990-1999 27.7%
2000-2009 35.1%
Since 2010 12.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 8,864,255
Naturalized citizens 3,473,266
Noncitizens 5,390,989
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.2%
Noncitizens 60.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 6,458,825
Naturalized citizens 2,017,610
Noncitizens 4,441,215
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.2%
Noncitizens 68.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,055,737
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 172,565
% married among women who gave birth
74.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 6,503,353
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 305,084
% married among women who gave birth 60.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 39.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.67
Average family size 4.06
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.63
Average family size 3.26
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 8,744,206
Only native parent(s)
4,414,851
One or more foreign-born parents
4,313,822

Child is native

3,897,147

Child is foreign born

416,675
Children under age 6 with 2,907,836
Only native parent(s)
1,570,178
One or more foreign-born parents
1,332,649

Child is native

1,284,560

Child is foreign born

48,089
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,836,370
Only native parent(s)
2,844,673
One or more foreign-born parents
2,981,173

Child is native

2,612,587

Child is foreign born

368,586
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

4,080,567
Only native parents 1,675,742
One or more foreign-born parents 2,400,728
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 50.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 49.3%
Child is native 44.6%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 54.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 45.8%
Child is native 44.2%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 48.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 51.1%
Child is native 44.8%
Child is foreign born 6.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 41.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 58.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 8,665,495
Only native parent(s) 4,562,505
One or more foreign-born parents 4,102,990
Child is native 3,350,480
Child is foreign born 752,510
Children under age 6 with 2,802,560
Only native parent(s) 1,451,874
One or more foreign-born parents 1,350,686
Child is native 1,246,648
Child is foreign born 104,038
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,862,935
Only native parent(s) 3,110,631
One or more foreign-born parents 2,752,304
Child is native 2,103,832
Child is foreign born 648,472
Children in Low-Income Families* 3,618,200
Only native parents 1,391,962
One or more foreign-born parents 2,226,238
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.3%
Child is native 38.7%
Child is foreign born 8.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 51.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 48.2%
Child is native 44.5%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 53.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 46.9%
Child is native 35.9%
Child is foreign born 11.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 38.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 61.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 7,339,599
Only native parent(s) 4,518,986
One or more foreign-born parents 2,820,613
Child is native 2,065,919
Child is foreign born 754,694
Children under age 6 with 2,721,307
Only native parent(s) 1,688,217
One or more foreign-born parents 1,033,090
Child is native 901,882
Child is foreign born 131,208
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,618,292
Only native parent(s) 2,830,769
One or more foreign-born parents 1,787,523
Child is native 1,164,037
Child is foreign born 623,486
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,844,587
Only native parents 1,333,615
One or more foreign-born parents 1,510,972
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.4%
Child is native 28.1%
Child is foreign born 10.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.0%
Child is native 33.1%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.7%
Child is native 25.2%
Child is foreign born 13.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 46.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 53.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2013 ACS, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in the total number of children; the same information is unavailable by parental nativity. This means that the sum of children of natives and children of immigrants (in absolute and percent terms) may be smaller than the total number of children.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.