E.g., 09/19/2014
E.g., 09/19/2014

State Demographics Data - AR

Arkansas

Demographics & Social
2012
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 129,165
% Foreign Born 4.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 75.3%
% change: 1990-2000 196.3%
Race (%)  
One race 98.9%
White
54.1%
Black or African American
2.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.6%
Asian
19.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
2.0%
Other race
21.0%
Two or more races 1.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 80,924
% Latino 62.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 8.0%
18-64 85.2%
65 and older 6.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

36.5
Gender (% female) 48.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 26.2%
Married 61.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 12.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 2,819,966
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 8.5%
% change: 1990-2000 11.8%
Race (%)  
One race 98.0%
White 79.4%
Black or African American 16.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.6%
Asian 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.1%
Two or more races 2.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 116,941
% Latino 4.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.8%
5-17 18.1%
18-64 59.8%
65 and older 15.4%
Median Age 37.7
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.0%
Married 49.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 23.1%
Foreign Born
Number 73,690
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 2,599,710
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 24,867
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 2,325,858
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

129,165
Born in Africa 1,345
Born in Asia 28,888
Born in Europe 10,437
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 82,864
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,570
Born in Oceania 3,061
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 El Salvador
Country #3 India
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

129,165
Europe 10,437
Northern Europe 3,181
United Kingdom
2,674
Ireland
60
Other Northern Europe
447
Western Europe 3,596
France
340
Germany
2,849
Other Western Europe
407
Southern Europe 302
Italy
254
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
48
Eastern Europe 3,227
Poland
341
Russia
1,069
Other Eastern Europe
1,817
Other Europe (no country specified) 131
Asia 28,888
Eastern Asia 5,132
China
3,228

China, excluding Taiwan

2,590

Taiwan

638
Japan
608
Korea
1,296
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 9,835
India
8,796
Iran
274
Other South Central Asia
765
Southeastern Asia 10,546
Philippines
2,957
Vietnam
3,472
Other Southeastern Asia
4,117
Western Asia 3,066
Israel
10
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
3,056
Other Asia (no country specified) 309
Africa 1,345
Eastern Africa 408
Northern Africa
200
Western Africa
476
Middle and Southern Africa
261
Other Africa (no country specified)
0
Oceania 3,061
Australia and New Zealand subregion 189
Oceania (no country specified) 2,872
Americas 85,434
Latin America 82,864
Caribbean
1,115

Cuba

297

Jamaica

79

Other Caribbean

739
Central America
79,090

Mexico

64,603

El Salvador

9,243

Other Central America

5,244
South America
2,659

Brazil

116

Colombia

1,154

Other South America

1,389
Northern America 2,570
Canada
2,478
Other Northern America
92
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 31,803
1990-1999 40,046
2000-2009 45,953
Since 2010 11,363
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.0%
Born in Asia 22.4%
Born in Europe 8.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 64.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.0%
Born in Oceania 2.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 50.0%
Country #2 7.2%
Country #3 6.8%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 8.1%
Northern Europe 2.5%
United Kingdom 2.1%
Ireland 0.0%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.8%
France 0.3%
Germany 2.2%
Other Western Europe 0.3%
Southern Europe 0.2%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.0%
Eastern Europe 2.5%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 1.4%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 22.4%
Eastern Asia 4.0%
China 2.5%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.0%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 1.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 7.6%
India 6.8%
Iran 0.2%
Other South Central Asia 0.6%
Southeastern Asia 8.2%
Philippines 2.3%
Vietnam 2.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.2%
Western Asia 2.4%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 2.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 1.0%
Eastern Africa 0.3%
Northern Africa 0.2%
Western Africa 0.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 2.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.1%
Oceania (no country specified) 2.2%
Americas 66.1%
Latin America 64.2%
Caribbean 0.9%
Cuba 0.2%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.6%
Central America 61.2%
Mexico 50.0%
El Salvador 7.2%
Other Central America 4.1%
South America 2.1%
Brazil 0.1%
Colombia 0.9%
Other South America 1.1%
Northern America 2.0%
Canada 1.9%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.6%
1980-1989 31.0%
1990-1999 35.6%
Since 2000 8.8%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 73,690
Born in Africa 1,503
Born in Asia 15,846
Born in Europe 10,028
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 43,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,839
Cat28 1,165
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 El Salvador
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.0%
Born in Asia 21.5%
Born in Europe 13.6%
Born in Latin America 58.8%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 1.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 45.7%
Country #2 6.1%
Country #3 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 23,851
Born in Africa 651
Born in Asia 9,035
Born in Europe 7,847
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,571
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,431
Cat21 316
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.7%
Born in Asia 37.9%
Born in Europe 32.9%
Born in Latin America 19.2%
Born in Northern America 6.0%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 11.3%
Country #2 10.9%
Country #3 8.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 129,165
Naturalized citizens 41,071
Noncitizens 88,094
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 41,071
Before 1980 5,324
1980-1989 4,168
1990-1999 8,490
2000-2009 17,365
Since 2010 5,724
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.8%
Noncitizens 68.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 13.0%
1980-1989 10.1%
1990-1999 20.7%
2000-2009 42.3%
Since 2010 13.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 73,690
Naturalized citizens 22,055
Noncitizens 51,635
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.9%
Noncitizens 70.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 24,867
Naturalized citizens 12,121
Noncitizens 12,746
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.7%
Noncitizens 51.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 44,722
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,289
% married among women who gave birth
78.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 649,883
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 36,132
% married among women who gave birth 63.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 36.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.36
Average family size 3.78
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.47
Average family size 3.06
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.

 
Children under age 18 with 666,074
Only native parent(s)
592,102
One or more foreign-born parents
73,972

Child is native

64,178

Child is foreign born

9,794
Children under age 6 with 219,939
Only native parent(s)
194,677
One or more foreign-born parents
25,262

Child is native

24,474

Child is foreign born

788
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 446,135
Only native parent(s)
397,425
One or more foreign-born parents
48,710

Child is native

39,704

Child is foreign born

9,006
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

355,214
Only native parents 302,967
One or more foreign-born parents 52,247
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.1%
Child is native 9.6%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.5%
Child is native 11.1%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.9%
Child is native 8.9%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 85.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 635,371
Only native parent(s) 601,852
One or more foreign-born parents 33,519
Child is native 25,616
Child is foreign born 7,903
Children under age 6 with 205,272
Only native parent(s) 191,855
One or more foreign-born parents 13,417
Child is native 11,602
Child is foreign born 1,815
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 430,099
Only native parent(s) 409,997
One or more foreign-born parents 20,102
Child is native 14,014
Child is foreign born 6,088
Children in Low-Income Families* 305,897
Only native parents 286,039
One or more foreign-born parents 19,858
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.0%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Child is native 5.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.7%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 591,363
Only native parent(s) 578,954
One or more foreign-born parents 12,409
Child is native 9,984
Child is foreign born 2,425
Children under age 6 with 192,934
Only native parent(s) 188,831
One or more foreign-born parents 4,103
Child is native 3,840
Child is foreign born 263
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 398,429
Only native parent(s) 390,123
One or more foreign-born parents 8,306
Child is native 6,144
Child is foreign born 2,162
Children in Low-Income Families* 316,251
Only native parents 310,248
One or more foreign-born parents 6,003
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under 18 who reside in a home with no parents.